In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others. From this, the jury feels as if they have been mistreating Tom.
With that amount of respect and integrity, standing up for Tom Robinson makes sense. In chapter 10, Atticus told Jem and Scout, “Shoot all the bluejays you want if you hit’em, but remember its a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (pg.90). Atticus believes that killing a mockingbird or an innocent man for no reason is disobeying the Golden Rule. Therefore, when Atticus stood up Tom Robinson during the trial, he was treating Tom with the same respect as he has treated Mayella with. For instance, in chapter 11 Atticus explained to his children, “I wanted you to see what real courage is, not a man with a gun… it’s when you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway.” (pg.
When approached by Bob Ewell after the trial, Mr. Ewell spit on Atticus’s face, but “Atticus didn’t bat an eye, just took out his handkerchief and wiped his face and stood there and let Mr. Ewell call him names” (Lee 291). Instead of lashing out and making the situation worse, he was able to keep himself contained and away from further trouble. As humans, when someone does something that they didn’t appreciate, their first thought is usually revenge. Atticus’s first thought was to not make things worse and to have that necessary self-control. If Atticus had lashed out at Mr. Ewell, the community between that town and those two groups of people would have been even more disturbed than before.
To begin, the reader sees Atticus Finch’s unshakable morals in his fight against racial segregation in Maycomb. Firstly, even though Atticus is given an option to not take Tom Robinson’s case, he still takes it to help him. There are numerous reasons why Atticus Finch is Tom Robinson’s attorney, but, “the main one is, if I didn’t, I couldn’t hold my head up in town, I couldn’t represent the county in the legislature, I couldn’t even tell you or Jem not to do something again” (Lee 86). Atticus is stating that he could not live with himself if he did not help and defend an innocent man. This proves that Atticus has unshakable morals and is against racial segregation as he is fighting for a innocent black man who has been wrongfully convicted
During the trial in the book to kill a mockingbird by Harper Lee. The Lawyer Atticus Finch uses rhetorical appeals such as ethos, logos, and pathos tap into the jury's sense of ethics, logic and emotion to convey Tom Robinson, a black man, is innocence in a rape case. Atticus uses ethos many times throughout his closing argument, His most powerful ones are “I would like to… remind you that this case is not a difficult one… but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant”. This makes the jury think again because Atticus is forcing the jury to look in at their own morals when he says to be sure upon all reasonable doubt. Atticus also says “i am confident that you gentlemen will review without compassion the evidence you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this defendant to his family.
The first time we see the ambition of Atticus is on page 195. “-Don’t see why you touched it in the first place, you’ve got everything to lose Atticus. I mean everything.”(Lee,195). This excerpt is from when Mr. Heck Tate and Mr. Link Deas comes to inform Atticus that Mr.Robinson will be moved to to jail and that there will be a riot waiting for them. This shows Atticus’s ambition because he knows what the outcome of the case will be.
This pushback is shown by multiple instances in which Jem and Scout are made fun of for their father is a “n****r lover”. Secondly, Atticus knows he is going to lose the case for he knows that the moral character of Maycomb is not high enough to be able to see true innocence on account of evidence. This realization did not deter him, for he believed that “the one place a man should get a square deal is in a courtroom” (295). Thus he delivered on behalf of his morals and completed the case. This again shows moral courage, for Atticus knew that he if he forfeited his defense of Tom Robinson the ridicule would stop.
Through Atticus and the trial, Jem loses his innocence by learning about prejudice, bravery, and that the justice system is crippled. Throughout the book, Jem learns about prejudice and not to judge because no one is just like him and people are different. He learns most about this from Atticus. For example, when Scout comes home from school and gets angry because her teacher, Miss Caroline, doesn’t want her to read at home. Atticus responds by telling her that she shouldn’t say anything about Miss Caroline because Scout doesn’t
Despite wicked people like Bob Ewell who knew nothing but hate, Atticus persistently looked for a peaceful way to solve problems. When Bob Ewell spat on Atticus, cussed at him and threatened his life, Atticus simply stood there and made no reaction, demonstrating an attitude of peace. Then again in court, when Tom was accused guilty after all of Atticus’s work, Atticus peacefully exited and made no complaint. “Atticus put his hand on Tom’s shoulder as he whispered. Atticus took his coat off the back of his chair and pulled it over his shoulder.
Bob Ewell depicts the stereotypical white supremacist, Atticus on the other hand chooses his morals over the society’s expectations. When brought the case of Tom Robinson, an alleged black rapist, any lawyer in Maycomb would’ve immediately denied Tom. Atticus chose to defend him, even though he knew he had no chance of winning. He told Scout that he must argue it to uphold his sense of justice and respect, Atticus knew Tom deserved someone to fight for him. This all ties in with what Atticus told Scout,“Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it.