In the beginning of their conversation, Jem consoles Scout after the incident with Aunt Alexandra. However, the passage mostly focuses on Jem’s conversation to Scout. They argue about society and meanings of difficult concepts such as background. Lee uses this academic argument to establish that Jem has changed from the beginning of the story when he was childish and brash.
In the book, To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, has many themes but none more evident than the losses and suffering of innocent people. For example, Mayella Ewell expiriences this theme as she is forced by her father to go along with the false accusation of rape comitted by Tom Robinson. As stated by Atticus Finch it wasn’t Tom but Mayella who committed this, "She was white, and she tempted a Negro. She did something that in our society is unspeakable: she kissed a black man.” (271).
Atticus is also very cautious about how he explains certain delicate topics to her, such as when she brings up the issue of rape he says that “Rape was carnal knowledge of a female by force and without consent.” (Page 149) explaining it in such a manner that she is still a bit curious as to the nature of rape yet does not inquire further and lets it go. " 'I asked him if I was a problem and he said not much of one, at most one he could always figure out, and not to worry my head a second about botherin ' him.” (Page 249)These lines show how skilled Atticus is not only in comforting his children but also in showing them how much they mean to him. The relationship between Jem and Scout is much like any other sibling relationship, full of love, support and trust.
Atticus is trying to say that people aren't always what them seem like. Scout has a good idea of what people are
It’s also about a big trial where a white man stood up for a black man, and back then that was a sin to stick up for blacks. In To kill a Mockingbird Scout is a very courageous little girl who sticks up to a mob, Bouncing back from an attack, and backing down from fights. The first reason that Scout is courageous is she stood up to a mob that was going to attack her father Atticus. She pointed out Mr. Cunningham and made him realize what he was doing. She told Mr. Cunningham about his children at home and what they would think of him if he continued with the mob and beat up her father.
Throughout the story, Jem (taken from the word gem meaning a cherished and prized person) is used by Harper Lee as a representation of courage. In the beginning, Jem’s first act of courage occurs when Jem accepts Dill’s provocation to go and touch the Radley house. In the story, Scout says, “In all his life, Jem has never declined a dare” (Lee 16). This quote shows how Jem would never demur any sort of challenge, even if it involved stupid or childish acts like going to a forbidden place. Scout also shows how Jem even accepted a dare from her to jump off the roof of the house as a kid.
Explaining to Jem and Scout that the mockingbird only sings its heart out for us. This also goes into the court case that Atticus is working on. Tom Robinson is convicted of rape when it is proven that he did nothing and it was Bob Ewell that gave Mayella Ewell, his own daughter all the injuries. Tom Robinson was later sentenced guilty and only because of the racism in the town, which is completely unfair in society and the only one that really seems to recognize it is Atticus.
In the quote it demonstrates how Atticus has to simply explain to the Scout, you should never look at someone differently based on how much money they have. You should look at them for who they are. Some people are not as fortunate as others, it is not there fault, but like they Cunningham 's, they find a way. Atticus did not only open the kids eyes to how you should not judge someone, but also, to stand up for what you believe in, despite what others might say. When Atticus is presented with the Tom Robinson case, without much thought, he says yes to being his lawyer.
Atticus tries his best to teach and show others-specifically Scout and Jem-how to judge what is right and what is wrong. First, Atticus tells Scout a very valuable life lesson. This is said when Scout was complaining to Atticus about her day at school, he said to her, “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-until you climb into his skin and walk around in it” (Lee 30). Atticus is telling scout that she cannot truly judge someone's actions until she sees things from their side. This is something that Scout only understands near the end of the novel, when she sits on Arthur Radley’s front porch and tries to see what he see when he sits there, and she imagines how Boo see the events in the novel and in doing so began to understand him.
Not long after the trial of Tom Robinson, Jem has become very easily angered by the even mention of the case. So, in chapter 24 when Scout is confused by her hypocritical teacher, she speaks to her brother about it only to end up on the front end of his rage. She was shocked by his sudden mood swing, but she understood that he was upset and connected it with her mention of the case of Ewell v. Robinson. Scout proceeds to ask her father about Jem, as she is clearly distressed about the state of her brother, and Atticus eases her fret and explains what exactly Jem is going through. While Scout doesn't quite yet grasp the idea of looking at things from another's point of view, she certainly is unknowingly feeling her brother's
An example is when Jem and Dill went to go sneak over to the Radley’s at night. Scout does not think it 's a respectable idea, but when Scout protests Jem says” You don’t have to come along, Angel May” (Lee 68). Also an example is when Jem and Dill want to leave a note for Boo. Scout does not think it’s a good idea, but Jem says “ Now you’re in it and you can’t get out of it, you’ll just stay in, Miss Priss” (Lee 62). When Jem wants to go and bring his pants after he lost the at the Radley’s house Scout does not think it’s a good idea and that if he leave she will tell Atticus.
In To Kill a Mockingbird, Tom Robinson, an African American man, is accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a white girl, in Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s.
It was the day after Jem had snuck to the Radley house at 2 A.M. Scout states, “As Atticus had once advised me to do, I tried to climb into Jem's skin and walk around in it.” (Lee. 77) Scout used her father's advice with her own brother, a person she loves messing with and bothering on the daily. The fact that she did that so soon after hearing that advice shows her development as a person, being a seven year old that is very impressive. This connects by showing how early she can adjust to learning a ‘simple trick.’
Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird is about a man named Atticus and his two kids Jem and Scout. Atticus was appointed to defend an African American, named Tom Robinson. Tom was accused by Bob Ewell for raping and beating his daughter, Mayellea Ewell. During the trial scene, everyone in that courtroom finds outs the truth that Tom is innocent against the accusations from Bob. The truth is that Mayella kissed Tom and Bob saw what she did.