The evidence boils down to you-did-I-didn 't. The jury couldn 't possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson 's word against the Ewells, '" Atticus solemnly explains this to his brother. First of all, Atticus demonstrates courage when he undertakes the task of defending Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of rape. Atticus knows he won 't win the case and like Mrs. Dubose in her battle against morphine, he is "licked" before he begins. Nevertheless, Atticus knows that Tom is innocent and that he must fight for him, since no one else will.
The reason why Atticus defended a black man and did what most everyone would never think of doing is because of justice and civilly going against the norm. The character, a lawyer named Atticus, also endangers not only his own life but his family's, by defending a Negro. He believes he is protecting an innocent man. Even though he is black. Atticus could not live with himself if he failed to give his utmost effort in clearing the accused, Tom Robinson’s, name.
He’ll arise in front of everyone and confront them even if he knows that the chance of winning is minor. The accusation of Tom Robinson’s rape was incorrect, however, it was a black’s voice against a white’s. Atticus went several times for Tom’s rescue despite the consequences, Atticus states “I don’t know, but they did it. They’ve done it before and they did it tonight and they’ll do it again and when they do it—seems that only children weep.” Atticus will try everything he can to protect the unfortunate man, Tom Robinson, but the whites are believed to have more privileges in the community. He believes in equality even though it might endanger him.
Whilst trying to prove Abigail and the other girls were pretending, John confesses, “I have known her [Abigail], sir” (3.110). The fact that he is willing to confess such a heavy sin for this purpose is a huge deal. He willingly, albeit reluctantly, soils his name and reputation to bring the truth to light. In the end, Proctor refuses to give a false confession that would condemn the others who were falsely accused. He decided what he felt was right and refused to stray from it.
“He also is willing to stand up against the odds-he knows he’s ‘licked’ before he even begins” (Text 2). Atticus knows he will not be able to win this case even if Tom Robinson is innocent. Unfortunately the town and the jury are corrupt and will not give Tom a fair trial. Almost anyone can see that Atticus Finch defends Tom Robinson to show compassion through the “Golden Rule” and set an example for his children. Atticus is an idealist and knows what is right and what is wrong.
From the very beginning when Atticus explained to Scout why he decided to defend Tom Robinson he knew they had been “licked a hundred years before we started”(101). Despite that Atticus had to go on. The moral compass of Atticus Finch was a strong one that wouldn’t allow him to let an innocent man go without a proper defense. Knowing that Calpurnia trusted Tom Robinson and after hearing Tom’s side of the story he had to belief that Tom Robinson was an innocent man. His defense, despite being futile to an all white jury in 1930s Alabama, was well written and presented.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch uses several forms of persuasion to convince his audience of Tom Robinson’s innocence. These forms include Pathos, Logos, and Ethos – although he uses them all multiple times, Pathos is the form that is most used. Atticus is trying to provoke guilt out of the jury, and wants them to push aside their prejudice and see the obvious fact that Tom Robinson did not commit the crime of raping Mayella Ewell. The most powerful Pathos phrase he uses is, “…the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immortal, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women – black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men.
Throughout the whole trial there are multiple times when anyone who reads the novel knows that he is not getting a fair shake. The first time is when Atticus delivers his closing remarks and he says something that is very powerful and also very true about the case and Tom receiving an unfair trial, “To begin with, this case should never have come to trial. This case is as simple as black and white” (Lee 203). What Atticus explains is that no matter how plain it is to everyone that Tom is innocent and could not have commited the crime, it does not matter because one thing is certain, Tom is black. And the jury being white means he has no chance at winning, it’s truly sad, but during the time of the trial that 's just how society works.
Atticus is the obviously the main character in the novel that shows courage and bravery by defending an African in court, even though he knows there is no possible way of winning the case he still must try to just so he can ‘uphold his sense of justice and self-respect’, because Atticus thoroughly believes that Tom Robinson is one-hundred percent innocent. Atticus stated: “I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It 's when you know you 're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do.”, he is still brave enough to stand up in front of the racist community and try to plead a black man innocent even though he, himself is a white man. Scout shows bravery throughout the text by always not being afraid to fight boys for example Walter Cunningham Jr. and Francis.
Finally Muhammad Ali was a very brave soul. The will it took to say no to the people of America and not fight in Vietnam was tremendous. Even when he was threatened with jail time and public opprobrium, he stood his ground and didn't back down. All three of these historical people were very courageous