Novelist Harper Lee, in her book To Kill a Mockingbird, depicts the racism and inequalities in the town of Maycomb by having a white man, Atticus Finch, defend Tom Robinson who was black. Lee’s purpose is to show the world is unfair between races and we need to have compassion for others. She adopts a serious tone to appeal to people’s morals to do the right the thing by those seeking changes for equality. Throughout his closing argument, Atticus ensures credibility, mentioning God, and by presenting evidence that Tom Robinson is not guilty but someone in the courtroom is, to explain Mayella’s reasoning to lie. When Atticus presented the “circumstantial evidence to indicate Mayella Ewell was beaten savagely by someone who led almost exclusively with his left hand”, he mentions Mr. Ewell “did what any God-fearing .
What he realizes, is that “very few Americans will directly proclaimed that they are in favor of black people being left to the streets. But a very large number of Americans will do all they can to preserve the Dream” (Coates 33). He believes that it is not necessarily all intentional, just whites being stuck in the mindset of how they think America needs to operate, which unfortunately does not always take black rights into consideration. By launching into anecdotes about his own discovery of the brutally honest Malcolm X, the readers are able to better understand where his ideas of human selfishness exacerbate the issue of
The poet, Lascelles Abercrombie once said, “There is only one thing which can master the perplexed stuff of epic material into unity; and that is, an ability to see in particular human experience some significant symbolism of man 's general destiny.”. He talked about how powerful of a tool symbolism is and how it is the only thing that can truly define a highly complex ‘destiny’ or series of events. Symbolism is something that is found throughout Harper Lee’s book, To Kill a Mockingbird. Lee shows the reader that racism is a product of society,she portrays the matter through her symbolism of the mad dog, the birds and the bugs. Firstly, Lee depicts the mad dog to represent racism and foreshadows Atticus’ willingness to shoot it, which shows that he wants to abolish racism.
To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee contains various examples of racism and prejudice throughout the novel. The story takes place in the 1930's, a period when racism was a part of everyday life. Prejudice and racism in this book are represented by acts of hate towards others because of the color of their skin. In this novel, prejudice and racism was dominantly pointed towards blacks. Acts of racism can be discreet to the point that you can easily miss them.
He shows tolerance for other races and cultures and believes that those who walk this earth are all equals. Atticus proves his beliefs by running to court and defending an African American man in a rape case. Mayella Ewell proclaimed that Tom Robinson raped her despite definitive evidence showing that it was a prevarication. Atticus knew this, but still knew that he would lose the shell due to it being the word of a white man versus a dark adult male. He resolved to proceed with the event anyway and used up on enormous quantities of hatred for his activities.
In the book, “To Kill a Mockingbird,” by Harper Lee, the author writes about what happens in the small southern town of Maycomb, in Alabama. Lee uses the influence of belief in traditions such as roles and family bonds to show that they are causes of conflict. Throughout the book, roles such as gender, age, race, and family confines characters to act, look, and even speak certain ways, causing internal, external, and family conflicts. This theme that different types of roles and family bonds are the root of conflict is developed through the use of physical setting, anti stereotype, and historical setting The author shows that Scout faces external conflicts caused by the pressure to fit into the stereotypical gender roles accustomed to girls at this time in history. Lee uses anti stereotype to emphasize this.
In To Kill a Mockingbird, an example of this is when Atticus says, "Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird" (Lee 119). When Atticus says this, he is explaining that “to kill a mockingbird” means, “a sense of innocence”. To Kill a Mockingbird is a classic and contains all the elements of one, including the element of
The author of To Kill A Mockingbird Harper Lee had wrote Atticus to say “...it is a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (Lee 103). He said this to Scout and Jem because mockingbirds give nothing but music for the world to enjoy and it would be cruel and uncalled for to take their life. The reason Lee wrote this is because the story has a few metaphorical mockingbirds. In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, Atticus Finch, Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are all metaphorically portrayed as mockingbirds because of their good deeds and pure hearts, such as the birds. Mr. Atticus Finch has been proven multiple times in the story that he is a good hearted gentleman that only wishes to do the right thing.
Both articles incorporate the themes in To Kill A Mockingbird. In the book To Kill A Mockingbird, three themes are facing reality, losing hope, and the power of words. The first theme of To Kill A Mockingbird is facing reality. In the article Lynching, the men of the 20th century with courage must shed light on their disapproval of lynching people of color. In the text it says,
To Kill A Mockingbird You never really understand a person until you consider things from their point of view - Until you climb into his skin and walk around in it. My topics were how is empathy demonstrated or learned by Atticus, How is Empathy demonstrated by Scout and How is empathy demonstrated or learned by Jem. How is empathy shown throughout the characters among the storyline? Atticus believes that not only black people but everyone deserves a fair go whether it's a court case or not. When Tom Robinson was accused of raping Mayella Ewell everyone in Maycomb was for the side of Bob Ewell and Mayella, The white people always put their word before a black man's word.
In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses allusions to help the reader to understand the setting, and irony to show character and develop theme. Prejudice, in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, is described as the “simple hell people give other people without even thinking”, and the novel powerfully portrays examples of racial and social prejudice. Body Paragraph #1: Harper Lee uses allusions to help the reader better understand the setting to better understand the book and it’s many themes. A part of a quote from chapter one states, “disturbance between the North and South”. This refers to the Civil War in 1861-1865, which gives the reader an estimated time period of which the book took place in, also relating to the segregation.
Atticus and Mr. Tate knew that Boo would be killed if the town found out that he had killed Bob Ewell, and so they agreed that Mr. Ewell fell on his knife. When Atticus asked Scout if she understood the situation, she said “...Mr. Tate was right... it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird, wouldn’t it?” (Lee, p. 276). Scout plainly said that Boo Radley is a mockingbird and the events in the story prove it to be true. To kill a mockingbird is to kill one’s innocence and although there were other “mockingbirds” in the book, Jem Finch and Boo Radley were definitely important ones. Their innocence was killed by the evil in the world around them and that’s what makes them mockingbirds.
Atticus told Jem one day “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird”(103). The bluejays were referring to people that harm others without any reason, basically the bullies in Maycomb. The mockingbirds refer to the people who did not do anything bad so why get them into problems without them doing anything bad. This can be better said with Jem and Scout discussing, “Why couldn’t I mash him?’ I asked. ‘Because they don’t bother you,’ Jem answered in the darkness” (273).