Introduction Russia is generally apportioned the benefit of having introduced a political phenomenon that basically provided an alternative for capitalism; communism. Since this concept was only set in motion at the turn of the 20th century, we can therefore deduce that, to a large extent, Russia is, to most people, synonymous with leaders such as Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev. This supposition is entirely based on the premise that the Russian revolution of 1914 inherently altered the socio-cultural and socio-political direction of the nation, bringing into birth a never before envisioned era where Russia was not ruled by the Tsars, but by simple men; men who spoke to and articulated the needs of the masses. To this extent, communism,
Post WWl, Russia was still not industrialized, suffering economically and politically and in no doubt in need of a leader after Lenin’s death. “His successor, Joseph Stalin, a ruthless dictator, seized power and turned Russia into a totalitarian state where the government controls all aspects of private and public life.” Stalin showed these traits by using methods of enforcement, state control of individuals and state control of society. The journey of Stalin begins now.
Patriotic History: 20th century by Igor Dolutsky, discusses twentieth-century Russia through the lens of world capitalistic development of the nineteenth-century and its influences on the Russian Empire at the time. Igor Dolutsky frames his dialogue on twentieth-century Russia by first discussing nineteenth-century western Europe. Particularly, he focuses on the different characteristics during each “echelon” of capitalism. Dolutsky focuses primarily on the bourgeois’s development, growing control, and eventual revolution. The second echelon as he sees it was not entirely capitalistic.
I covered how Putin’s visionary leadership traits ignored key aspects of diversimilarity and show how he was methodical in planning and executing is objectives. I also demonstrated how his drive for success and a lack of open-mindedness made him an unethical leader. Finally, I reflected on my own leadership as it pertains to these lesson principles, and my pursuit to continue growing as a self-aware leader. Perhaps there would be no Russia, as we currently know it, without Putin”, certainly he has shaped his country and has effected countless lives and treasure. Influential Russian author, Fyodor Dostoevsky might have foreshadowed such a leader as Putin in his book The Brothers Karamazov: “He understood very well that for the meek soul of a simple Russian, exhausted by grief and hardship and, above all, by constant injustice and sin, there was no stronger need than to find a holy shrine or a saint to prostrate himself before to worship”.
Joseph Stalin, 1878-1953, established totalitarianism in Russia, and forever changed the nation. He used police force to gain power, and instilled fear in all of his followers. This reign of terror was known as the Blood Purges or the Great Terror. During the Blood Purges, Stalin blamed Russian citizens for crimes he committed, and imposed the worst of punishments on them. Death or being sent to a labor camp, such as Gulag, was the fate of most. From 1936 to 1938, people were being killed over paranoia and no actual evidence. The purges were aimed to efface the threat of political retaliation.
The region has witnessed two bloody wars both committed by the Russian military to suppress the Chechens,who wanted to break away from the Soviet Union and form their own independent nation, just like the ones in Central Europe. A Small Corner of Hell by Anna Politkovskaya is about the stories of local Chechens, who lived under the constant threat of the Russian military and unfortunately most of whose stories have been told are no longer alive today, including the author. This book is particularly important because amidst all the upbeat futuristic promises of globalization, there are regions in the world such as Chechnya whose people till today live in an inhumane situation. Overlooking the injustices that have been done to Chechens would set a very bad precedent and would encourage dictators around the world to freely abuse and oppress its citizens without fear of condemnation or
These regimes need to be looked at both as governments and democratic governments. They argue that there are eight dimensions according to which all democracies should operate and according to which the quality of the democracy can be measured. First, there is the rule of law. Under a rule
The nature of Russian society is characterized by a sense of idealism. Russia’s beliefs of the potential for an ideal future have been pervasive throughout history. In 1920, Yevgeny Zamyatin wrote the short story “The Cave” during the midst of the Russian Civil War, a time when nationalism was at an all time low and people were hoping for a brighter future. In contrast to the goals that sparked the revolution, Zamyatin argues that the Russian Civil War will result in a primitive and decimated society that is ultimately worse off than the society that existed prior to the rebellion.
Through his role model of a true leader and his great charisma he influenced the Russian citizens to contribute towards his vision of a greater Russia. Vladimir Putin is seen, as a strong leader with brilliant psychological skills that had the power and will to make the decisions and take crazy risks, which he thought, was right for Russian citizens. He was highly people oriented since he new the culture and came from the same background as many Russian individuals and he new what they exactly needed and wanted in a president. But on the contrary his management background helped him to direct and control the Russian citizens by coordinating and harmonizing them to accomplish a mutual goal that was based on their needs and wants. Vladimir Putin created strategies, policies based on the Russian culture, values and views.
Russia’s extremely rich history of the 9th to 13th centuries has led us to recognize prominent leaders of Kievan Rus like Oleg of Novgorod, or Vladimir the Great. But of the many leaders that have ruled over Russian provinces, few are as distinct, complex, and memorable as Ivan the Terrible following the rise of Muscovite Russia. Ivan IV was captivating not only in his conflicting reign, but in his tumultuous personal feelings of paranoia and ruthlessness. For years, Ivan IV has been debated as being identified as either a tyrant or a reformer. It is this extremely fine line between these two identifications that classify Ivan IV as distinctly both a cruel tyrant and an advanced reformer.
The Wall Street Journal had given two reasons, which were the restriction of the sales and marketing on beer in Russia, and the Ukraine crisis that further hitting Russia’s economic growth and weakening the ruble. The Moscow Times also agreed with the fighting in Ukraine as one of the causes, but it gave a focus on the Western sanctions against Russia too. This comparison may explain the different focus on the topic “Russia” in local news and international news, as shown in two word clouds. In local viewpoint, they seemed to be more protective and viewed the deteriorating conditions in Russia are caused by external factors. In contrast, international viewed this matter as more on the responsibility of
THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION ___________________________ 1. How could the Russian Revolution have been avoided? What factors could have been changed that might have stemmed the call for revolution? Or, was the Russian Revolution inevitable? Why?
The Soviet Union in Russia used violence to govern their people by exiling or exucuting the bourgeois. The Bourgeois, during that time, had major influence on Russia because of their status, power and wealth. Stalin was the ringleader, as he controlled the population through his swordsman called the KGB. When the Soviet Union was in power twenty million innocent Russain citizans died, and for the people who survivied they lived in famion, fear and fatigue. Therefore, because Stalin killed over twenty million people for his lust of power, Russia was governed by
Therefore, his paranoia was important in generating more rapid change than anyone had thought possible. As an individual, Khrushchev managed to reverse the social changes of Stalin that had repressed Russia. Oxley’s convincing argument that de-Stalinization would enable Russia to “set a new course” to reform “industry and agriculture” shows how Khrushchev created a backlash against Stalin to ease the repression that was stunting Russia, both nationally and internationally. Khrushchev’s secret speech enabled him to distance himself from Stalin’s terror and drive reform. Khrushchev was pushed to this by his political opposition Malenkov, therefore opposition is a more important factor than the individual in de-Stalinization.
However when analyzing the etymology of the word democracy we come to find out that demos means the people and kratia means rule or power in greek. As stated in the article “The Problem with Democracy Today,” contrary to other political institutions who holds the power is not clearly stated “if the regime is a