THE SCOTTSBORO TRIALS There were nine African American teenagers aboard a freight train during March of 1931 in Jackson County, Alabama (Alex 1). All nine of the teenagers were accused of raping two white women and were convicted by a white jury (1). All of the teenagers except the youngest were sentenced to death (1). This case sparked controversy that continues
The fox saw a crippled negro man deploying his last strengths, and it preyed on him, mutilating him with each of their seventeen barraging bullets. Everyone in their right mind understands that murder is wrong. However, many southerners of Tom Robinson’s time stood by and watched injustice like his death take place. Others, like Atticus Finch, did not allow bigotry to cloud their judgement and agree that Tom should not have been shot. Tom, a young black man living in Maycomb County Alabama, had been convicted of rape, a capital offense, by a jury biased by his race.
Tom was accused of raping a white woman who was Mayella Ewell, Mayella said he raped her while he was helping her with chores. She later on tells the readers that it was false allegations. The reason why she didn 't tell the truth at her first trial was because, Mayella was afraid of being embarrassed because she kissed a black male. She rather have an innocent man get charged with a crime than that. “However, Robinson was transferred from the state prison to Maycomb 's county jail on Saturday, two days before he stood trial on Monday, and Atticus had to defend him against a lynch mob”.
In chapters 17-24 in To Kill A Mockingbird, Jem and Scout observe their father in court defending Tom Robinson (a black man) from the accusations of the Bob Ewell (a "low grade ' ' white man). Bob Ewell accuses Tom Robinson of sexually assaulting his daughter; Mayella Ewell. Before the fate of Tom Robinson is given in the possession of the jury, both lawyers have a final attempt at convincing the jury that Tom Robinson should/shouldn 't be prosecuted. Atticus starts off his closing remarks with the fact that he believes that the case should have never come to trial and that the case "”is as simple as black and white." Atticus uses his credibility as a renowned lawyer in Maycomb County and his confidence in Tom Robinson 's to prove the jury of Tom 's innocence.
About 20,000 innocent people in the U.S. are in prison for crimes they didn’t commit, according to the Huffington Post. This fact is relates to the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, where readers follow the main character, Scout, as she endeavors to understand her cryptic, Southern-Alabaman community. More specifically, the notorious trial of Tom Robinson, a local black man who has been accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a young white woman. Although Judge Taylor specifically appointed Atticus to represent Tom, the trial was unfair because the jury ignored the concrete evidence presented by the defense. The witnesses in the trial presented convoluted versions of what happened the night of November twenty-first, the night that Tom
In To Kill a Mockingbird during chapter nine, Lee reveals the predominant racism throughout the town by illustrating Cecil Jacobs comments made about Atticus. On the playground, Cecil says, "Scout Finch’s daddy defended niggers.” In chapter 11, Jem and Scout are walking past Mrs. Dubose 's home when she starts making very derogatory and racist comments about Atticus. Mrs. Dubose shows her racist personality in the story by telling Jem, “Your father’s no better than the niggers and trash he works for!” Then once again in chapter 15, a lynch mob arrives at the Maycomb jail the night before the trial and tries to lynch Tom Robinson. By doing this, they show their racist ideology. After Tom 's death, Scout recites the town 's racist reaction by saying, “To Maycomb, Tom’s death was typical.
The Mockingbird named Tom Robinson “That’s why it is a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (100) To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel that revolves around America’s discriminatory problems in the 1930s. It is set in 1933-1935 in a fictional town in Alabama called Maycomb which is where a young man is tried for a crime that didn’t take place, the rape of a young woman. It is told from the view of three small children called Jem, Scout and Dill. It was published in 1960 by Harper Lee and won the Pulitzer prize the next year. In 2017, in total, it has sold at least 30,000,000 copies and has been translated in over 40 languages.
To Kill a Mockingbird was published right as the Civil Rights Movement peaked in the 1960s. Lee 's interest in the subject of civil injustices in the south began when she was just five years old. At the time, nine black men were on trial for raping two white women. This was a highly controversial and publicized trial. In the end, the nine men were sentenced to lengthy prison time.
Scottsboro Racism Paragraph The Scottsboro trials were a long horrific eighteen-year-long trial about eight black boys in Scottsboro, Alabama. According to Anderson in the video lecture “Scottsboro Boys” a large group of people had gotten on a train to find work when a large fight broke out on the train. The fight was between eight black men and a few white men, the train stopped in Scottsboro when two white women got off the train and accused the eight black men of rape. The eight boys were brought into court and trialed. There were multiple cases of racism in the Scottsboro trials, one included that all the boys were trialed together and in only one day.
Imagine that you are a black man that was caught at the scene of a crime that you did not commit, but you are to blame solely based on the color of your skin. Tom Robinson is a black man who is accused of raping a white girl named Mayella Ewell. Tom being black and Mayella white, he is automatically convicted of that crime and sentenced to death. The authorities would take the word of Mayella over Tom any day. Scout and Jem are the children of Atticus Finch, the lawyer who is trying to defend Tom Robinson in the court.
When Lee was about 6 years old (1931), the Scottsboro Trials was a highly publicised court case that involved several young African American men. In a small community in Alabama, nine young African American men were arrested as they hopped of a train they had been ‘riding the rails on’. Two white women also followed them out, and accused the men of raping them on the train. Now, this case has many parallels with TKAM, and also represents what society was like in the period that Lee grew up in. In both trials, young black men were accused of raping a young white girl; both were sentenced to jail and/or death (we don’t know what Tom Robinson’s sentence was because he died before he could receive it); and both lots of black men/man were found guilty.
The Scottsboro case was regarding the alleged rape of two white girls by nine Black teenage boys in Alabama. After the boys were not awarded a fair trial by an impartial jury, the boys were all convicted and sentenced to death. The Communist Party, recognizing the injustice of the situation and using the incident to hopefully gain more Black followers, took an interest in the case and funded one of the best lawyers in the country to appeal the decision. Hughes, witnessing the progress that the Communist Party had made towards equal rights and these boys specifically, sympathized with the radical group. He began writing radical poetry while travelling throughout the South on a book tour.
In his first trial, Wright was pressured by deputies to confess. He accused Charlie Weems and Clarence Norris of raping Price and Bates. Despite him later claiming his statements were coerced, his own trial ended in eleven jurors voting for a death sentence and one seeking life in prison. He spent the next six years in jail without a retrial before finally being released in January of 1937. In his first trial, Wright was pressured by deputies to confess.