Individualism is “a political and social philosophy that places high value on the freedom of the individual”(Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2003，295).In a board sense, it can be an act, a belief and a doctrine that focuses on individuals in fields like politics, economics and culture. The notion of individualism occurred early in the ancient Greek civilization, but a complete theory was not coined until the modern times. Through years of development, it becomes a typical Western value that has been thought to distinguish Western society from other societies. Among the West, America has been regarded as a defining example that stresses individualism as its core value (Deng 2005).
Individualism (1,000) Introduction Individualism, a term often used against collectivism and totalitarianism, gives more emphasis on individuals: morally, politically, socially and ideologically, so much so that the total worth of an individual increases, and s/he begins practising and promoting her/his personal aims, goals, dreams and desires over the collective good of the State. This doctrine advocates: individual is primary, and the State secondary. Self-reliance and individual freedom take precedence over the interests of the institution, society, cultural group, or the State. Other philosophies that share their premises with Individualism are: Anarchism, Existentialism, Classical Liberalism and other humanistic philosophies. Individualism increases the tendencies of bohemian lifestyles and liking for artistic endeavours while increasing the quantity of experimentation and self-creation.
Individualism changes the way people define their ties to community and to other people outside relationships with family and friends. Individualism can be seen as positive when it is associated with freedom from social constraints and from oppressive conditions. It can be seen as negative when it is seen as leading to separation from others and to an absence of obligations. In the modern world, individualism is seen as part of society helping people to become free from the constraining traditional society. Alexis de Tocqueville believes individualism is where the individual is in a position to develop and nurture intimate affective bonds with loved ones.
By the end of the First World War, the American novel had reached a new expressive self-sufficiency, eager and ready to absorb and project the complexity of American life. Scott Fitzgerald started writing when the young generation had just returned from the First World War. Distrustful of the past and disillusioned with culture and conventions, the young people had nothing to fall back upon except their own experience. Fitzgerald fixates on the relationship between individual and society as a tussle between the irreconcilable. Fitzgerald too agrees the same: "I am interested in the individual only in his relation to society” (Callahan 5).
Individualism: Theory and Practice In America, individualism became their concept in living culture which builds the idealization of individual’s social-political philosophy. Generally, individualism means makes themselves as priority than others in society. In contrast, collectivism likely to attached in a group as togetherness. This term asserted as the turning point of individualism conceptualized in American. 2.2.1 History of Individualism
We’ve all heard it: the strong academic record, proficient in three sports, president of a few clubs, vibrant social life, and still getting at least 7 hours of sleep every night. The idealistic belief of a student, a goal to continuously strive towards. As students in a stressful, sometimes competitive atmosphere, we evaluate ourselves often and notice our flaws, but often miss our strengths. The idea of an idyllic description of the proper student forces down the general individualism often treasured in a learning environment. Rather than pushing down a student’s personal identity, it is necessary to express yourself and be your true self in public.
Next, one has to consider whether institutional or attitudinal electoral influences is more persuasive when explaining the voter turnout decline observed since the 1960’s. Piven and Cloward’s notion that party systems, electoral practices, and institutional barriers discourage and limit voting, as seen with the and Motor Voter Act, can remain true, but should be analyzed through the lens of registration. The Motor Voter Act was successful in regards to increasing registration and interest in voting. However, there was no significant increase in the voter turnout after the Motor Voter Law was implemented. Concerning Powell’s studies that voter turnout is disadvantaged by party systems, registration requirements, distance to voting location,
Should the minimum age to vote stay at 18 or be lowered to 16? I believe that the voting age should stay at 18. Lowering the voting age would allow for younger, less educated individuals to vote. Decreasing the voting age would also increase the percentage of people who don 't want to vote. First, lowering the voting age to 16 would mean allowing less educated people to vote.
In this essay, I will analyze the very relevant issue of voter turnout. In fact, in the last few years, there have been a very small number of people involved in politics and citizens have behaved in an increasingly passive and apathetic way toward political matters. This demonstrates the weakness in the working process of modern democracies. If we look at the history, for example going back in the Athenian democracy, where all citizens, included the lower classes, participated actively in the politics, or if we think about the fight for universal suffrage, it is very shocking to realize that people of our century seem not really to use their right to vote. Hence, this clearly makes us question the causes of this apathy.
Full name: Tang Thi Quynh Nga Class: 14E19 Student Code: 14040567 INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION Project 2: The movie “SPANGLISH” Introduction “Global village” (McLuhan, 1964) is no longer a new concept in the 21st century. This refers to a place where all cultures integrate and cultural boundaries seem to be eliminated. Besides offering new opportunities for people all over the world to learn about foreign cultures, global village also presents such challenges as cultural conflicts, cultural diverging or assimilation.
Alexis de Tocqueville’s evaluation of America and its political structure, system, and institution in Democracy in America is a classical liberal philosopher’s take on a new democratic structure unrivaled by any other government. The uniqueness of America stems from its foundation, and is driven by the mores of the American people. That being said, there are some flaws looming so large and dangerous to American democracy that Tocqueville takes great care to ensure his readers are aware. One great concern he has for the sanctity of democracy is the concept of “place hunting.” The mindset behind place-hunting, to Tocqueville, needs to be avoided at all costs; however, the act of place-hunting itself is not inherently evil and is one of the