In addition, indirectly, tourists influence development of an infrastructure which can provide recreation facilities for both local people and for tourists themselves. Indeed the development of tourism leads to the creation of new jobs and the encouragement of small
Introduction Tourism is often linked as a tool in poverty alleviation. Indeed, the World Tourism Organization (WTO), a tourism-expert division of the United Nations, has assumed along with other international agencies and national governments, that tourism plays a significant role in eradicating poverty which goes in line in achieving United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (Unwto.org, n.d.). Tourism is considered as people-oriented industry and as the fastest growing industry. In fact in 2013, around 52 million more tourists have travelled than in 2012 (Unwto.org, 2014). This growth will oblige social, economic developments such as jobs creations, creation of wealth and other opportunities to revitalise an economy.
Tourism is viewed as an environmentally friendly way to revitalize distressed rural communities and economies (Sekhar, 2003). Tourism has emerged as the largest global industry of the 20th century and is projected to grow even faster in the 21st century. Recently, academicians have paid attention to the changing patterns of tourism as an embodiment of broader societal changes and the shift towards post-modernism. It is said that leisure related activities have become increasingly commoditized, reflecting a global “culture of consumption” (Gupta, 2011). Tourism is one of the world’s most rapidly growing industries and it has emerged as a fast growing sector in terms of employment and income generation.
According to Godfrey and Clarke (2000), tourism can bring many economic and social benefits into destination, such as job creation and money income. In addition to these benefits, tourism can also save national heritage, protect the environment and improve the quality of the life
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION The fastest developing industry in the world is Tourism. According to World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC,1995) engaging approximately 200 million individuals and generating or making a global GNP of 12% , tourism is the largest industry. In the developing countries, with the growth of tourism there are also concerns for sustaining the environment as people have become more and more cautious and aware about exploiting their natural resources. As a result, there is now increasing agreement on the need to promote sustainable tourism development to minimize its environmental impact and to maximize socio-economic overall benefits at tourist destinations. As referred from UN, 2001, tourist activities that manage
Chapter One First, Introduction: Tourism is the fastest growing industry, which provides enormous compensation to both local and global community. The sector participates in financial activities all over the world and it creates wide job opportunities. Great development in the tourism sector remains to have a vast influence on financial growth in several fields as it works as a motivation for economic development. Furthermore, financial growth of the nations improves development of the tourism sector; consequently, an economic fluctuation will have an unfavorable result on tourism. Current credit crunch crisis has evolve from other key crises that have happened in industrial world in recent decades and spread to emerging economies and less
In fact, motivation is one the important contributing factors to explain tourist behavior and choice of destination (Pearce, 2005). The two largest motivations for tourists to visit the less-developed regions are the change of their taste (detailed discussion below) and the participation in volunteer tourism to help build a better life and environmental for the local people in need. To narrow the scope, this study will focus on three classifications of attractions and entertainment, they are Culture tourism, Heritage tourism (Sharma, 2005) and Wildlife tourism (Shackley, 1996) in the developing countries. To be specific, popular tourists’ destinations in developing countries include Cambodia, Nepal, Vietnam, India, South Africa, Morocco, Botswana, Egypt, Kenya, etc. (World Bank, 2013).
Tourism is presently one of the main monetary exercises on the planet adding to financial, social and political advancement of different locales and Krippendorf (1989) contends that we should be mindful to the development of this movement. The hotel industry is one of the main sub-sectors of tourism and Cunha (2003) believes that the hotel industry was one of the in the principal motives for the development and growth of tourism, which has led to increased number of establishments hoteliers, respective size and organizational complexity (Quintas, 1998). Also the national hotel accompanied the growth of international hospitality thus becoming in the activity with the highest weight among all activities covered by the national tourism. Lima (2003)
2. Tourism creates jobs and the standard of living is increased. The cultural heritage is counted as one of the most important feature/component of tourism in many developed countries (Alzue, O’Leary and Morrison, 1998 and Herbert, 2001). Heritage has its particular values, despite, cultural heritage tourism provides many sorts of opportunities but at the same time there are many threats attached to tourism, we should try to minimize these threats with conservative management (Aas, Ladkin and Fletcher, 2005). As per UN-World Tourism Stats (2009), the number of International tourist arrivals was 924 million in 2009 with an increase of 1.8% over 2007.
ABSTRACT Today, tourism is one of the largest and fastest-growing industries in the world and everyone recognizes its importance in the development of any economy. The most striking feature of tourism is that the suppliersof the tourism service stay where they are, and the tourists come to them. India's glorious traditions and rich cultural heritage are closely related with the development of tourism. Tourism has a significant economic impact at almost all levels— international, domestic as well as regional. It generates employment and income, which ultimately leads to a generally increased level of economic activity in the country.