While class and gender have a role in To Kill a Mockingbird, race is the most significant because the case of Tom Robinson led him to his death even though he was proven innocent, which proves the theme of racial injustice. One reason why race is the most significant role is because the trial of Tom Robinson involved racial injustice and inequality towards African Americans. During the trial scene of To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus says in his closing statement, “This case is not a difficult one. It requires no minute sifting of complicated facts, but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant… This case is as simple as black and white.”
One of the main themes of the novel is Racism. During the time of depression, racism and poverty were a common issue. People with a dark skin tone, i.e the African- Americans were seen as derogatory and treated like dirt. Harper Lee depicts it in a very realistic way.
Pure Injustice William Goodwin once said “No man knows the value of innocence and integrity but he who has lost them.” In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Scout Finch, a young girl, lives with her brother Jem and her father Atticus, a prominent lawyer, in the town of Maycomb, Alabama during the Great Depression. Due to Atticus’ high moral standards, he feels obligated to take on a case where he defends Tom Robinson, an African American. Robinson is being wrongfully accused of raping Mayella Ewell, who is part of the most disgraced family in the town. Throughout the book, the Finch children realize the extreme prejudice and social inequality of Maycomb.
Not only do they place stereotypes on Boo, they place stereotypes on those of different races, mainly blacks, and never question or think they are wrong. These exaggerated rumors affect many of the people, and are viewed as acceptable because of the specific structure of the town. The stereotypes exemplify the disrespect the people have for each other and illustrate the solution needed to avoid this problem. Classism is also embedded into the structure of the town and often affects the lower classes, such as poor whites, mixed races, and blacks. This is displayed in the quote, “But I want to play with Walter, Aunty, why can’t I?”
Mr. Dolphus knows that he isn’t like the rest of the town so he tries to give people of the town a reason so he can still fit in (Lee 268). He tricks the folks of the town so the hate gets passed by false reasons. Mr. Dolphus is also presented as an outcast through the way people treat him so he has to hide his real personality. Harper Lee shows that outcast in our society are often treated different because of their opinions or actions. Truly, Mr. Dolphus he tries to hide his real self to keep peace in the town he lives in.
Morals and values often control one’s choices, and sometimes these decisions affect someone’s entire life. Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is a prime example of the importance of morals. During the 1930s in the southern town of Maycomb, Alabama, a non-racist, white lawyer, Atticus Finch, passes on his beliefs to his children, and they use his teachings to overcome challenges in their life. Atticus’s children’s, Jem and Scout, first encounter with an obstacle is when Atticus is tasked with defending an African American in court against a racist man named Bob Ewell that falsely accuses him of raping his daughter.
To Kill a Mockingbird, a classic tale with a meaning deeper than the simple story of childhood shenanigans, remains a staple in many classes throughout the US. The people of the town consistently express their racist values, and how there prejudice clearly divides white and black people. Beyond that, the contrast between knowing and not knowing consistently appears throughout the story. There are many different types of ‘not knowing,’ ranging from innocence to ignorance. The people of Maycomb are ignorant when it comes to race, and the Finch children are innocent and do not know what’s really involved with the case taken up by their father.
Martin Luther King Jr exclaimed, “I have a dream that one day little black boys and girls will be holding hands with little white boys and girls.” In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee uses the character of Scout as a narrator, to express the story of her father, Atticus Finch, who defended Tom Robinson in the small town of Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s. During the course of the book, Scout and Jem, Scout’s brother, learned crucial lessons from her dad, such as understanding people’s point of view and innocence. Even though separation according to race is encountered in To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee argues that race also shapes how people’s language, their social relationships and social status and their behavior between themselves because she wants to demonstrate that race also affects conduct between people.
Concerning the second charge, Gilmore as a prosecutor is elected by the public, and following the prior analysis of Alabama in the 1930s, without being part of the racialist society there was no other way for him to be elected. For his defends he reflects “the bigotry and racism of his time and place” (Vestil 4) , therefore integrates himself into the racially segregates society. The last state representative in To Kill a Mockingbird is Sheriff Heck Tate, who should enforce the law including separate but equal. However, when Bob Ewell comes to him and reports that his daughter had been raped, Tate comes with him and immediately arrests Tom Robinson. When in the end of the book, Bob Ewell is dead, Sheriff Tate’s does not start an investigation, but says that Bob Ewell fell on a knife.
To Kill A Mockingbird You never really understand a person until you consider things from their point of view - Until you climb into his skin and walk around in it. My topics were how is empathy demonstrated or learned by Atticus, How is Empathy demonstrated by Scout and How is empathy demonstrated or learned by Jem. How is empathy shown throughout the characters among the storyline? Atticus believes that not only black people but everyone deserves a fair go whether it's a court case or not.
Tom Robinson, who is a good and innocent person. But like Boo, the town of Maycomb decided they did not like him when he was convicted and it didn’t help that he was black. There are bad people in Maycomb, but there are also good people who get lumped into the evil
Even though “rape is capital offense in Alabama,” (293) meaning the prosecuted will be sentenced to death, the children could not believe the jury has sentenced a guiltless man to death. According to Atticus, it is a sad truth that an accused African-American has never won a court case and “when it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man always wins,” (295). Although it is a sad truth, Atticus believes
She did something that in our society is unspeakable: she kissed a black man.” (272) This shows how interaction with blacks is interpreted in their society. They are expected to not have any romantic relationships that intermix. This thought that the two groups of people are different and on is worse or better is just people passing on their own ideas to others. The prejudice towards blacks is very heavy in the book and is shown through many aspects.
Not only does race divide the town of Maycomb, it also dictates the ways in which characters conduct themselves in relationships. What are the hidden rules of conduct the people of Maycomb follow because of race? How does race structure relationship in term of power,language,and social status. What are the major ethical dilemmas of To Kill A Mockingbird and how do different characters resolve these dilemmas?What ethical system inform their resolution? Lastly, is the author Harper Lee challenging the status quo about race relation through To Kill A Mockingbird.