In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator. The aliquots were titrated against sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until end point was reached, after which volume of NaOH consumed was recorded. The value of the rate constant, k, obtained was 0.0002 s-1. The experiment was then repeated with 40/60 V/V isopropanol/water mixture and a larger value of k = 0.0007 s-1 was obtained. We concluded that the rate of hydrolysis of (CH3)3CCl is directly proportional to water content in the solvent mixture.
CER Labs 2-3 Figure 1. Friedel-Crafts Acylation. Claim: An acetyl group was efficiently introduced to ferrocene by Friedel-Crafts Acylation (Figure 1). We isolated our crude yield while comparing 2 purification techniques: column chromatography and recrystallization. TLC, NMR, and IR spectroscopy were used throughout the process to identify ferrocene and acetylferrocene in addition to evaluating the levels of purity.
This would have made the results less accurate and made any errors change the final results even more. To make sure this doesn’t happen, there needs to be more trials to increase the precision of the results. Abstract The purpose of the lab was to determine what each of nice substances was based upon how they reacted with other chemicals as well as their pH levels. By using the given clues, the reaction with Litmus paper, and the precipitates formed by different mixtures, the chemicals were identified. Substance 1 was found to be BaCl , substance 2 was determined to be NaOH, and substance 3 was labeled as CuSO .
The purpose of the K_a determination of an unknown weak acid lab was to use titration in order to determine the K_a for an unknown solid weak acid knowing only its molar mass. The previous laboratory experiment was performed in order to determine whether titration or dilution would yield more accurate K_a. It was determined that titration yielded more accurate results. This lab was performed by taking a sample of solid weak acid and dissolving it in water before titrating with the strong base NaOH. Titration is a technique in which a reagent of known concentration is slowly added to an unknown solution in order to calculate the concentration of the unknown.
Table 1.A was constructed in order to represent the resultant amounts of NaOH that were used and their respective time that they were added, as well as the amounts of sample and acetone that were mixed, and Calculations 1.A shows the calculations used to find the concentrations of HCl at different times, which is needed for the calculation of the rate constant. Graph 1.A represents the plot of kinetic data from the recorded results seen in this experiment, and this graph also includes the calculated slope, which is used
Exp. 10 - The Chemistry of Natural Waters David Graves 11/10/15 CHEM 111 Section 104 TA: Lai Shi Group Members: Jasmine Graves, Brad Hensler, Peter Hoholick Introduction Experiment 10: The Chemistry of Natural Waters investigates the topic known as water hardness. Hardness is a chemical property of water that evaluates the concentration of dissolved divalent cations such as Ca and Mg, which happen to be the two ions that are tested for in the experiment. Hardness can be measured in multiple ways such as molarity (M) or parts per million (ppm). Since all natural waters contain ion concentrations of dissolved minerals, it is important to known the hardness value because hard water can cause scale formation in industrial
Verna Wang Hannah Palmer CHEM 101-069 Lab 11-19-16 Stoichiometry and Limiting Reagents Lab Report Purpose: We are using the reaction of sodium hydroxide and calcium chloride to illustrate stoichiometry by demonstrating proportions needed to cause a reaction to take place. Background: Just like a recipe would call for a specific amount of one ingredient to a specific amount of another, stoichiometry is the same exact method for calculating moles in a chemical reaction. Sometimes, we may not have enough of or too much of one ingredient , which would be defined as limiting and excess reagent, respectively. Ideally, every mole of each reagent would be used up, and theoretical yield, we are assuming that every last mole of the reactants would
Purpose: The purpose of this lab is to titrate an unknown solid acid (KH2PO4) with a standardized sodium hydroxide solution. After recording and plotting the data, the acid’s equivalence point will be recorded once the color changes. Using the equivalence point, the halfway point will be calculated, which is used to determine the acid’s equilibrium constant. The acid’s calculated equilibrium constant will be compared with the acid’s established pKa value. Eventually using the NaOH and the acid’s consumed moles, the equivalent mass will be determined.
To do this we have to follow and conduct the experiments given in the BP, such as infrared spectrophotometry, limit testing for p-aminophenol in acetaminophen and running the assay for Acetaminophen and only after these 3 tests can we confidently conclude if the sample is up to standard. Introduction Identification by IR IR is a very specific method for identification of active ingredients in pharmaceutical products. An IR spectrum of the active ingredient should be an exact
Introduction The goal of the experiment is to examine how the rate of reaction between Hydrochloric acid and Sodium thiosulphate is affected by altering the concentrations. The concentration of Sodium thiosulfate will be altered by adding deionised water and decreasing the amount of Sodium thiosulphate. Once the Sodium thiosulphate has been tested several times. The effect of concentration on the rate of reaction can be examined in this experiment. The chemical equation for this experiment is hydrochloric acid + sodium thiosulphate + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) sodium chloride + deionised water (ranging from 25ml to 0ml in 5ml intervals) + sulphur dioxide + sulphur.