The book Animal Farm, is an allegorical novel written by George Orwell in 1944. It was written during WWII as a fable to expose the danger posed by Stalinism and a totalitarian government. The story reflects the events that lead up to the Russian Revolution and into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union. George Orwell was influenced to write this novel in part by his own experiences in a Trotskyist group during the Spanish Civil War and also from his own ideas he had about relationships between social classes and how they relate to the relationship between humans and animals. Trotskyism can be generally defined as a form of socialism lead by Leon Trotsky.
Animal Farm An Anti-totalitarian novel By - George Orwell Key Words Totalitarian Communism - a political system in which one ruling party plans and controls the collective social action of a state. Tyranny - cruel and oppressive government or rule. Dichotomy - division or contrast between two things that are represented as being opposed or entirely different. Treachery - betrayal of trust. Overview (Context) A dystopian Animal fable – Animal Farm, attacks the idea of totalitarian communism in a simpler format by painting a terrifying picture of a world in which personal freedom is non-existent.
Jaewon Shim Ms. Manning English 9B 06 February 2015 Animal Farm Analytical Essay "Orwellian" is an adjective that describes the condition of the society that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society. The adjective suggests an attitude that is controlled by propaganda, the denial of truth, and manipulation of the past. In George Orwell’s novel, Animal Farm, George Orwell develops his ideas about the Russian Revolution through a highly satirical story written in the form of a fable. The characters represent actual people in history during the Russian Revolution, which took place in the years between 1917 to 1944, as it talks about a story of a farm rebelling against a human owner and establishes their own way of running the farm, which was effected by Old Major’s speech who talked about a society where all workers led the society, with no actual leader. However, imbalance of power occur as the pigs, who are the smartest of the animals gain influence by supervising other animals to work.
Dystopian literature explores the dangers of unjust political and social hegemonies which is demonstrated and exemplified through moral and societal decay. They are usually intended to arouse fear of potential totalitarian societies and alert readers of the precarious state of democracy and liberty. Books such as The Handmaid’s Tale and The Animal Farm written by Margaret Atwood and George Orwell respectively, display corrupted societies precipitated by the imposition of totalitarian social orders and agents of oppression hoping to exploit the subservience of the sheeplike masses. The dystopian societies set within in the novels are a manifestation of the authors’ observations of certain ideologies that threaten to catalyze into societal chaos and usurp democratic order. Such ideologies maintain a relevant presence even today, such as fundamental interpretations of religion and widespread government surveillance of citizens, ideologies which the authors embolden us to resist against.
Orwell gives the animals’ human like qualities, which allows for a connection to occur between the real life event of the Russian Revolution and the revolution of the farm animals. What seems like a couples of pigs on a farm feuding is really a comparison of the battle between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Clarke 2 ANIMAL FARM At the time of its release, Animal farm was looked down upon by many and many people tried to ignore the messages Orwell was trying to convey. Animal Farm was a literary comparison of the Revolution, Orwell used the book to mimic the Revolution. He uses
“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” In this case, they are using more equal to justify their preferential behavior. Animal Farm, by George Orwell, is a satire on the Russian Revolution. Satire is a way to use humor, irony, or over exaggeration in order to criticize people’s ideas. Animal Farm illustrates how leaders become corrupt because they abuse their power, the people receive unequal treatment, and the leaders manipulate and oppress the working class. Over the course of the book, Napoleon and the pigs abused their power.
Animal Farm is an allegory, as stated before. The story hidden behind this allegory is the story of the Russian revolution i.e. after the tsar was overthrown. Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin were two politicians who continued to struggle for power over the Soviet Union after the revolution. Later on, Trotsky was defeated by Stalin and exiled to live abroad.
In many cases, writers use this to bring light to a dark topic. George Orwell’s Animal Farm is an allegory. He tells the events of the Russian Revolution in the format of an animal fable. I know the story is referring to the Russian Revolution and Soviet Union because the book was written in 1944, shortly after the Soviet Union fell. Another reason I know Animal Farm is an allegory is because the various events that take place throughout the plot match up with the events that took place during the Russian Revolution.
Society is an aggregate of culture, religion, and social interactions shared by a group of people. In George Orwell’s fictional allegorical novella, Animal Farm, The animals reform themselves by rebelling against humans. Their new governmental system eventually lead to further corruption. This novella is based on the history of the Russian Revolution when the Bolsheviks revolted against the government of Czar Nicholas II. This resulted in a new communist government.
George Orwell’s novel, Animal Farm, was a great example of political satire and allegory. One of the main ideas in this novel was how each event paralleled events from the Russian Revolution. The novel was written to criticize tyrannical rule and particularly Joseph Stalin's corrupt rule in Russia. The characters, settings, and plot described the social disturbance during this period and proved how the good nature of communism could be turned into something atrocious from an idea as simple as greed. The characters of the novel each served a role in the Russian Revolution and Manor Farm itself, represented Russia, with its poor conditions and irresponsible leaders.