After watching The 39 Steps (1935), I realized that Alfred Hitchcock really did have a talent for establishing suspense through films. Even though suspense was the primary focus, Hitchcock managed to effectively and intelligently mix humor, romance, and thriller. He uses a variety of techniques to convey these feelings to the audience. According, to some of his interviews with Francois Truffaut, Hitchcock mentions his love for The 39 Steps, specifically about the techniques he uses to create a bewitching experience throughout the film. In this film, he uses a variety of themes that he continued to constantly use throughout his later films.
Cinematography is critical to the success of any movie. Cinematography uses composition, lighting, depth of field, and camera angles to determine what the audience sees. Casablanca’s cinematography directs the audience’s attention, shapes the audiences feelings, and reveals the theme of the movie. Cinematography directs the audience’s attention and acts as the viewer’s eyes. The cinematography highlights Casablanca as a dangerous place filled with deception.
Every director has his or her own type of unique style. The style is based on the cinematic techniques of the director and can range from being dark and mysterious to being very light and happy. Tim Burton’s style is a gothic style undertoned with a certain quirkiness. In his movies, he also often has this darker side that is intertwined with a humorous aspect. He supports his style by using certain cinematic techniques-especially lighting, flashbacks, and non-diegetic sound.
A distinct variation between long, drawn out camera shots and short, snappy shots that create suspense by keeping the viewer agitated. An example of this technique clearly building and releasing suspense can be observed in the notorious shower scene - where lengthy, slow shots of Marion undressing and entering the shower accompanied by suspenseful music are then followed by sharp, jarring and disorientating cuts of Marion’s murder. Hitchcock also uses the camera to lead the narration, which is extremely effective. To elaborate, the camera in Psycho takes on human qualities, following the persona, which makes the viewer feel as though they are uncovering the mystery story in the film; thus creating suspense. This is exhibited in the scene where Marion is unpacking her bags and attempting to hide the money she has stolen.
It also aims to analyse the reasons and motives of the serial killer Francis Dolarhyde in the light of psychological theories like psychoanalysis and behavioural theory. Francis Dolarhyde is a fictional character in Thomas Harris’ novel Red Dragon. He is a serial killer who murders entire families by shooting them in their beds. He is nicknamed “The Tooth Fairy” due to the nocturnal nature of his crimes, his tendency to bite his victims’ bodies, the uncommon size and sharpness of his teeth and other apparent oral fixations. He kills at the behest of an alternate personality; he refers to his other self as “The Great Red Dragon” after William Blake’s painting The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun.
The analysis of “The Shining” directed by Stanley Kubrick The Shining is a horror movie filmed by Stanley Kubrick. It bases on the namesake novel written by Stephen King. The film tells a story of the Torrance family that included Jack, Wendy and their son Danny that shows signs of strange powers from the beginning of the movie. The trio went to the Overlook Hotel where the husband would work as a caretaker during the winter. It appeared the building was possessed by some evil power (Kubrick suggested it could be because the house was built on the Native Americans’ cemetery) that killed some of visitors and workers.
In the movie Pan’s Labyrinth the director Guillermo Del Toro composes his breathtaking shots with a clever use of lighting and with a meticulous attention to the mise-en-scene, emphasised by the use of a beautiful cinematography and a fantastic sound-score, in order to convey the real purpose of life through the development of Ophelia’s character and the use of profound symbolism and implicit meaning. In order to differentiate the egoistic world, represented by the Civil War’s atrocities and the General Vidal, from the spiritual and pure world, represented by the fairies and the faun, Ophelia has to pass successfully three proofs which will allow her to rediscover who she really is and reconcile herself with the soul and inner spirit, refusing the materialistic ego. The first proof that Ophelia has to face is “the toad proof” in which she has to defeat a monster a and retrieve an important key. This scene has a multitude of implicit meanings proving that Ophelia is not afraid of the oppressing external world. For this reason she gets rid of her mother’s constricting dress and to pass the proof she is not scared to put herself in a lower position crawling under the tree.
Changeling is a 2008 film based on an old American crime story called the “Wineville Chicken Coop Murders,” directed by auteur director, Clint Eastwood. In the film, Angelina Jolie plays the main role of 1920s single mother, Christine Collins, who relentlessly pursues the search of her son, once he is discovered to be missing. Reinterpreting the true story, Eastwood takes the audience of the film on the search with Mrs. Collins, steering her to unfold the true corruption and abusive authority of the Los Angeles Police Department (Bovsun). Many themes of this film revolve around ideas of social injustice. However, the overall triumph exists in the main plot which follows Christine Collins as she persistently demands justice in the ongoing search for her son, Walter Collins, by the Los Angeles Police Department.
“Shutter Island” is a 2010 psychological thriller directed by award-winning American filmmaker Martin Scorsese set in 1950s Boston. Based on author Dennis Lehane’s novel of the same name, it pays homage to the film noir genre and portrays the story of Andrew Laeddis (played by Oscar winning actor Leonardo DiCaprio): a mentally deranged man who, due to his tragic past and actions, is fully convinced he is a US marshal named Edward “Teddy” Daniels on Shutter Island to investigate the alleged disappearance of an inmate from the local mental institution. The film explores Teddy’s inability to grasp reality and accept responsibility in the murder of his wife and 3 children and in the end truly depicts the brutal physical treatments enforced on mentally ill individuals at the time. Scorsese makes expert use of camera shots and angles to visualise teddy’s inescapable challenge. The techniques have a variety of purposes, such as demonstrating Teddy’s power (or lack thereof) and his feelings.
He presents his story in a way that it lets you know you are watching a work of fiction, more in the fashion of a moving painting than traditional film some might say. Thus accomplishing what I call, the art of a making a film look like a film. The Grand Budapest Hotel is his artistic manifesto, combined with masterful storytelling and one of the most aesthetically pleasing cinematography one can ever