Pathological tooth migration (PTM) is indisputably one of the dentoalveolar disorders that cause special concern to patients especially when occurring in the anterior segment. There appear to be multiple factors which are important in the expression of the tooth migration namely, bone loss, followed by tooth loss and gingival inflammation. Other factors that can be contributory to tooth migration include an aberrant frenal attachment, pressure from the cheek and tongue as well as that from the granulation tissue in the periodontal pockets, gingival overgrowth due to drugs occlusal factors such as missing or unreplaced teeth, shortened dental arches, excessive vertical overlap, posterior bite collapse, class II malocclusion and habits such as
Since the most important stage of the implant treatment is the planning, "an implant treatment, which is not correctly planned and applied, would create more problems later. If the patient's general condition and bone tissue are suitable for implant treatment, the surgeon recommends the most appropriate implant for the patient. " Moreover, it is necessary to take into account the expectation of the patient in terms of aesthetics. Particularly, the aesthetic planning and application are important for the group of front teeth. 2-Dental
Pain likewise incorporates sensations evoked by and responses to harmful stimuli. It can be depicted or described by orthodontic patients as a feeling of tension, pressure, throb (ache) and soreness of teeth(3). There is an extensive variety of individual reaction to pain even when comparable forces are applied to tooth. The subjective view of pain is hard to measure. Two hours after use of orthodontic force, the pain intensity usually increased bit by bit to reach a peak level at 24 hours, and determination of that pain by the seventh day(4,5,6)(5,6,8 from
Quality of Life related to oral health, speech and social wellbeing among the children with cleft lip and palate---A literature review ABSTRACT Cleft lip and palate (CL/P) is most common congenital deformity and also present with many syndrome condition. Child with CL/P face difficulty in early breast feeding due to improper lip seal and nasal regurgitation, thus compromising nutrition of new born. Patient with oro-facial cleft deformity needs to be treated at right time and at right age to achieve functional and esthetic wellbeing. It affects physical health, social health and language development of child . The birth rate of clefts was found to be 1.09 for every 1000 live births.
This article discusses the different aspects of biological restorations Introduction Fractured tooth crowns , Primary teeth with extensive carious lesions are routinely observed in clinical practice. Tooth material loss at an early age may not only lead to establishment of neuro-muscular imbalance leading to decreased masticatory efficacy but also phonetic and esthetic problems, development of parafunctional, psychological problems.1 To restore them is thus a challenge for the clinician. Diverse treatment options are available today like , composite restorations stainless steel crowns, cheng crowns, dura crowns, strip crowns, glastech crowns, pedo jacket crowns etc. Out of the various treatment options available to rehabilitate severely destroyed tooth crowns, conservatively and biologically, several authors have suggested the use of tooth structure as a restorative material. 1,2 The term biologic restoration was introduced by Santos and Bianchi
3. Background and Literature Review 3.1 Introductory Statement. The supporting structures of the teeth; periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone and the cementum, are affected severely by periodontitis, or other periodontal disease. A chronic inflammatory disease, brought on by bacterial(2) biofilms along the gingival margin, seeping, deep to the dental root. Seemingly attributed to a change in the oral microflora; species, and population, along with poor oral hygiene.
This process leads to pocket formation around the tooth and/or gum recession.1 Periodontal disease is a highly prevalent chronic inflammatory disease and closely related to several systemic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.2-4 Periodontitis has emerged as a non-traditional risk factor and a prediction model for CKD.5 The link between periodontal disease and CKD may be because of the infection and inflammation.6 The periodontal inflammatory state may increase the state of chronic inflammation present in CKD, thus decreasing renal function.7 Periodontal therapy may reduces inflammation and improves endothelial
One such study (Hugo et al., 2005), found both methods to be good. Whilst there were some disagreements between the shades picked by each method, the authors accepted that “mismatching has to be expected” and so, the decision lies with each dentist as to whether or not the investment in more expensive colour shade matching is worth the results. Another in vivo study found that both an intra-oral dental colorimeter and visual shade determination both provided acceptable results (Yilmaz and Karaagaclioglu, 2008). This study was carried out with prosthodontists. This would raise the question whether or not other dental areas would yield such results.
Experiences of pain lead to anxiety for both patient and clinician before and after root canal treatment. Pain is not always associated with sensation to noxious stimuli but also associated with the individual experiences, anxiety, stress, expectations and personality. Though the pain may not be a sign of endodontic failure, relieving pain is of utmost importance for the acceptance of endodontic procedure. Postoperative endodontic pain continues to be a significant problem facing the dental profession (Liesinger, Marshall & Marshall 1993). Up to 80% of endodontic patients who report with preoperative pain continue to experience some level of pain following the endodontic procedure (Marshall 2002).
Other obvious reasons to replace lost teeth, is that it can affect someone’s appearance and there could be a loss of self-esteem. The implants are there to aid in speaking and chewing problems that were caused by missing teeth. Dental implants are often the best type of treatment option for