He claims to be defining religion as distinct from science, politics, entertainment or any other human endeavour. Nonetheless, because Tylor’s animism is reputed to have arisen from the first thought-mistake of a religious kind, its foundational nature contributed to a debate about what kind of religion was the earliest. The Victorian contest between prevalent styles of Christianity and nascent forms of evolutionary theory are visible in the replacement of the theory that religion derives from (monotheistic) divine revelation but has degenerated into diversity, sometimes and in some places at least, by the theory that “primitive” spirit-belief religion slowly progressed towards its own replacement by
God 's existence has been a continuous debate certainly for centuries. The issue of God 's existence is debatable because of the different kind of controversies that can be raised from an "Atheist as being the non-believer of God" and a "Theist who is the believer of God". An atheist can raise different objections on the order of the universe by claiming that the science is a reason behind the perfection of the universe. In Aquinas 's fifth argument, he claims that the order of the universe cannot be explained by chance, but only by design and purpose. To explain this order of the universe he concludes that, there is an intelligent being whom we call "God".
However there is possibility for religious knowledge to be shared knowledge but it’s not always true. Some indigenous group people believe that after we’re died we got to either hell or heaven but this belief is only limited for this group of people. Also there are people who believe that god exists and also atheist people, so there beliefs regarding or in perspectives of religion cannot be shared knowledge. For example, in Hinduism, we believe in destiny meaning god has planned good or bad things for everyone way ahead. Whereas in Muslim religion, they don’t believe in destiny.
There are many religions around the world. Not only that, there are many religious organizations, secrets and alternative learning programs. Today’s society gives the public the choice to associate themselves with the religion that best suits their spirit and the option on what he or she believes the most. However, the essence is that religions are not so different from each other. Every religion has fundamental questions about the creation of the world, the man, the immortality and the meaning.
So, there are all kinds of cultures in the world. In the Lewis Model, he did not summarize these aspects and mention people’s belief and religion, which can be considered the big distinctions between countries in the world. Everyone has their own belief and every country has their own religion. So, a good model of culture should include all kinds of cultures. Lewis talks about the time that different countries obeyed and the plan that different countries followed in his model, but he did not give the detail about the time and the plan.
“Imagine There’s No Heaven” is an article in which Salman Rushdie, the author, presents an atheistic view where religion is pointless, and a higher being is non-existent. Like most, he questions how humans came into existence, and how the world will end, but rather than using a religious approach, he uses a scientific approach in which his answers are explained by science. His message is that religion has created boundaries for humans to not be able to be themselves. He continues to express that religion acts as a prison for many and as a way to gain power over the few,also to keep us from reaching our potential. He speaks of the deconstruction of religion because it makes people’s need to believe in something for an emotional increase.
The religion which we are going to study is foreign from the idea of divinity and is very different from modern day religions. Such primitive religions do not only aid us in disengaging the constituent elements of religion, but they also facilitate its explanation. Since the facts in primitive religions are much simpler than those found in complex religions, the relations between them are more apparent. The study of primitive religion, as Durkheim suggested, “is a new way of taking up the old problem of the "origin of religion" itself -- not in the sense of some specific point in time and space when religion began to exist, but in the sense of discovering the ever-present causes upon which the most essential forms of religious thought and practice depend”. (1915; The Elementary Forms of Religious Life;
A scientist knows only natural laws of the universe by examples, but the supernatural matters are out of their mind. These supernatural things may be issues of religion, faith, ... The irrational supernatural is often done in areas such as religion and the paranormal, areas which are based on ideas that "exceed" what humanity can truly identify, and where there is no evidence as to science. The supernatural is based heavily on subjectivity, our individual perception of an event according to our personality and our opinions, while science is a set of knowledge. So there is a contrast between the supernatural and science.
Divinity is easily classified as a supernatural state because again, it cannot be proven. The text states that, “There is no supernatural order: there is only one world, the slowly changing human lifeworld, the world that we continually make and remake.” (page 40). To me, this presents the idea that we as humans are the sole controllers of the world around us. The only exception that I would add would be that we must abide by the laws of nature. Gravity and physics still exist, but religion is more of a social concept.
that human was created based on the images of God and most of their views about life and creation comes from there. This perspective is the same as mine because I also have faith in God. Therefore, I think Natural Science is considered as knowledge from stories, because both of Science theory that I mentioned above have not been proven, some people believe but the others not. However, without stories or imagination, science is just like a dictionary. Basically in the past we are not so good at solving a formula, and we never know the suitable methods to solve the problems.