To Build A Fire And The Jungle Book Analysis

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Charles Darwin, the inventor of the evolutionary theory, believed that our genetics are shaped over time by the patterns of natural selection and the surrounding environment. According to the theory, even humans are susceptible of such process and are guaranteed no free will as the surrounding is what shapes and determines the lives of each individual. Naturalism – the literary theory that one’s surroundings and background dictates their fate and often the exposure of the indifference of nature to human struggle – has been the theme of many pieces of literature that depicts the miseries of human life and its tendency to converge towards the society’s pre-set standards. Jack London and Upton Sinclair are amongst the most notorious writers throughout American naturalistic literature. Published in 1908, Jack London’s “To Build A Fire” illustrates the impotent attempts of a man to survive in the Alaska 's winter all alone, eventually being subjected under the formidable powers of nature. Similarly, Upton Sinclair’s novel “The Jungle” portrays the exploitation of labor in the United States and uncovers the health violations and unsanitary practices in the American meatpacking industry in light of the inescapable pressures of the capitalist society. Throughout “To Build A Fire” by Jack London and “The Jungle” by Upton Sinclair, the authors effectively emphasizes the naturalistic element of an unavoidable force of nature through the use of conflict, diction, and symbolism. Both
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