Because he was a black man accused of rape, he was found guilty and sentenced to death in prison. This situation violates article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states that we are all born with free and equal rights. “Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed.“ ( Lee, 323 ) Article 2 emphasizes the idea that we are all given equal opportunities. Tom Robinson was not given a fair trial; his trial was irrelevant. Mr. Bob Ewell had no evidence that Tom Robinson raped his daughter; the jury made their decision based off assumptions.
During the book and the movie, whites were trying to get rid blacks like they were nothing. As Atticus states “Mayella has committed no crime, she has merely broken a rigid and time honored code of our society, a code so severe that whoever breaks it is hounded from our midst as unfit to live with. In other words, Mayella is trying to get rid of Tom so it doesn’t make her remember her guilt. Atticus explains that anyone who has a relation with a black in the society is segregated like a black, and because Mayella is already poor, she cannot afford to be more lowered in the society. So she’s trying to get rid of Tom.
Tom Robinson is a young African-American who's been accused of raping and abusing Mayella Ewell, a young and closeted white woman. Racial discrimination is hinted throughout Tom’s trial as Atticus Finch explains to Jem that a white man’s word will always win over that of a black man’s - "...In our courts, when it's a white man's word against a black man's, the white man always wins. They're ugly, but those are the facts of life" (220). Atticus explains to Jem that in the courts of Maycomb, a black man’s state of innocence or guilt is truly determined by a white man’s testimony. As can be seen, Lee’s usage of Tom Robinson’s trial and the racial discrimination and prejudice seen throughout it helps reinforce the theme of social injustice throughout To Kill A Mockingbird.
One example of how prejudice is shown is when they are at the courthouse for Tom Robinson’s trial. “She was white, and she tempted a Negro. She did something that in our society is unspeakable: she kissed a black man. Not an old uncle, but a strong young Negro man. No code mattered to her before she broke it, but it came crashing down on her afterwards,” said Atticus (Lee 204).
Due to the setting of To Kill a Mockingbird, the outcome of Tom Robinson's trial is likely to be Tom ruled guilty. One piece of evidence to support a guilty verdict is the fact that Tom Robinson is black and the Ewells are white. In the 1930's, if a black man was accused of raping a white woman, a guilty verdict and the death penalty was the most common outcome. Earlier on in the story, Atticus states that they had already lost due to the color of Tom's skin. This is also due to the fact that they are having this trail in a heavily segregated south in the 1930's.
To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee takes place in Maycomb, Alabama during the great depression. The city of Maycomb is a very racist city and thinks one race is more superior than the other. Boo Radley is a white individual who never left his house because of the ways society viewed him. Tom Robinson was a black man who got framed of a crime that he did not do. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird
The prosecutor attempting to convict Tom Robinson, Mr. Gilmer, essentially finds that Tom put himself above Mayella by a saying he was sorry for her. This goes against the stereotype that whites are better than blacks which is not what the Mr. Gilmer and Maycomb believe. The same theme can be found in Of Mice and Men which has relevance to Curley’s wife. Because she is always out and about talking to the ranch hands, everyone calls her a slut. Candy stereotypes her in the quote “You wasn’t no good.
Tom Robinson was a black man who got accused of raping a white girl. The only reason he got accused no white man did because he was a different color than everyone who was against him. Also, the whole jurors were white while he was the only black man in the courtroom. “...The evil assumption-that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral, that all Negroes men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption one associate with minds of their caliber.” Every negro did not have the same rights as a white man. The whites had a higher advantage, and everyone always took the side of the white man no matter what the situation is.
A substantial amount of evidence and witnesses proved that he did not commit the crime, however he was still found guilty. This aggravates Scout as she comes to learn the hard way on class conflict. In To Kill a Mockingbird it is a conflict of races, black versus white. There is a part in the story where Calpurnia, the family's housekeeper, takes them to her African American church. A black woman named Lula states to Calpurnia as she is bringing Jem and Scout to church, “ You ain't got no business bringing’ white children- they have their church and we got ours.
In an 1890 interview with The Voice, Frances Willard vocalized concern over the value of black voters, asserting stereotypes about black men as being drunken rapists, and therefore a threat to white womanhood. In the interview, she claims not only that "the colored race multiplies like the locusts of Egypt." but "the grog shop is its center of power. The safety of women, of childhood, of the home is menaced in a thousand localities at this moment so that [white] men dare not go beyond the sight of their own roof-tree" Because of Willard's statements, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), of which she was the president of, has been frequently dismissed by historians as racist. In spite of Willard and historians, the organization was placed in a position of importance by many black women of the time, viewed as one of the best institutions to establish interracial cooperation (Gilmore
To Kill a Mockingbird is a story about a young white, inquisitive girl, Scout Finch, and her family, who live in the quaint town of Maycomb, Alabama. This story takes place in the early 1930’s, the years of the Great Depression and Jim crow era when poverty and unemployment were spread through the United States. Scout learns about the racist world she lives in when her dad, a lawyer, defends Tom Robinson, an innocent, black man, who was charged with the rape of a white woman, Mayella Ewell. Although Harper Lee, the arthur of To Kill a Mockingbird, intended Atticus to be the hero of the novel, the true hero is Tom Robinson because he was victim to the antagonist of racism during the Jim Crow era. Harper Lee intended Atticus to be the hero