Tituba caused the witch hunt outrage in Salem. Tituba was the servant of Reverend Parris. Practicing black magic was one of her hobbies and she showed this hobby to Reverend Parris’s curious daughter and niece. The young
Twenty-four innocent people died during the Salem Witch Trials. This was due to many different factors that effected the people who lived there. The biggest factor being their religion; everyone living in Salem was a Puritan. When the Witch trials began, people’s judgment turned over into fear and superstition. Mass hysteria began because there was no governor, and there was no law system.
In Salem, Massachusetts summer of 1692, a group of teenage girls were said to have been “under evil hands”. When the girls were asked, who had done this to them, they accused local middle aged men and women. According to Castillo, “the first three women they accused were Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba, the slave” (1692, Castillo). Tituba claimed to not be a witch however, her mother was. These three women were the first witches to go on trial, all three were found guilty.
She was an enslaved Native American woman. When she confessed, she also made claims that two other women, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne, participated in said witchcraft. Although there were many other contributing factors, Tituba’s confession is the main reason why the Salem Witch Trials happened. The Massachusetts Bay colonists had accused and convicted people of witchcraft before, starting with Margaret Jones in 1648, but nobody in the colony had ever confessed to being a witch before or ominously stated that there were other witches out there. Tituba’s simple confession reinforced all of the colonist’s underlying fears.
The Salem Community Goes wrong The Salem Witch trials started in 1688. However witch trials started many years before. There were forty- to fifty-thousand people killed because of witchcraft, in a matter of 300 years. The main punishment for witchcraft was being hanged, others died in jail, or rocks were stacked on them till their chests collapsed. The Salem community consisted of five hundred individuals who were very pious.
Though Good and Osborn denied their guilt, Tituba confessed. Likely seeking to save herself from certain conviction by acting as an informer, she claimed there were other witches acting alongside her in service of the devil against the Puritans. As hysteria spread through the community and beyond into the rest of Massachusetts, a number of others were accused, including Martha Corey and Rebecca Nurse–both regarded as upstanding members of church and community–and the four-year-old
Under the threat of punishment Tituba confessed to being confined with the devil. After confessing, Tituba named off other “witches” living in Salem including Sarah Good, Goody Osburn, and Bridget Bishop. Tituba claimed that she saw these women with the
that mentioned her after this point in time. the Reverend Paris said he would pay the fee to get Tituba out of prison. Colony rules stated that even when someone is found innocent, you still must pay for the resources used while you were in jail. The expenses included an imprisonment fee and the cost to feed them as well. They could not be released unless these fees were paid for.
The population was highly influenced by West Indian slaves’ superstitions and tales. While this was happening, the slave Tituba, was in Samuel Parris’ house, who was the Salem minister of the time. She started telling them about witches and devil-related stories and tales. Specially telling them to Betty Parris and Abigail Williams, Samuel’s daughter and niece. These girls were starting to believe this stories little by little until one day, they came to the conclusion that two other women and themselves, were possessed.
Throughout history, there have been many literary studies that focused on the culture and traditions of Native Americans. Native writers have worked painstakingly on tribal histories, and their works have made us realize that we have not learned the full story of the Native American tribes. Deborah Miranda has written a collective tribal memoir, “Bad Indians”, drawing on ancestral memory that revealed aspects of an indigenous worldview and contributed to update our understanding of the mission system, settler colonialism and histories of American Indians about how they underwent cruel violence and exploitation. Her memoir successfully addressed past grievances of colonialism and also recognized and honored indigenous knowledge and identity.
Bless him (She is rocking on her knees sobbing in terror) (Miller.1.134).” This confession is an obvious implication of acting without thinking, which, can be another reason for the hysteria. Due to the quick decision she made it impacted the girls greatly because most measures they took were not well-thought out. Immediately after the impetuous actions Tituba took the girls followed in her steps by falsely accusing many innocent civilians in Salem. Tituba: “(...)
The odd behavior the girls displayed were uncontrollable seizures, profane screaming, and trance-like states. (“The Salem Witch Trials, 1692”)
The Truth: During the late seventeenth century in Salem, Massachusetts Bay, Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams were found dancing in the forest by Samuel Parris (minister of Salem). Later on, both of them started to do violent movements and to scream randomly. A doctor theorized that the young girls were acting strange because they were bewitched. Afterwards, different young girls in the area started to have resembling behaviors.
Review of Literature The religiously motivated Salem witch trials of 1692 left a permanent stain on Massachusetts’ history, but one overlooked factor could have sparked the tragic ordeal. The trials are best summarized as an inexplicable and unforeseen frenzy of accusations, aimed at the social pariahs of the community, that led to multiple deaths in a previously tranquil place. An intense type of food poisoning known as convulsive ergotism provides a seemingly simple, yet understandably deceptive to the ignorant, explanation. Due to optimum conditions for the disease, the correlation between the bewitched and the expected symptoms, and the religious fanaticism of the time, one can conclude ergotism was an influence on the Salem witch trials.
Because she feel the ‘others’ as danger, this leads to an urge to confront it or flee from it. Considering the general overview of 1690s in Salem, Massachusetts, it is observed that the government is ruled by theocracy, the rules which appointed by God are governed by the religious