The tobacco plant was introduced to the colonists by the Native Americans. The concept of smoking a plant was unusual for the colonists until they first tried it. It became a popular and important commodity when the colonists realized trading tobacco was lucrative. Their attitude towards tobacco turned from joyful and curious to greedy and avaricious since it was bankable, benefiting both the North American and English economies. The landowners took advantage of the indentured servants, slaves and farmers. Government officials were corrupt since they imposed illegal tolls on tobacco and pirates from all nations took to violence by pirating English vessels that had tobacco goods. The tobacco trade turned the colonists into exploitative, corrupt and even violent people. Tobacco changed the colonists into exploitative people since they overworked the indentured servants in the tobacco fields to increase the tobacco production. Colonists discovered the recreational and …show more content…
Legal tolls were placed on vessels carrying tobacco goods as a form of tax, but some officials like Captain Crofts placed illegal tolls on vessels to make extra money. “It was the force of government that enabled the royal treasury to collect a legal toll and officers like Captain Crofts an illegal toll on tobacco trade” (Morgan 204). The corrupt royal navy officers and Virginians serving in colonial government exploited their authority and found ways to make easy money from the tobacco trade. The corrupt officials imposed illegal taxes, which not only affected plant owners but also the farmers and other lower class citizens involved in the tobacco trade. This shows that people during the colonial times were greedy and exploiting each other for money that came from the tobacco market. Tobacco trade changed people into sinister and greedy people as they were taking advantage of the poor and lower social
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[Document A] John Rolfe is thought of as the economic savior if the colony and the father of tobacco. Soon the desire for tobacco was almost incapable of being met. Advertisements like Document B were used throughout the colony and the Old World. Tobacco was one of the first products to be advertised.
Rebellion and violence were rampant because the thirteen colonies were all fed up with British rule. The reaction to taxation resulted to violence. Powerful groups often rose against taxation and in December of 1773, the Boston Tea Party occurred to express disapproval. Citizens handled their anger by pouring tea into the Boston harbor.
Soon after the items were taxed the people would stop buying them. That’s what made the merchants mad! The reaction to the king was to tax even more items without the consent of the colonies permission. An example of an item that was taxed without permission of the people was the, Stamp Act.
All their freedom they previously had was being reduced. They had to pay several taxes on things such as stamps and sugar. The Navigation Act forced the colonies to only trade with England, which prevented the smuggling. Many of the colonies became bitter about the price and in some cases England would lower the taxes. The colonies often threw a fit and revolted.
As England’s demand for tobacco grew, Rolfe’s cash crop became the savior of many colonies. Similar to Jamestown, due to rough weather a number of colonies were not able to produce much of any agriculture, causing the lack of income and food. John Rolfe’s tobacco plant that originated in Virginia helped many of the other thirteen colonies in ways similar to Jamestown. With the spread of Rolfe’s significant economic force brought indentured servants, slaves, plantations, and high roles in colonial governments, but also brought conflict to the New World. The plant that all started with John Rolfe ultimately influenced the dawn of this nation because of the major influence tobacco had on the French and Indian War.
Slaves played a huge role in the early American colonies because “communities were designed around slavery”. Slaves were commonly seen and worked throughout all colonies but were heavily used in the South. The Southern slaves were “forced to work under harsh conditions for long hours”. The majority of the men worked on plantations doing manual labor and the often times women were house servants. Their punishments could included being beaten, starved, tortured and or killed.
Times were much simpler, yet worse, in March 1610 as there were only about sixty of us colonial men left standing and we were lucky to even still be alive due to the high mortality rate. Fast forward forty years later, and now families have been shipping in by the thousands, although some do not last long due to lingering diseases. I have made an assumption that the water we have been drinking may be a cause of all the disease that is continuously being spread amongst the people, but people seem to be more focused on tobacco and the natives. However, priorities were not always based on tobacco, because before John Rolfe blessed the colony with his discoveries there was the issue of maintaining a stable society on this
Those in Massachusetts were puritans and looking for a place where they would be free from religious persecution. Wealthy people who could afford the boat journey and did not have to become indentured slaves went for a more settled life. In 1616 John Rolfe imported tobacco seeds to Virginia, as the plants needed long and hot humid seasons. The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground.
In Virginia, people mostly focused on growing of staples and exotic crops for cash. The crops that they grew in their colony were rice, indigo, and tobacco. But in Virginia, tobacco was the crop that they focused on, in fact, tobacco was the first most famous staple crop grown and became their economic foundation. As far as working in the fields, Virginia started off with indentured servants to perform the labor, but as they became expensive they shifted to purchasing slaves. Mortality rates were higher because of diseases that many of them came in contact with, men were expected to live to forty and women weren’t expected to live past their thirties.
Imports of lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea were taxed; the British government wanted the colonists to pay so they created punishments for colonists who
These colonies came across numerous hardships with war, famine, and political turmoil, in the 1600’s. These colonies worked for commercial purposes and neglected the need for relationship building with natives, safety, and resource gathering, so much so that they lost many early settlers. Working as an indentured servant was brutal in these colonies. Growing, storing, and packaging tobacco was very labor intensive work. Though indentured servants maintained contracts providing them with food, housing, and clothing, often times terms of service were lengthened.
Tobacco was the basis of economic life and a motivation for settling down in Jamestown. This helped result in an increase of settlers. The English expansion sparked war in 1622 led by Opechancanough. This war resulted in a tragic death of about a third of the nation. Particularly, the English inhabitants seized Indian’s land and food, cornering the Indian citizens towards limiting possibilities; needless to say they ended up dispersing.