To begin, masculinity is a central trait through which men try to compensate for their race and class subordination. Men use masculinity in an attempt to acquire social status and avoid being subordinated. However, among delinquent boys, masculinity is formed through negative encounters with probation officer, the police, juvenile hall, and school discipline. On the other hand, masculinities are also shaped positively by authority figures in the appropriate circumstances. Manhood is also accomplished through the subordination of women and through culture.
The Japanese culture of samurai always presents male image full of masculinity. The film called "The Last Samurai” will use to analyze the masculinity in Japan present in the media content. In definition, masculinity is socially and culturally constructed that exists on the basis of the biological differences. It about the traits that culture assigns to male and composed of the social codes of behavior while male learn to reproduce the traits in a particular way. The socially given ideal male is the ultra-masculine male who is powerful, strong, independent, leadership, aggressive, and have high social status.
One of the greatest aspects to how a male is taught to conduct himself is through his personality. Planned Parenthood explains the basic structure that can trap some males through hypermasculinity, “They believe they’re supposed to compete with other men and dominate feminine folks by being aggressive, worldly, sexually experienced, insensitive, physically imposing, ambitious, and demanding”(Planned Parenthood). With more detail, when men are shifted towards this exaggerated way there are many more problems beyond not being themselves. When hypermasculinity takes places there is an increased chance of abuse emotionally and physically towards a women. On the other hand men have a one in six chance of being sexually abused themselves.
Fear is the core cause of the dramatic shift of lifestyle for both Okonkwo and Nwoye. Through the management of reputation and the avoidance of their father’s likeness, Okonkwo and Nwoye built new lives for themselves. Okonkwo sought power and authority to prove his masculinity and make up for Unoka’s reputation as a weak man. He did this to the point where manliness became his character. Fearlessness and violence were masculine qualities that in Igbo culture signifies strength and influence.
The conch shell and the sow’s head are two of the biggest ones, because they give impeccable power to their users. The yearning for power is one of the biggest struggles of humanity, and it is portrayed perfectly in this book. Usually, the power comes from a specific source, in this case, it’s the sow’s head and the conch shell. Their users, two extremely different people, control the other boys on the island and use the power either for good or for bad. Ralph wants to unite the boys, while Jack wants to control the boys with fear.
The masculinity crisis is also happening within families, schools, religion, and sports; all of these structures meant to preserve strict gender guidelines for boys and men. What is being done to release the tight hold masculinity has on “being a man”? Boyle raises an important question in her article about the movie Goon, she states, “it is puzzling of why so few people problematized the depiction of enforcing violence and masculinity” (2014). This statement
4. Masculinity and aging There are many factors which may influence masculinity and the extent to which men perceive themselves as masculine. Culture and the social context are probably the most known, but age is another determining aspect that cannot be overlooked since it plays a major role in the deviation from hegemonic masculinity and consequent development of alternative types of masculinities. In youth, men try to hide feelings of vulnerability and weakness. They do not show their emotions and are reluctant to ask for help.
Consequently, the only way they felt was suitable to vent this subdued anger was to return to their upmost primitive and instinctive form of violence. Fight Club thus served as an opportunity for men to fight back their losing touch with masculinity, and became the key for the protagonist, Jack, to achieving his identity. For his charismatic alter-ego Tyler Durden, physical violence becomes the direct answer as well as the necessary foundation for masculinity, and he therefore reinforces the belief of enabling men to reclaim their identities through the literal damage to their present selves, and become “carved out of wood” (51). The narrator, seeing in Tyler all the qualities he admires yet lacks himself, subjects himself to the works and ideologies of Tyler. Jack’s idolization of Tyler is established the very moment they meet in the novel on a beach, where Tyler, exhibiting all the trademarks of virility, is countlessly associated with words of “perfection”.
(CITE) As (NAME) said, we feminize things like relationships, emotions, and expressing oneself. Then we devalue the things we feminize. This not only sends an extremely negative message to boys being told to "man up", but we also allow for a hierarchy between genders to grow. Not only is this idea of masculinity toxic- it 's also unachievable. Men are constantly needing to prove themselves to society.
Tough Guise 1. What are some benefits to boys and men of putting on the “tough guise”? When is it an effective and adaptive response, and when is it self-destructive and dangerous to others? 2. Are there biological reasons why males commit the vast majority of violence?
Katz’s impactful diction challenges men to take action against violence against women by calling it a “men’s issue” and claiming that men have the ability to end it. He begins by addressing the audience with the statement that domestic violence is not limited to just women, but also to men. He is convinced that it is more of a man’s problem than a woman’s because the majority of it is in fact caused by men. Abuse is from man to woman, man to girl, and man to boy, which affects the future generation and allows domestic abuse and violence to continue on. Since in most situations men have more capabilities, power, and authority, he calls on them to help end this social problem.
There is a lot of pressure on men in society to be manly; however, what exactly does it mean to be manly? Though many people have different opinions, a lot of them conclude that a man has to be strong and somewhat emotionless to be considered a man. This assumption can lead to Toxic Masculinity, which is “A false idea that men are expected to be as manly as possible” (The Hard, Adrenaline-Soaked Truth About 'Toxic Masculinity, 2017). Men are forced to face these assumptions not only from those around him, but also from people he might see in Media. Media reinforces Toxic Masculinity which in turn causes men to belittle women.
Both meaning to become brave or tough, this phrase is most often spoken to men who are displaying emotion, and the belief in which the phrase is founded is evident: manliness is not solely focused on appearance, but also, one’s ability to be invulnerable. Jackson Katz, an anti-violence educator, explores the idea of male toughness through references to many iconic men in the media, including the Marlboro Man. All of the men Katz describes in his interview assert their manliness through austerity and impassive behavior, expressing to society that, “interdependence, connection, and relationships [in men] are forms of weakness; that stuff’s for women”. Moreover, a study published in the journal entitled Social Science & Medicine by a University College Dublin sociologist, Anne Cleary, also emphasizes the notion of complete indifference in men. In her study, Cleary highlights the commonalities among fifty-two young Irish men who survived suicide attempts: “all expres[s] reluctance to disclose to anyone the significant, long-lasting emotional pain that had threatened to overwhelm them” (Freed).