For example, in the novel Jem was attacked by Mr. Ewell “He won’t hurt theses children again” (Lee.358) this quote relates to how discrimination can harm those who are innocent because Jem was attacked by Mr. Ewell because Jems father Atticus Finch “destroyed his last shred of credibility at that trial” (Lee. 292) and Jem was hurt because Atticus destroyed the Ewells reputation or what was left of it and Jem got attacked which is related to the theme how innocent people can get hurt due to discrimination. Another reason of how discrimination can harm those who are innocent in the book To Kill a Mockingbird are for example when Jem was attacked by one of his peers and was discriminated against for example “my folks said your daddy is a disgrace” this is an example of how discrimination can harm those who are innocent because Jem is an innocent person in the whole case against Tom Robinson and was attacked because her father was defending a Blackman which is unfair to jem who is just a bystander who got caught up in the mess of the case against Tom Robinson . These are the reasons of how discrimination can affect those who are innocent in the character Jem Finch and how someone like jem a young man can be affected by the turmoil of the people in
Atticus gave his all to his case while the nine young men’s lawyer also tried his best. Overall these innocent men deserved more than what they recieved, an unfair treatment in and out of the courtroom. Both cases had African American men that were judged by a jury of all white people and because they raped a woman. If they lost this case it meant they would receive the death penalty. This was always going to be an unfair trial.
John Proctor defies the church by forgetting the adultery commandment, a major sin that is punishable by death. This causes tension between him and Judge Danforth who believes Proctor is guilty of adultery because of his affair with Abigail Williams. Danforth begins to conceive that Salem citizens can not only carry out sins and break away from the church, but from the government as well. This is perceived as a personal fear, but it’s the actions Danforth carries out that makes the fear spread among the community. He questions those who are convicted, and punishes them without a proper trial.
Race is part of the story that ties everything together. The Tom Robinson trial had a negative outcome because of race. As Atticus was defending Tom the jury would still lean towards Bob and Mayella Ewell’s side of the story, because Bob was a strong, white man and Tom is a poor, black man. Atticus Finch received a lot of hate while he was defending Tom. The people of Maycomb did not agree with a white man defending a black man.
Jem, Scout, and Dill always stereotype Boo Radley without knowing him or knowing his real story. To explain this example I say people always stereotype people without knowing the person. When a person is walking down the street another person will be stereotyping him or her for religion or race. Another example is when they put Tom Robinson in jail for rapping a white women, but he was innocent. The court won't hear his side they think he is lying because Tom is black.
Before going into trial, Atticus already knew he was going to lose his case even if he proved Tom was innocent. He knew the reality was that blacks had no supremacy when it came to their word against a white man’s (“To Kill a Mockingbird,” 2016). He also knew that a black man would never be acquitted of allegations against him when being charged with rape of a white woman, but he wanted to defend Tom to the best of his ability because he knew it was the right thing to do. This representation of African Americans in the movie showed the little power they had within the justice system, and how their fate could be left in the hands of the white man’s word (“To Kill a Mockingbird,”
The moment Atticus is appointed to be the defender of Tom Robinson, he knows that if he really takes on this role of a defender, Maycomb’s society is going to ostracize him. Defending a black male who is accused of having raped a white woman is not only Alabama in the 1930s a capital offense in Alabama in the 1930s, but lands him in difficulties as he and his kids have to face hostility in Maycomb. A classmate tells Scout that “my folks say your daddy was a disgrace an’ that nigger oughta hand from the water-tank!” (Lee 87). She discovers what Maycomb’s population thinks of her father. Since Atticus takes on the duty of defending Tom Robinson, he is called a “nigger-lover” (Lee 117) and told that he is no better “than the trash he works
Interracial relationships were frowned upon in Maycomb, and if word gets out that a white woman tried to seduce a black man, God knows how the people would react. Even before the trial began, a group of white men went to the prison were Tom Robinson was being held, with hopes of killing him, probably thinking that killing him would mean that he wouldn't be able to reveal what happened, thus protecting the reputation of the Ewell’s and, more importantly, the white community as a whole. Also during the trial, Tom Robinson openly stated that he felt “sorry” for her, which was a mistake. When he said that he felt “sorry” for her, he, indirectly and unintentionally, made it seem as if he thought he was above her, which wasn't the case. In the movie, you could tell by the uneasiness of the white audience that they felt shocked, disgusted even, that a black man, who they considered to be the equivalent of a dog (or worse), would ever dare pity a white woman.
This inequality and racist attitudes were a huge barrier for colored people—the fact that they couldn’t even express themselves created a feeling of inferiority and is clearly examined during the plot of this story. Along with this, another way that the author shows us racial injustice and how it was a barrier is through the climax of the story. Grant thinks to himself about the injustice of the white men over Jefferson and says: “They sentence you to death because you were at the wrong place at the wrong time, with no proof that you had anything at all to do with the crime other than being there when it happened. Yet six months later they come and unlock your cage and tell you, We, us white folks all, have decided it’s time for you to die, because this is the convenient place and time” (158). This quote is from the climax of the plot, when Jefferson’s execution date is simply stated to Grant, and it shows the deep racism that whites had for African Americans.
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others.