Toni Morrison's Relationship With History

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Toni Morrison, the famous and leading contemporary African-American writer, awarded highest honour for letter when she was named the winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize for literature. Her constant focus on the life of the black and revival of their past make her literary discourse to reproduce a true history of the black people that was overlooked by the mainstream society as Morrison argues that “There seems to be a more or less tacit agreement among literary scholars that, because American literature has been clearly the preserve of white male views, genius and power are without relationship to and removed from the overwhelming presence of black people in the United State” (Morrison, 5). Through her work, she tries to heal the suffering of her people and argue them to look at their cultural roots and recreate their cultural consciousness. Morrison’s novels have a complex relationship with history. All her novels are historical novels in which characters, as Barbara Rigney states, “are both subjects of and subject to history, events in real time, that succession of antagonistic movements that includes slavery, reconstruction, depression, and war” (61). Her works may appear to be “quasi documentaries that bear historical witness” (Barbara, 62), but it states history in narrative form which is sometimes deliberately distorted or half-remembered, as fantasy or even as brutal nightmare. Morrison challenged the political, social, and racial aspects of American literature created
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