Deforestation can be more dangerous than the total exhausts emissions of all the cars and trucks in the world. The Telegraph newspaper, for instance, stated that deforestation accounts for approximately fifth of greenhouse gas emissions per year which is more than the whole transportation forms combined together (Gray, L. 2009). Forests have a real effect on local climate systems and can also influence the amount of daylight retained by the planet. For example, a report in The Guardian newspaper about climate change indicated the following “a new area of trees in a snowy region may create more warming than cooling overall by darkening the land surface and reducing the amount of sunlight reflected back to space” (The Guardian, 2011). As a consequence, deforestation should be controlled and the governments should take this issue
In Indonesia, deforestation involves long-term loss of forest across much of the country. Indonesia is home to some of the most biologically diverse forests in the world. It has the fastest rate of deforestation in the past 12 years as the country burns down its forests without any attempt to protect them. The country has lost 15.8 million hectares of forest in the last 12 years. Between 2000 and 2003, the rate of deforestation was one million hectares in a year.
The Pachamama Alliance Organization claims that, “the tropical rainforests of South America are responsible for 20% of earth’s oxygen.” This proves the earth relies greatly on forests and may suffer consequences because of the speedy rate trees are being cut down. Deforestation also takes away the indigenous forest peoples’ homes and their ways of living. The World Wildlife Fund says that “three hundred million people worldwide live in forests and 1.6 billion depend on them for their livelihoods.” Cutting down trees destroys the habitats of the species that have lived and depended on the forests their whole lives. What happens when the people who live in the forest lose their homes? (Hypophora) It is not fair to the people who call the forest their home to lose their way of living.
Almost thirty percent of the human population expend wood as a heat source. Several scientists say that burning wood is one of the top causes of deforestation. In the tropical forest, over thirty five percent of the wood that people cut down is used for fuel. What countless people fail to think about is the impact that using wood as fuel has on the forest. Although, the reason why people exploit wood as an alternate heat source is, for it is cheaper than electric or gas heat sources.
When there are fewer trees, less water vapor is released into the air, which means an imbalance occurs and we start to see the effects of global warming and temperature rises. As well as causing a rise in the global temperature, deforestation affects the air that we breathe. This is because all trees take in carbon dioxide and other pollutants which are known to cause a lot of problems in the atmosphere. This inevitably results in all of us breathing dirtier and more polluted air than we otherwise would. Deforestation pollutes the are causing polluted air to be mixed with oxygen.
The deforested trees release greenhouse gases that were stored, into the atmosphere which takes part in polluting the air. In Lauren Bennett’s article, “Deforestation and Climate Change,” she states, “As burning trees occurs, it can release hundreds of years worth of stored carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.” Her idea shows the disadvantage of causing harm to trees. Furthermore, she explains that the carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere accounts for about 25% of greenhouse gas production (Bennett). The release of carbon dioxide is one-fourth of the cause that damages the atmosphere by increasing the effects of climate change. Trees hold the carbon dioxide in, so once they are damaged, they will release the carbon dioxide.
Forests store carbon dioxide as they grow and mature, yet when they are degraded or cleared, by means of deforestation, the carbon stored is released back into the atmosphere. Deforestation causes soil erosion, habitat destruction and loss of biological diversity. It destroys the habitats of millions of species which could lead to their extinction, also causing destruction in the biological food chains and balance of the ecosystems. Deforestation leaves soil bare to erosion and leaching. This will lead to the soil losing its fertility over time.
Now another natural cause of global warming is the rising of the seas. The biggest reason for sea level rising is that global warming is causing the air to be warmer and that 's causing glaciers and ice-caps to melt. Sea level rise would affect about 11 out of the 15 biggest cities in the world. The reason this is happening because gases are being released into the atmosphere which is causing the temperatures to rise, which causes the seas to rise. Sea level rising means more money that we have to spend for people living on the coastlines because coastal populations are growing and people are crowding into coastal areas and that area could be underwater in a few years if sea levels keep rising how they have been.
Not only does illegal logging and deforestation lead to lower land area with forest cover, but it also accounts for approximately 11% of carbon emissions.” this means that illegal logging is one of the leading causes of climate changes, which can easily turn into serious disaster like flood, tornado, and drought etc. however that’s not all, illegal logging not just change the climates, but also responsible for the disappearing of forest around the world. she also claims that illegal logging caused serious problem for biodiversity. Species from both plants and animals that are short in numbers are approaching to extinction even more. The pace of species loss has increased significantly these days.
Climate change has become one of the most major problems the world faces today. The World Bank Data in 2010 states that greenhouse gas emissions are increasing 6% faster than urban populations. Greenhouse gas emissions, or the greenhouse effect, is caused by the atmosphere absorbing heat from the sun. This helps the Earth stay warm, however, the generation of heat by burning fossil fuels is slowly destroying the planet, increasing the carbon dioxide or PPM (parts per million) in the air, which leads to air pollution. The World Health Organization states every year, an average of 3.3 million deaths have been counted due to air pollution.