Topic: Scottsboro Trials Sources: Remembering Scottsboro: The legacy of an infamous trial, The Trials of the Scottsboro boys, and Scottsboro and its legacy: The cases that challenged american legal and social justice. Thesis: The Scottsboro Trials were an important piece of history because it was a huge stepping stone of the civil rights movement and it showed the racial inequality in America which was then taken to the supreme court. (support statement) No crime in American history, produced as many trials, convictions, reversals and retrials as did the alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers. (Supported Statement 2) If you were were alive or born between the times of 1931 through 1950 everything was “Contaminated” the air you breathed, the words you heard, the newspapers, no matter what it was during that time period you could not call America civilized. (supported statement 3) The Scottsboro trials opened a window on a time and place where the social norm weighed so heavily that the principles of law buckled and showed the injustice of America 's court system and America itself.
One of our most famous, or infamous, wars was centered around the enslavement of a whole race because white people in the South needed cheap labor and saw themselves as racially superior. However, after the war I have to admit that the Government at least tried with the Reconstruction Amendments. The 15th amendment gave the right to vote to African-American males which was a huge step in the right direction for change. This new amendment definitely benefited the black community considering there was a rise of African-American officeholders during the Reconstruction Era (Foner,
However, the main contributing cause to his wrongful conviction was eyewitness misidentification. According to Walker (2015), eyewitness misidentification is the leading cause of wrongful convictions with “72% of cases being wrongfully convicted based on eye witness testimony.” Another thing I noticed while looking at The Innocence Project, which was also discussed in the book, was racial bias. In the book, they mentioned “wrongful convictions involve a strong racial disparity, with 62 percent of the Innocent Projects 302 cases involving African Americans.”
Another event that changed civil rights is that they kept African Americans from illegal drugs. To repeat, the NAACP wanted to make America for real Americans: and make sure that lynching and segregation were not part of it. (naacp.org) Members helped to organize events for racial discrimination and helped the United States to realize they needed to pass a bill to end segregation. For the most part, the NAACP has worked hard to change civil rights and how people were being
It is a magnificent thing that Emmett Till, at the age of 14 years old, could cause start the civil rights movement. People such as Bayard Rustin and Harry Hay had to wait about half their lives to stand up for what is right. This child was able to do just that on a larger scale since his actions caused the civil rights movement to go nationwide, he was also able to inspire other citizens after him, like Rosa Parks and Malcolm X, to do something about what was happening in America. Depression settles over anybody who knows that this young man had to die for awareness to raise. When he has murdered a magazine that was major for African-Americans, “Jet,” printed a picture of the boy on its cover, which made certain organizations like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People take an interest.
“The 3 Super Heroes” We all have heard of slavery somewhere in our lives. Now it’s time to read the real facts about slavery. luKlukan lynched (strong verb) and beat African Americans, (Sentence opener 1) The African Americans women were servants for the white people. (helping verb) When the african americans was marching to Alabama they got attacked by the white soldiers some of them got badly(ly adverb) injured. In 1964 Martin Luther King Jr gratefully (Ly adverb) won the peace prize, Then King got murdered after he gave his “Mountaintop” Speech, King was murdered on April 4,1968 he was shot in the and died instantly.
The police brutality of African Americans has shaped American history from the civil movements of the 20th century to the power movements of today’s society. The injustices of blacks reached a peak in the 1900s as a fight for equality and civil rights fueled deeper. Blacks were free from slavery but still weren’t seen as equals in American culture. The law is intended to protect it citizens but in that time blacks had no favor with the law and police. The same issues of inequality before the law and social acceptance have ignited a the modern day push for rights and fair treatment.
For hundreds of days, African Americans refused to ride the buses. Thiseconomically weakened the bus companies which soon forced them to desegregate the buses.The Supreme Court ultimately ruled that the desegregation being displayed was unconstitutional.This second event pulled together the movement as a whole with a second push in knowing thatthey were capable of change.Of all the Civil Rights Movement events, perhaps one of the most inspiring was theMarch on Washington. The march took place in Washington DC on August 28, 1963. The eventwas originally organized by civil rights and religious groups. Over 200,000 whites and blackgathered to share their message of racial equality throughout America.
For hundreds of years, longer than what should have been, many races excluding white men have been subjected to discrimination and segregation. Races such as African Americans and Native Americans have been oppressed by society and the United States government without remorse. The fight for equality for African Americans and Native Americans began when the first slave decided enough is enough. It started with the first slave to run away, the first person to speak out, the first person to stand their ground, and the first person to take risks that could end their life. That fight still continues today.
All but the youngest were sentenced to death. After six years of trials during which one of the women ultimately changed her testimony and claimed that no rape had actually occurred, five out of nine men were convicted. The study of Scottsboro trial will help enhance the understanding of readers of To Kill a Mocking bird. Both the fictional and historical trials took place in 1930s, both the accusers were white women and the defendants were African-American men. In both fictional and historical trials, the charge was rape.