Atticus is an idealist and knows what is right and what is wrong. Atticus shows the importance of compassion and doing the right thing. “Atticus insists the truth about what occured at the Ewell house will be heard in court. This further illustrates his integrity” (Text
Finally, Atticus knows that if he does not defend Tom Robinson no one else will and Maycomb will remain racially segregated. Atticus knows that “The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in the courtroom, be he any colour of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box” (Lee 252). Atticus is stating that coloured people should at least have equality in the courtroom, but they do not as the jury is all anti-black
He then tries to transfer the audience’s pity to Tom Robinson, who is the real victim in the courtroom. He calls out the ‘witnesses’ for assuming that the jury would believe them just because of Robinson’s skin color. By doing this he appeals to the jury’s emotions by claiming that they are smarter than only judging on skin color. He addresses the racist prejudices that the jury might have had and tells them they are better than that, making them feel guilty for the racism they may have felt. Atticus tells the jury he is sure that they will make the right decision, saying, “Now I am confident that you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence that you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this man to his family.” He is putting additional pressure on them to make a choice based on facts and not on prejudiced ideas about race.
Throughout his closing arguments, Atticus is constantly trying to show both the jury and the people of Maycomb why this case should never have gone to trial and he does so with a lot of emotional appeal. An example of this is seen when he states “To begin with, this case should never have come to trial. This case is as simple as black and white” (271). This quote uses powerful language such as the phrase “as simple as black and white” which shows how a case with seemingly blatant evidence proving Tom Robinson’s innocence, is undermined by the prejudice which exists in society at the time. Atticus argues that the whole reason this case had ever gotten to this point is because of the racial inequality in Maycomb and throughout the country at the time.
To demonstrate, Tom Robinson’s verdict had just been announced, and Atticus, defeated, walks quickly down the aisle. Scout watches her father as he takes his lonely walk, hoping that her father will look up at her, but Atticus keeps his eyes to the floor. “Someone was punching me, but I was reluctant to take my eyes from the people below us, and from the image of Atticus’s lonely walk down the aisle. ‘Miss Jean Louise?’ I looked around. They were standing.
Atticus also says “i am confident that you gentlemen will review without compassion the evidence you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this defendant to his family. In the name of God, do your duty.” This is the strongest point that Atticus makes that alludes to the jury's sense of ethics, because when Atticus says God, it makes any of the jury who believes in a God which at that time most did it draws to their attention that Tom Robinson is a man with a family, that he is a human being and that is what God wants them to do. Atticus also uses logos many times. He says “the state has not produced one iota of medical evidence.” This makes the jury think about how valid
To begin with, Atticus demonstrates moral courage through his determination to defend Tom Robinson's case, despite of what his friends and neighbors have to say. He does what he thinks is right even if other people think it's wrong. In the book it says, “I’d hoped to get through life without a case of this.”(pg 70). This quote states that Atticus is doing something out of his comfort zone, which means that he is showing courage by taking this case. In addition, in the book it says, “I'm simply defending a Negro his name's Tom Robinson.” (pg 69).
1. Though there is an incredible amount of important characters in the novel, to me, the most significant character in Part 1 of To Kill a Mockingbird is Atticus Finch. His actions and treatment towards everyone and everything caused me think the most in comparison to the other characters. For instance, Atticus makes an important decision to defend Tom Robinson, a black man, in trial during Chapter 9, thus leading to harassment towards his family not only from school, but even from their own neighbor and a relative. While his actions put him and his family in trouble, Atticus still stands firm in his beliefs.
He was “born and bred” (Lee 5) and “related by blood or marriage to nearly every family in the town” (Lee 5) he can afford to offend Maycomb’s people, nevertheless, he will be reelected to the state legislature as every year. Atticus knows what he is getting into by taking on this case, and he knows that he cannot win against the racial animus. As a result, the social fabric in which the trial will take place, illustrates the typical class stratification in which racism and inequality rule. 3.2 The Trial – Its rights and structure The previous analysis depicted an environment of racialism and racism, where people aim to enforce their white supremacy when the trial of Tom Robinson begins. A traditional court in the United States usually consists of the representative of the jurisdiction of state, federal or local level.
Tom Robinson was a black man convicted of rape at a time when the Jim Crow laws were at their most potent, thus there was a large power divide between the white population and the black one. Since the jury was composed of all white men the odds facing Atticus’s success in this case where astronomical. However, Atticus chooses to take the case. In taking the case alone Atticus demonstrates great social courage, for social courage is when you persevere to the end of a task despite social adversity and pushback. This pushback is shown by multiple instances in which Jem and Scout are made fun of for their father is a “n****r lover”.