An example/quote, of his desire for equality is this quote, “…Gentlemen, a court is no better than each man of you sitting before me on this jury. A court is only as a sound as it jury, and a jury is only as a sound as the men who make it up….” (Lee 274). This quote explains a reason, Atticus did help a black man in front of many. If he did not want things to be equal, then why he would help him in the first place. Another example Atticus said, “A nigger-lover is just one of those terms that don 't mean anything—like
The Ewells had a made a fake case to make a statement and because a black man was living better than a white man was in this day in age. The nonequality within the courthouse was one of the main reasons it went the way it did. The courthouse was supposed to be the one place where everyone is equal no matter the skin color. A place where people tell the truth under God’s name without getting judged by people or hurt for someone chooses to stand up for. Racism is still alive whether you go down south or up the street.
Judge Taylor was polling the jury “Guilty… guilty...guilty...guilty...” (Lee 282). Although this could be argued that Tom was convicted dou to the fact that he is black, but ultimately people deep inside will do anything to avoid the risk of endangering their
Before the abolishment of slavery, the white uses the Bible to rationalize what they have done to the African-American people during that time. In James Baldwin’s “Going to Meet the Man”, readers could see how Jesse, the protagonist, uses the religious perspective to rationalize the way how he degrades the African-American people as well, which can also be interpreted as the way how he defends his masculinity as a white man. In order to show that the African-American is actually the mistake of the almighty creator -- God, he says “The niggers. What had the good Lord
Johnnie Cochran's closing argument during the O.J Simpson uses all three rhetorical appeals to try and convince the jury of O.J Simpson's innocence. To begin with, he uses Ethos by bring up a quote by Frederick Douglas that discusses the equality of all men and implying that if they vote O.J Simpson guilty it would be unethical because of his race. Next he appeals to pathos by using the statement "We haven't reached this goal yet, but certainly in this great county of ours, we're trying" to give a sense of both disappointment and pride first by showing that we haven't overcome discrimination yet but then that we still live in a great place that is striving. Finally, he appeals to logos in the first and last statements stating the fact that
Courage Does Not Always Roar Atticus demonstrates courage when he goes through with Tom Robinson’s case and gives his best effort to help Tom win the case, even though everyone is against him doing the trial. Tom Robinson is a black man in the 1930’s who has been accused of falsely raping a white woman and Atticus is planning on representing him. Mr. Link Deas provides insight about the trial and tells Atticus, “You’ve got everything to lose from this Atticus.” Atticus replies, “Link, that boy might go to the chair, but he’s not going till the truth 's told… And you know what the truth is” (Lee 195). Even though Atticus most likely will not win, he still goes through with the case because he wanted to show the real evidence and show Tom did
Towards the middle of the book, Atticus, as he is a lawyer, decides to defend an innocent black man, Tom Robinson in court. During Atticus’s speech to the jury, he says “You know the truth and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women- black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). Atticus argues that it would be unfair and unjust to convict a man just because he is black. Everyone is born equal; your skin colour does not define the way you act and behave.
She based some of the characters in To Kill a Mockingbird on people involved in that trial. For example, Tom is similar to the nine boys in the original trial because they were both defending themselves against the word of a white person. No matter the evidence that was presented, it was not possible for an African American to win. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus says “In our courts, when it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man always wins.” (Lee, 224) In conclusion, throughout her book To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee shows us how life really was at that time. Racism was causing people to think badly of others that were different from them.
When in the court, he exercises his empathy for Tom Robinson to the jury as well by claiming that he is,”confident that you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this defendant to his family” (Lee 209). Unlike the majority of the population, Atticus was fully empathetic of a man that was accused of assault and rape because his judgment was not shrouded by a cloud of bias like the audience, jury, and the judge. He knows that the court case may take part in public humiliation; therefore, he keeps on the low and makes his points concisely to prevent the chaotic nature that the public hopes for. His empathy for the situation of Tom Robinson stretches to clearing his name as well as his reputation as a human, and in those times of social racism, that was not common. Atticus also had habits that were consistent with his display of instinctive empathy in his daily
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others.
Atticus shows courage by defending a black man in court in his extremely racist town. Judge Taylor asked Atticus to defend the black man, Tom Robinson who was on trial for his life. The judge knew Atticus would fight for Tom fairly. Atticus accepted this challenge knowing that the citizens of Maycomb may disagree with his decision. He believed every individual was equal and Atticus felt it was his obligation to represent him to the best of his ability.
Atticus alludes the jury to two of the most famous men in the era. When Atticus is saying this to the jury and everyone else he is saying that not everyone will play the role that they are given. Just because Tom Robinson is African-American doesn’t mean that he is bad and will do unlawful things. Another example of allusion is when Atticus is asking Mayella about what Tom Robinson did to her. He says, “It 's not an easy question Miss Mayella, so I 'll try again.