Equivalently, Hans and Sophie Scholl similar to Schindler fought against the dictatorship and harassment of the injustice tyrant Hitler. When Hitler came to power he wanted to preserve the Aryan race while exterminating and abusing those he believed were undesirable. He used words and pictures to make people perceive flesh and blood as inanimate objects; replaceable and useless. Whether it was out of fear, hate or simply the incapability to see past the glamour he had created, he obtained enough followers to take over the German government. Once he obtained the power he silenced the people through laws, making it so that the slightest criticisms of his view was punishable by death, torture or imprisonment.
Totalitarian Government’s Effect on Citizens in Nineteen Eighty-Four According to a definition from dictionary, Totalitarianism is a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state. How the social/physical regime of totalitarian government affects the society is well shown in the book Nineteen Eighty-Four written by George Orwell. Winston, the protagonist who is secretly against the party, falls in love with Julia and ends up getting caught by ‘the party,’ the totalitarian government. By looking closely at his experience in the book, aspects of totalitarian government can be organized in detail. The party in the book inspires their citizens to obey the party by monitoring , limiting consciousness, and torturing them.
In each of these traumas, the cause of loss of liberty and unbearable living conditions is the oppression by a totalitarian or authoritarian government. The totalitarian or authoritarian government tries to mold the society to be perfect by controlling it in many ways such as: corporate control, bureaucratic control, technological control or philosophical control. Governments are in charge of making sure everyone does what they believe is correct and ideal and that way they ensure no conflict or war. The way they are able to do this is with the use of rules, drugs, serums, fear, and torture. Some methods they use are the elimination of any human emotion and memory that may enable the person to think for themselves.
Caesar had his flaws, but he was only human. Caesar was seen as a serpent who was ready to strike and create a society that revolved around himself and would keep him at the top. On the contrary, even though the conspirators claim to have had the best intentions of Rome in their conscious and actions when assassinating Caesar, Rome still plunged itself into a civil war that disrupted the peace in the nation. Therefore, was Caesar a menace to society even though he led Rome to victory over Pompey, brought peace and created a sense of nationalism in Rome, and enforced the laws strictly in the case of Metellus Cimber in Act 3, Scene
Communism believed in a classless society, while Fascism followed a dictatorship, but maintaining a dictatorship required the suppression of the people. Fascist ideology believed that “war alone brings up to their highest tension all human energies and puts the stamp of nobility upon the peoples who have the courage to meet it,” which requires constant violence to prove power (Lualdi 236). By 1924, Mussolini was able to gain 65% of the vote for fascism, but in 1933, the Nazi party only gained 44% of the vote, and even with a minority ruling party was able to gain control of the government. Both Mussolini and Hitler came into power through legal means, but Mussolini was named Prime Minister in the hopes of avoiding war but after gaining control. Yet after their legal rise into power, they used coercion and violence to further their fascist rulings.
Humans, according to the philosopher Thomas Hobbes, are selfish by nature. In his landmark work, Leviathan, he explains the importance of a strong government in society. According to Hobbes, without a strong system of government people would revert into a primitive state; war would run rampant, the natural law would not be abided, and those once tamed by society would become evil. William Golding based his novel, Lord of The Flies, on a similar idea. In this novel, many characters digress from civility into savagery.
Open-ended discussion question and answer: Question: Why has this government gone to such extremes to destroy individuality? Answer: The government has destroyed individuality because they want to be able to control everyone. They want to be able to control the opinions and thoughts of everyone so that no one speaks against them or causes an uprising. Theme #1 evident in the text (remember, themes are written as complete thoughts) Example: War can change
Fascism is ideology which often uses totalitarianism and nationalism methods. The fascist leaders made people are the subject to the government, and limit the independency of the people, in order to gain the better for the nation. This is somehow similar to absolutism of western Europe during 17th and 18th century. Absolutism had given the monarch absolute power to rule over people, while fascism had given the leader and the nation the power to rule over the people of the state. Moreover, fascism had denied the democratic parliament system, and had only allowed the “elite” to rule over the country.
‘A person’s intellectual make-up bears the clear imprint of the life of society as a whole’. To what extent does the language and structure in ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ reflect versions of masculinity? Both ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ explore the psychological destruction of misogyny within their civilisation. This is predominantly seen through the fact that the Republic of Gilead is so ubiquitous that the nation was instituted for the sole purpose of restoring a true theocratic patriarchy which parallels the social hierarchy also apparent in ‘Kindred’. Every aspect of society works not only to gain control over those of low social standing, but also show a significantly great amount of prejudice against women.
Hannah Arendt one of the most influential scholars who defines Nazism as totalitarianism and describes totalitarianism as a novel form of government and domination (Arendt, 1953 : 303). Arendt explains how totalitarianism operates to transform the society into a total domination as follows, Wherever it rose to power, it developed entirely new political institutions and destroyed all social, legal and political institutions and destroyed all social, legal and political traditions of the country...totalitarian government always transformed classes into masses, supplanted the party system, not by one-party dictatorships, but by a mass movement, shifted the center of power from the army to the police, and established a foreign policy openly directed towards world domination (Arendt, 1953 : 303). Thus, according to Arendt, totalitarianism is “a chaotic, non-utilitarian, manically dynamic movement of destruction” (Canovan, 1999 : 26). In the light of the aforementioned characteristics of totalitarianism defined, Hannah Arendt claims that totalitarianism is incomprehensible since it is not possible to judge or predict its actions through any traditional, legal, moral or common sense (Arendt, 1953 : 303). Therefore, Arendt evaluates the regimes under Hitler and Stalin rule “not only wicked but also senseless, of a kind that could not be deduced from humanly comprehensible motives” (Canovan, 1999 : 25).