It is indicated also in cases where a complete denture opposes a removable partial denture and in cases patients with parafunctional habits.  Advantages of lingualized occlusion The advantages of the lingualized occlusion concept are as follows: the advantages of both the anatomical teeth (i.e. aesthetic and chewing capacity) and the non-anatomical teeth (i.e. less horizontal forces) are maintained, particularly in patients with severe alveolar bone resorption. Vertical forces are directed more centrally on the mandibular alveolar ridge, which gives more stability to the lower denture.
While, treated with HE reduced trabecular bone lesions, especially in the secondary spongy areas and reduced the number of bone resorption pouches and OC. H-HE can also recover the Tb.N, Tb.Th and Tb.Sp just as positive group. CONCLUSION This study has demonstrated that H-HE can effectively increase BMD of the femurs, increased Tb.N and Tb.Th, but reduced Tb.Sp, all of which contribute to the treatment of
PROCEDURE Trephination and excision of donor tissue should always precede that of host cornea. Donor tissue is prepared by trephining a previously excised corneoscleral button. This button is usually trephined to be about 0.25 mm larger in diameter than the planned diameter of the host opening to facilitate watertight closure, minimize postoperative flattening and reduce the possibility of postoperative glaucoma. Mechanical trephination is the standard method although newer non-mechanical laser techniques are more accurate and are preferred by some surgeons when available (Gaster et al., 2012). After donor tissue preparation is done, excision of the diseased host tissue is performed taking care not to damage other ocular structures like the iris and the lens.
Arthroscopically assisted techniques for ACL reconstruction have resulted in smaller incisions without disturbing adjacent uninvolved anatomic structures. The recovery and rehabilitation following these procedures has also been shortened. The advantages to surgeons include visual enhancement and magnification of the intercondylar notch as well as assessing and treating associated articular cartilage and meniscus injuries.15 Various mode of fixation of graft are also available like Tran’s fixation device, end button, bio screws, ligament staples etc. To control rotatory instability number of authors has suggested reconstruction of not only antero-medial but also Posterior -lateral instability. The double bundle ACL has wider contact areas between the bone and grafted tendon than a single bundle ACL via hamstring tendon, which means that only the margins of the tendon graft is anchored to collagen fibres resembling sharpey’s fibres and the tunnel wall in ACL reconstruction.
DISCUSSION The restoration of edentulous maxilla or mandible with dental implants entails a precise and diligent treatment plan along with good surgical skills and clinical acumen. This is essentially true with the posterior maxillary region where maxillary sinus sometimes pneumatizes and restricts convenient implant placement. This situation arises when there is severe bone loss associated with traumatic extractions, periodontal disease and sequel of unreplaced posterior maxillary teeth for a prolonged time and/or a combination of above. The increase in pneumatization of maxillary sinus is because of the higher air pressure in the pneumatized sinus cavity. The maxilla, post-extraction of the teeth tends to consists of thin cortices and spongy cancellous compartments.
To obtain the desired GRWR of 0.8% or more, accurate estimation of graft weight is required. Whenever left lobe graft meets the required GRWR then it will be preferable to use because of easier surgical technique and lower donor morbidity when compared to right lobe hepatectomy.
Laparoscopic surgery is related to a well known complication named as Trocar-site hernias. Trocar size is the essential measure by which most gynecologic specialists choose to close fascial incisions; traditional practice is closure of 10-mm cuts and non-closure of 5-mm incision . Fascial closure does not avoid incisional hernia advancement . Paramedian area and blunt sort trocars are two figures that have been widely discussed and experienced in general surgery and urologic surgery Level II studies as measures by which fascial closure is not required 10-mm and 12-mm cuts . We would suggest surgeons examine fascial closure in 5-mm incisions where broad, prolonged manipulation happened that may have expanded or broadened the initial imperfection
Touch threshold Problem statement Determination of two points threshold (lateral and longitudinal) as function of orientation of ‘alsthesiometer’ on forearm, employing method of constant stimulation. introduction SKIN: the skin is innervated by large and small myelinated neurons. these neurons terminate in various kind of encapsulated endings called as hair follicles. for many years a consented effort was made to correlate specific sensations as cold with the type of encapsulated endings but this has proven fruitless. although the effort to correlate sensations let alone with type of nerve endings has been generally unsuccessful; certain things must be said about the type of ending involved in particular sensation.
The research showed that limb salvage is the first option, unless osteomyelitis is developed, in which case amputation is required. It is also more cost effective to amputate and it requires inpatient rehabilitation. Their findings also included that successful correction allows patients more independence, leading to longer survival and improved quality of life. Many detractors also suggested that surgery is not justified given the risks associated with
Short Course Therapy Standardized short course regimens are an important element of DOTS. TB Programmers using short course therapies have consistently achieved higher cure rates than those relying on longer therapies. Short course therapies are more effective for two reasons: one, they are more efficacious; and two, compliance is higher. Importantly, short course therapies also reduce relapse rates and therefore multi-drug resistance. There is strong and consistent evidence that short course therapies are also more cost-effective.
3. A paw pad laceration’s depth can be assessed once the animal has been anesthetized. 4. First intention would healing is the ultimate goal during the treatment of a paw pad laceration. It allows for the healed wound to have far less scarring and more tensile strength than it would have as a result of second intention healing.
Introduction Urologists are on the leading edge of laparoscopic surgery. It is now considered standard of care to perform in many operations. There are many benefits of laparoscopic surgery for a patient such as less blood loss, less pain, shorter time to oral intake and shorter hospitalization compared with open surgery.1 However laparoscopic surgery is a kind of vigilant work. There is more stressful than open surgery. Laparoscopic technique requires greater concentration and places greater mental stress on surgeons than open surgery.2 The surgeon must stay focus in a long period of time.