Bob Ewell depicts the stereotypical white supremacist, Atticus on the other hand chooses his morals over the society’s expectations. When brought the case of Tom Robinson, an alleged black rapist, any lawyer in Maycomb would’ve immediately denied Tom. Atticus chose to defend him, even though he knew he had no chance of winning. He told Scout that he must argue it to uphold his sense of justice and respect, Atticus knew Tom deserved someone to fight for him. This all ties in with what Atticus told Scout,“Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it.
A very similar thing happens in To Kill a Mockingbird, when Bob Ewell accuses Tom Robinson of raping his daughter Mayella, but Atticus proves that it was most likely Bob who did it. Bob Ewell, Mayella’s dad, the person who should be protecting her at all costs. The most common injustice in the novel appears when the kids find the case between Tom Robinson and the Ewell family to be unfair, highly illogical, and racist. When the verdict of guilty is revealed to the town, Jem becomes upset and says, “You just can’t convict a man on evidence like that- you can’t”
It was said that his mom taught him to whistle before a hard word. Emmett Till since the age of five suffered from polio. The white clerk didn 't know and was insulted and told her husband. Emmett Till was kidnapped, tortured, and killed by J.W Milam and Roy Bryant, husband and friend of the clerk. When they found his body they couldn 't identify it.
Near the end of the book, the mockingbird shows up again but this time to represent a certain person. “Underwood simply figured it was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing sitting, or escaping. He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children…” -pg 241. The mockingbird indicates Tom Robinson’s innocence. It’s a sin to kill a mockingbird like it was a sin to kill Tom.
All in all Tom dies for no reason and represents a mockingbird because of that. Overall, Harper Lee uses characterization in To Kill a Mockingbird to show that the innocent should be protected. Jem loses his innocence first when he realizes that Boo Radley in a victim. After that Boo is victimized by the town because he stays inside unlike everyone else. Lastly Tom is taken advantage of by the Ewells and it cost him his life.
In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Tom Robinson and Arthur “Boo” Radley are two characters who represent the mockingbird. In the midst of finding who Boo truly is, Atticus Finch explains to his children, Jem and Scout, that it is a sin to kill the bird because they don’t do anything but make music. As the story progresses, and the two “mockingbirds” are being accused and attacked both verbally and physically, the identity of the mockingbirds surfaces. Tom Robinson was a crippled African American man whose left arm was a foot shorter than his right, where it was caught in a cotton gin. He was trying to help out Mayella Ewell by gathering firewood and chopping dressers because he felt sorry for her, but was accused of rape because of his color.
Harper Lee shows examples of Atticus’ beliefs in Tom Robinson, by stating “ Tom Robinson a colored black man, Jem no jury in this part of the world is going to say your guilty, but not everyone gets a charge like that. It was either a straight acquitical or nothing. (Chapter16, page 219) Harper also indicates the Parenting of Jem and Scout by saying I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea tht courage is a man with a gun in his hand. Its when you know you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it though no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do.
The main theme of racism can be summed up by one quote spoken by Atticus Finch, “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” (Lee, 2004, p. 98). This device of symbolism represents mockingbirds such as Tom Robinson as innocent creatures prejudiced by society based on race and misconceived beliefs. It is a sin to kill a mockingbird as they have done no wrong and committed no crime. An event that reinforces this theme is the murder of Tom Robinson and how it can be compared to the senseless slaughter of songbirds. Atticus challenges the theme of racism by defending Tom Robinson in court to the absolute best of his ability, despite his community’s disapproval.
Giles Corey tries to defend Jacobs and is asked for proof. When Giles Corey is asked for proof he responds, “The proof is here! If Jacobs hangs for a witch he forfeits up his property, that’s the law! And there is none but Putnam with the coin to buy so great a piece. This man is killing his neighbors for their land” (Miller 96)!
The coexistence of good and evil is found deeply embedded in every great story. Complex themes are born from this relationship and many can be found scattered in Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird. The novel takes place in the 1930s and it revolves around the Finch siblings, Jem and Scout, as they grow up in the south and start to discover the truth about their society with their father, Atticus Finch, who is a talented lawyer, and the people of Maycomb County. During this era of hate, Atticus is charged with the task of defending Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of rape. As Jem and Scout start to grow up and realize the racism of their community, people like Miss Maudie, Dill, and many others that reside in Maycomb County, encounters many events that start to shape the siblings for better or worse.
Atticus and Mr. Tate knew that Boo would be killed if the town found out that he had killed Bob Ewell, and so they agreed that Mr. Ewell fell on his knife. When Atticus asked Scout if she understood the situation, she said “...Mr. Tate was right... it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird, wouldn’t it?” (Lee, p. 276). Scout plainly said that Boo Radley is a mockingbird and the events in the story prove it to be true. To kill a mockingbird is to kill one’s innocence and although there were other “mockingbirds” in the book, Jem Finch and Boo Radley were definitely important ones. Their innocence was killed by the evil in the world around them and that’s what makes them mockingbirds.
Emmett was left mutilated and horrendous looking for all of the world to see when his mother decided to have an open-coffin funeral. News of Emmett’s story spread through the nation like a forest fire, outraging and devastating people all over, saying how brutal the murder was, or how it wasn’t brutal enough. Emmett’s trial took place less than 2 weeks after he’d been killed, and somehow his trial was more unfair than his death. During trial, Mr. Breland harassed Till’s Uncle Mose, “And yet you could see clearly, clearly enough to accuse to white men of murder, to claim that the men on your porch were Mr. Bryant and Mr. Milam over there… No problem with white folks, yet there you sit accusing two of our upstanding white citizens of barging into your home in the middle of the night, pointing a gun and a flashlight in your face, and hauling off your nephew”(170/171). Even though Bryant and Milam both admitted to kidnapping Emmett, the possibility of the two men not even being there to take Emmett is beyond irrational, even when both men stated their names at Moses 's door.
Would you agree it would be horrible if not sinful to harm something good and innocent like perhaps a mockingbird? In the book To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee Atticus, the narrator’s father, says “Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” (pg.119) when telling her what she can and can’t shoot with her new air gun. Scout tells us that Atticus never says something is a sin; so why would he say that maybe to teach her it’s bad to harm a good and innocent creature. Atticus’s quote means more than just it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird but that it is wrong to harm or kill something that is innocent and does only good. The mockingbird is just a symbol of something that does only good because they don’t nest where they aren’t wanted; they don’t
There are many character in the book considered a mockingbird,but most poeple think that Boo Radlet isn’t one of them because of all the rumors that spread about Boo Radley.He’s a mockingbird because when Jem and Scout were getting in a fight with Mr.Ewel.While they were fighting Boo Radley was there to save them by killing MR.Ewel. Not only does he savethe children by killing Mr.Ewell, but also by carrying Jem back to Atticus.This proves that Boo Radley is a mockingbird.Boo Radley life style is affected by rumors people made up about him. People
Atticus told Jem one day “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird”(103). The bluejays were referring to people that harm others without any reason, basically the bullies in Maycomb. The mockingbirds refer to the people who did not do anything bad so why get them into problems without them doing anything bad. This can be better said with Jem and Scout discussing, “Why couldn’t I mash him?’ I asked. ‘Because they don’t bother you,’ Jem answered in the darkness” (273).