Tom Regan Regan is professor of philosophy at North Carolina State University. He is a deontologist and an abolitionist. He argues that at least some animals are “subjects-of-a-life”. This means they have beliefs, desires, memories, and sense of their own future, and because of this they must be treated as an end, not a means to an end. This argument stems from his idea that human’s moral rights. These rights stem from our possession of cognitive abilities. The fact that some nonhuman animals are also in possession of these abilities means they have the same moral rights. Regan places the role of moral-agent with humans, and so he argues that: marginal-case humans, such as infants, and some nonhumans must have the status of “moral patients”. The position of moral patients is that they are unable to formulate moral principles. For this reason they are unable to be judged as being in the right …show more content…
(2) A person is taken to engage in conduct for a purpose mentioned in subsection (1) if the person engages in the conduct for purposes that include that purpose. Rural Export & Trading (WA) Pty Ltd v Hahnheuser  Facts The Defendants, Ralph Hahnheuser and Animal Liberation SA (ALSA), put ham in the feed pens of a group of sheep that were being held to be exported to the Middle East. He did this in an attempt to halt the live transport of the sheep. By placing the ham in the feedpens, and the sheep then consuming the food, meant the sheep were unacceptable under halal slaughter for Muslim to consumer. The company holding the sheep before there export, Rural Export & Trading WA Pty Ltd, brought proceedings stating Mr Hanheuser and ALSA were in breach of section 45DB of the Trade Practices Act 1974(Cth). Rural Export brought this action, claiming Mr Hahnheuser had “substantially hindered” the company, which specialised in live trade, to participate in trade or
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In today’s society, we have former National Football League(NFL) quarterback Collin Kapernick who’s no longer in the NFL because of his protest against racial inequality. However, many people believe he is no longer in the NFL because of his talent. Kapernick led the 49ers to Super Bowl 47. Although they didn’t win, he threw for 302 yards with a touchdown and rushed for 62 yards. Therefore, he didn’t get kicked out of the league because he wasn’t good enough, but for sitting down during the national anthem.
Who was Ronald Reagan Did you know that without Ronald Reagan there will be higher taxes? Ronald Reagan would usually be called Dutch when he was a kid,because he was so small or he just didn’t fit in at his age. He would usually read a book or explore outside. When he was 9 his mom took him to prison to feed the prisoners for grace.
In this paper, I will focus on Bonnie Steinbock’s claim on whether or not we should give equal moral consideration to species outside our own species group. I will first determine what moral concern means, according to Peter singer, and explain how he views the human treatment of animals. I will then outline Steinbock’s argument against Singer’s position and explain how her criticism is part of a much broader issue: that is moral concern. I will finally make my argument against Steinbock as well as address any issues she could possibly raise against my argument. Peter Singer believed that all species, whether it be human or non-human, deserve equal consideration of interests and quality of life.
Jonathan Edwards version of God was very aggressive and unforgiving. Insult after continuing insult, this does not seem like the Jesus Christ with the wonderful forgiving spirit. With the words, “God hates you,” repeated multiple times throughout the sermon, it is truly hypocritical that the God described as forgiving and loving of all would say “I hate you,” every five minutes. I personally feel like this is not the way God would like to be described, and that God would much rather liked to be showed as a forging and gentle spirit.
People rebel when no justice being served. It is understandable why people act a certain way. Have you ever loved someone more than yourself? A person is your biggest pride and joy to be safe? Can you imagine how it feels to no longer have your pride and joy with in a split second, due to the way they look?
Jeremy Rifkin, the president of the Foundation on Economic Trends in Washington D.C and author of “A Change of Heart About Animals” (2003), argues in this article that animals are much more like humans than we thought and that we should expand our empathy to our fellow creatures. Rifkin develops his thesis by comparing the similarities between humans and animals. An example of this is in paragraph 11 when he claims that animals show a sense of their own mortality and the mortality of their kin just like humans do. He supports this claim by giving an example of elephants standing next to their dead children for days after they have passed. The author gives that example of the elephants in order to make the reader understands just how aware these
In the op-ed piece “A Change of Heart about Animals”, Jeremy Rifkin emphasizes the similarities between humans and animals by providing results on scientific research studies to illustrate that humans should be more empathetic towards animals. In addition, he further explains how research results have changed the ways humans perceived animals and indicates solutions that were taken by other countries and organizations to help improve and protect animal rights. Rifkin provides examples that demonstrate animals have emotions, conceptual abilities, self awareness, and a sense of individualism just like humans. For example, Pigs crave for affection and get depressed easily when isolated, two birds Betty and Abel have tool making skills, Koko
The marginal case argument states that the mentally impaired and human infants have moral status than so should animals because there is not much difference in their ability to be rational. Moral status refers to the right to not be killed and tortured. This argument also promotes not only infant humans and the mentally impaired to be moral patients but animals as well. As moral patients have moral status without the need to have rationality.
Chris McCandless was in his early 20’s, he was the kind of that guy that wanted to learn and experience life without all of the material things. He wanted to be independent from his parents and friends so Chris did something that would be insane for most of us humans but to him, it wasn’t. He went into the wild of Alaska for months, in fact, McCandless even thought he could make it out alive at the end of his journey. As a matter of fact, he was known as being a risk taker and enjoyed being out and about in the nature side of the world. Many would believe that Chris McCandless went into the wild to purposely kill himself; however, I myself believe that McCandless did not do it purposely.
The four core ethical principles that are called into question in the movie “Miss Evers’ Boys” are autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. Autonomy refers to the right of the patient to function independently and the ability to self-direct. This means that patients are entitled to decide what will happen to them, and if deemed competent, they have the right to either consent to or refuse treatment. All nurses and healthcare personal would be required to respect the patient’s wishes, even if they do not agree with them. Beneficence is the core principle that refers to the act of ‘doing good’ and advocating for the patient.
In the article All Animals Are Equal, written by Peter Singer addresses the inadequacies surrounding the rights of animals in the societies of today. Singer opens the article by presenting a scholarly parallels between the fight for gender equality, banishment of racism and the establishment of rights for “nonhumans.” In order to explain this constant set of inequalities that seem to riddle our society, Singer readily uses the term “speciesism”, which he acquired from a fellow animals rights advocator, Richard Ryder. Essentially, this term is defined by Singer as a prejudice or attitude of bias in favor of the interests of members of one's own species and against those of members of other species. Singer claims that if this idea of speciesism
AUSTRALIA SHOULD BAN LIVE ANIMAL EXPORTS INTRODUCTION Year after year, Australians have been shocked by the images of the live export trade. However, despite this, the cruelty continues. Australia continues to export millions of livestock from our shores every year, condemning them to a painful and prolonged death. It was only last October that the “bloodbath” involving Australian sheep exported to the Middle East for the annual ‘Festival of Sacrifice’ , renewed calls for Australia to steer away from the live export trade after thousands were butchered on local streets.
The practice of health care includes many scenarios that have to do with making adequate decisions when it comes to a patient’s life, and the way they are treated. Having an ethical code in all health care organizations is very important, because it helps health care workers with reaching a suited and ethical decision when it comes to the patient. In health care, patient will always be put first, and their autonomy will always be respected. Nevertheless, when there is a situation where a patient might be in harm, or might be making their condition worse because of the decisions they made. Health care workers will always be there to