To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee demonstrates that the world is surrounded with good and evil. Scout, Jem and Dill all start innocent, but when they become aware of the evil from the adult world, it forces them to mature quickly. It makes them realize the truth about life, being that there's good, but also evil. Harper Lee uses prejudices in To Kill A Mockingbird to show the evil in life. She shows this through women not being allowed to take part of the jury, people being judged on their social class or their different lifestyle but the most prominent is racism since the jury convicts Tom for a crime he didn't commit just because he was black.
Scout is told in the story that “it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird,” because they “don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy” (Lee 119). Lee uses her motif to demonstrate her message about justice as well. Tom Robinson is like a mockingbird, innocent and kind. His wrongful conviction is like he was “killed” in that he was ruled guilty despite being innocent. This is like a sin because it is an injustice.
He lost all hope that he previously had in Atticus and the justice system.The invisible man was convicted of a crime he did not commit and feared his life as an objective to rape. Atticus promises Tom an appeal, but Tom could not see how the court would decide any different. A short time later, when Atticus delivers the news that Tom had tried to escape prison and while in the midst of climbing the towering barbed wire fence, was shot and killed he gives context to the situation when saying “I guess Tom was tired of white men’s chances and preferred to take his own”(235-236). Atticus tries to control a circumstance which is uncontrollable and with this, he was hopeless in himself and Maycomb. He uses his vast knowledge of the justice system and faith in the Judge to let the town have an ounce of control.
It is clear that Juror Ten’s uncompromising belief that the accused is guilty is because of his dislike for the boy’s race. His prejudice is clear when he says that “I’ve lived among ‘em all my life. You can’t believe a word they say” when speaking about the boy (16). Juror Ten’s prejudice causes him to disregard all of the facts that are presented to him by Juror Eight that can prove that the accused is not guilty. Juror 10 allows his prejudice to blind him of the truth.
Bob tried to kill the kids because the kid's dad “Atticus” almost got Tom Robinson to look like he was innocent when he really didn't rape Mayella Ewell. This is injustice because Atticus was only doing his job and telling the truth about the case and instead of attacking him he attacked the kid that didn't have anything to do with the whole situation. This is not an injustice of the court system, it is a moral injustice when Ewell attacks the children of the man who was only doing his job and telling the truth in court. Instead of attacking Finch himself, Ewell attacks his children, who are young and had nothing to do with the
He lost his trial due to the unjust, racist jury and because of the Ewell’s false testimonies. First off, he lost due to the jury. Even after Atticus’s compelling evidence they decided to convict him because of his color. Secondly, he was unjustly convicted because of the Ewell’s false testimonies. Mayella Ewell seemed confused and therefore gave an incorrect testimony and ultimately helped convict Tom Robinson.
It is wrong to kill an innocent thing. The most obvious symbol is Boo Radley; he was accused of being an “evil being” throughout the book, but at the end we learned that he was an innocent, friendly and respectful person. At the very end of the book, Atticus asked Scout if she understood why Mr. Heck Tate said what he said. Scout replies with, “Well it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird wouldn’t it?” this meaning that if Heck Tate accused Boo Radley for murdering Bob Ewell, then an entire investigation on Boo would happen leading to Boo Radley being sent to prison. It would be “hurting
Atticus showed moral courage defending a black man when the people in the courtroom continue to wait for the news of guilty. Lee gave Tom Robinson a sad outcome which leads to courage. In the novel, Atticus stated that Robinson is dead to his sister, Aunt Alexandra, and it created a really depressing and sad mood. Lee made the death sound really horrible and in a way to show moral courage in the characters. Atticus described that the guards “...fired a few shots in the air, then to kill.
With that being said, innocence being ended is also a major theme in “To Kill a Mockingbird.” For example, Jem is the only one between him and Scout that truly understand what’s going on. He understands that what’s happening with Tom Robinson is wrong. After the judge convicts Tom as being guilty Jem tells his father “it ain 't right, Atticus” (212). Later in the novel Tom tries to escape prison and ends up being killed and that crushes many hearts, including Jems. The next way his innocence is put to a halt is when Bob Ewell breaks his arm.
In the book, To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, which is set in the 1930s, Tom Robinson had shown that he was innocent through his friendship with Mayella and his crippled arm which renders him unable to commit the crime. Despite his innocence, the jury chose to take the word of white Bob and Mayella Ewell rather than the evidence words of black Tom Robinson’s innocence (222-285). In this case, Tom Robinson was stereotyped by the jury and spectators because he was black. In the same way, racial injustice is also shown in the 1920 Duluth Lynchings. A Lynching is when a mob murders a person who is a supposed perpetrator of a crime before the accused individual receives a trial.