Racism is one of the most important and controversial social issues of the modern world. It has affected millions of people worldwide, and it is one of the deepest social problems that America has faced in history. The book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee talks of this history. To begin with, modern racism is a major problem that affects America today. Secondly, To Kill a Mockingbird though it mainly talks of racism in the south, gives a glimpse into the history of racism.
Every piece of literature is written with a purpose--whether it be to inform its audience or persuade them to change their stance on certain issues. Literature has shaped societies, exposed injustices and affected political spheres. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses diction and controversial plot points in order to influence her audience 's view on racism. These devices have proved to be controversial, with some schools complaining that the topics and language used to convey Lee’s opposition of racism cause some students to feel uncomfortable. Nevertheless, To Kill a Mockingbird remains to be one of the most widely taught works of literature and is renowned for ingraining readers with positive views against racism.
To Kill a Mocking Bird was a genius creation, written by Harper Lee, in this amazing novel she shows how prejudice and bias affected people on the daily basis in the small town of Maycomb in the early 1930s. During that time African Americans were mistreated because of the heavy prejudice against their skin color. The prejudice created by ignorant people in power who did not want toa see the world in someone else’s eyes, if people would just put themselves in African American shoes they would understand their mistakes and fix the problem. When people do not fully understand others they are creating prejudice and bias against them. Some interactions between whites and black were strictly forbidden by the society.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird it shows the problems and occurrences of how human inequality and diversity is brought up in the world. Racial comments, prejudice remarks, and judgement are all mentioned in the book. Although, the book is fiction, it brings up real life events that are still happening in the present time. The story takes place in Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930’s in that time anyone and everyone were judged by their life choices, skin color, social class, appearance, etc. Human society then was diverse into large groups of stereotypes.
In To Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee teaches us about the town of Maycomb County during the late 1930s, where the characters live in isolation and victimization. Through the perspective of a young Jean Louise “Scout” Finch, readers will witness the prejudice that Maycomb produces during times where people face judgement through age, gender, skin colour, and class, their whole lives. Different types of prejudice are present throughout the story and each contribute to how events play out in the small town of Maycomb. Consequently, socially disabling the people who fall victim from living their life comfortably in peace. Boo Radley and his isolation from Maycomb County, the racial aspects of Tom Robinson, and the decision Atticus Finch makes as a lawyer, to defend a black man has all made them fall in the hands of Maycomb’s prejudice ways.
To understand an individual, it is necessary to place ourselves in their shoes. In the novel, “To Kill A Mockingbird,” by Harper Lee, the author addresses the need for human understanding in order to destroy the evils of racial prejudice. Scout, the main character, is the representation of innocence due to being a pure, young girl who views her surroundings with an untainted perspective. She is inclined to consider people’s point of view in order to understand them. She is taught this by her father, Atticus, who risks everything as a lawyer to defend a black man who is accused for a crime that he did not commit.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee describes a town in Alabama known as Maycomb. This town is where a trial is being held for a black man by the name of Tom Robinson who is accused of sexually assaulting a troubled young white women named Mayella Ewell. The trial results charge Robinson as guilty even though he was innocent beyond a reasonable doubt. Tom Robinson fell victim to the racist mindset of the white people of Maycomb. The novel To Kill a Mockingbird demonstrates how racial injustice has a lasting impact on an individual and his loved ones when Tom Robinson gets convicted of a heinous crime that he did not commit.
“Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it.” Harper Lee had used the tragic situation of Tom Robinsons trial to explore many themes including, racism and differences in privilege. “To kill a mockingbird” written by Harper Lee explores many situations linked to the broad idea of racism throughout the systems of Maycomb and differences in privilege in many different ways. The quote that Atticus argues with explains that in Maycomb, all men and things are equal.
To the general public, Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is an exceedingly controversial book that has caused debate in the academic community for decades. The question is: should To Kill a Mockingbird be taught in schools? In my opinion, it should, due to its progressive nature and ability to teach critical morals to the reader. However, it should only be taught in schools if the teacher discusses the book’s controversy with their students.
In the novel, ‘To kill a mockingbird, Harper Lee demonstrates the small, imaginary town, the Maycomb County, as a place where racism and social inequality happens in the background of 1930s America. Not only the segregation between whites and blacks, but also the poor lived in a harsh state of living. As Scout, the young narrator, tells the story, Lee introduces and highlights the effects of racism and social inequality on the citizens of Maycomb County by using various characters such as Boo Radley, Tom Robinson, and Mayella Ewell. Firstly, Harper Lee portrays Boo Radley as a victim of social inequality through adjectives and metaphor in the phrase, “There was a long jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten;” ‘Long jagged scar that ran across his face’ tells us that Boo Radley has stereotype about his appearance, which forces to imagine Boo as a scary and threatening person. The phrase, ‘yellow and rotten’ make the readers think as if Boo Radley is poor and low in a social hierarchy, as he cannot afford to brush his teeth.