Tourism And Globalization

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1. Introduction Tourism is the provisional transfer for people to destinations outside their his/her ordinary environment of work and habitation for less than a consecutive year for any main purpose including holidays, leisure and recreation, business, health, education or other purposes (Holloway and Taylor, 2006). Tourism has made a significant contribution to the global economy. The statistics released by the World Tourism Organization revealed that there were 1138 million international tourists’ arrivals in 2014, which accounted for 6% of the world 's export volume and totally made 1.3 trillion US dollars. It also showed that there was 1 person working in the tourism sector for every 11 people worldwide (World Tourism Organization, UNWTO, 2015). Under the effect of globalization, with the advancement of transportation and communication systems, people can travel around the world conveniently using various means of transports, like traveling by plane, cruise, train, field vehicles, within a much shorter duration of time than before, many of the previously inaccessible places became accessible since the enhancement of the air transports and road systems. ‘The world is shirking geographically’ is theoretically and factually unquestionable. The accessibility of some less-developed countries and far edges of the globe, defined as Africa, South and South-east Asia in this study, has greatly increased. While the resources and tourists’ attractions in the developing
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