Jem, Scout, and the friend Dill attended the trial. Growing up in an non racist home did not let them see the way every other white person saw it. The white folk did not see Tom, Atticus’s defendant, deserving a fair trial because he was black. Atticus knew this that, “Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed”(Pg. 276).
In the South of the United States in the 1930´s, the justice system was very unfair towards colored people. Colored people that were sent to court could not receive a fair trial because of the prejudice and racism from the jury. This happened all the time, especially in Maycomb Alabama. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, a colored man named Tom Robinson was convicted of assaulting a white woman just because of the color of his skin. Tom Robinson should have been found not guilty for many reasons.
Harper Lee illustrated Tom Robinson as a kind, church-going man. However, the town sees him as a criminal who took advantage of Mayella Ewell. The citizens of Maycomb felt that Atticus should not bother defending him because he did not deserve it. They made their disapproval known by making whispers about both Atticus and Tom Robinson, advertising a new cartoon modeled after Atticus, and assembling a mob to attack Tom Robinson in jail (Lee chapter 12).Mrs. Dubose was one of those citizens who was not afraid to make her opinion known, even to Jem and Scout, telling them, “Yes indeed, what has this world come to when a Finch goes against his raising?
In to kill a mockingbird the Maycomb trial was practically a “gala occasion” (pg 173) The scottsboro trial got international recognition. Tom Robinson’s case was only known to his small town. Harper Lee definitely uses facts about the trial when she says that when they announced the verdicts of the guilty, people ran out. Another instance is when she used the example of a group of people trying to get to the boys so that they could harm them. They had the sheriff protecting them.
In Chapter 16, Tom Robinson's trial starts with the attendance of almost every one of the Maycomb citizens except Miss Maudie who doesn’t want to see a man’s fate decided in court. Jem explains the history of Mr. Raymond, a man who came to the trial, to Scout. Mr. Raymond has children and is involved with a black women. Their children are mixed races and have a difficult time befriending either race. This causes their whole family to be outcasts in the town.
Another way the two are linked is shown when the mad dog gets shot down by Atticus as he tried to do in the court case with Tom Robinson too. “Tim Johnson was advancing at a snail 's pace, but he was not playing or sniffing at foliage: he seemed dedicated to one course and motivated by an invisible force that was inching him towards us. We could see him shiver like a horse shedding flies; his jaw opened and shut; he was alist, but he was being pulled gradually toward us.” (Lee 126) is Harper Lee’s way of saying that racism is a problem that moves slowly throughout but doesn 't mess around. The invisible force that Lee talks about is the people of Maycomb pushing for racism and since he is a list and making strange random movements, it can be said that the flow of racism throughout the town from person to person is the same
He is faced with the crime of an alleged rape. However a biased jury, no substantial evidence, and and the possibly of another attacker who was never pursued, leads to the inference that Tom Robinson received an unfair trial. Tom Robinson was not able to receive a fair trial, since he jury was all white which created bias within the court. On page 91 of chapter 9 Atticus explained “The jury couldn’t possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson’s word against the Ewells’.” Atticus said this due to the fact that a white male’s word in the 1930’s could surpass the word of any female. Especially ones from an African American male.
I believe because of his race, he was put into jail. "Suppose you and Scout talked colored-folks ' talk at home it 'd be out of place, wouldn 't it?” (page 127). Tom Robinson was a kind hard laborer. He had a large family, and worked hard to keep them stable. In the story Mayella also provoked Tom when he would pass by her house.
In the aftermath of Tom’s attempted escape from prison, which eventually led to his death, “Maycomb was interested by the news of Tom’s death for perhaps two days,” (240) as it was “typical of a nigger’s mentality to have no plan, no thought for the future, just run the blind first chance he saw” (240). The author’s application of this description distinctly portrayed how Maycomb’s warped perspective of Tom’s death was achieved through the racism that inspired many to believe all African Americans were stereotypical criminals and in Tom’s case it was no different. Critically, Maycomb’s prejudice shines through in this description of its lack of sympathy towards an innocent African American’s death and highlights ignorance as an alarming after effect of racism. Before the court had begun to issue its final verdict, ““Atticus had used every tool available in court to free men to save Tom Robinson, but in the secret courts of men’s hearts Atticus had no case” (241) as “in our courts, when it’s a white man’s words against a black man’s, the white man always wins,” (220). The author’s description of the court’s ruling was definite and expected because as Atticus explained, society is biased, therefore the court of all white men were always partisan towards voting in favor of a white man without allowing any arguments against him to sway them.
The evidence boils down to you-did-I-didn 't. The jury couldn 't possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson 's word against the Ewells, '" Atticus solemnly explains this to his brother. First of all, Atticus demonstrates courage when he undertakes the task of defending Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of rape. Atticus knows he won 't win the case and like Mrs. Dubose in her battle against morphine, he is "licked" before he begins. Nevertheless, Atticus knows that Tom is innocent and that he must fight for him, since no one else will.