There are many kind of wildlife. So take these opportunities and focus on tourism. Tourism nowadays attracts more in traditional of a country. They usually want to experience how the living, the culture, and the nature of a countries. If a multinational corporation want to invest or make some branch these will help the growth of economic in Madagascar, also help in improving the infrastructure and some renovation to that country so the tourist will attract and feel ease when visit the country because of good environment and condition infrastructure in that country.
To achieve sustainable economic growth Sri Lankan Government has already recognized “Tourism” as a priority sector. Nevertheless, mass tourism has its own negative effects such as environmental and socio-cultural degradation. Various forms of alternative or sustainable tourism such includes, ‘nature-based tourism’, ‘ecotourism’ and ‘cultural tourism’. As an outcome of increased global awareness on environmental issues, tourists are increasingly becoming environmentally oriented. In this background, ecotourism can be and alternative form of tourism that promises to minimize negative impacts of mass tourism while providing sustainable income to communities.
Sustainability in tourism is based upon 3 dimensions economic, socio-cultural and environmental. According to WTO, Sustainability in Tourism is meeting the needs of today’s tourist and at the same time maintaining and protecting nature and tourist destinations, and increasing the prospects of sustainability in future. Sustainability is extremely important because the growth of Tourism industry is dependent on management of economic, ecological and aesthetic constraints and social compatibility, and at the same time maintaining biodiversity, retaining cultural integrity and developing a system that supports
Changes brought by the development of tourism can be seen in such aspects as natural resources, environment, consumption patterns, socio-economic systems, as well as pollution degree. Correspondingly, sustainable tourism has become an issue top on the agenda for the survival of the whole industry. However, before rushing into any actions, it is important first to understand the definition of sustainable tourism. Basing on UNEP and UNWTO (2005), sustainable tourism can be defined as “Tourism that takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities”. Suggested by the definition, a balance among local environment, economy, and socio-culture must be achieved to guarantee the long-term sustainability of destinations (ibid.).
In Jamaica, the government is making an effort to capitalize on this opportunity in order to improve the country’s reputation as an ecotourism destination and grow as a nation. Jamaica is using its beautiful beaches, diverse flora and fauna and picturesque sceneries, as a means of attracting tourists, who are now gearing towards the exploration of the natural environment. Attracting more visitors to the island through ecotourism ultimately leads to economic growth which aids in the advancement of the country. Increased foreign exchange earnings, employment opportunities and foreign investments fostered through ecotourism may be used to boost economic development in Jamaica. Body: Claim I I.
Social Benefits: Tourism uplifts the true identity of a place or a country by showcasing distinct characteristics of their ways of life, arts, history and culture and also by preservation the customs and tradition which may be at risk. Environmental benefits: Tourism provides financial support for the conservation of ecosystems and natural resource management, making the destination more authentic and desirable to tourist and also it adds more value to the local tourism. Economic Benefits: Tourism provides job opportunity to the community, such as tour guide or hotel housekeeping, travel agent, etc. Indirect Employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production and retail. Tourism also helps in alleviation of poverty in mostly developing countries where tourism is the main source of income.
The rural tourism experience should be attractive and sustainable for the host community. The rural experience must capture the uniqueness of the Indian village with its traditional way of life and livelihood against the backdrop of rural India. It must also provide tourism facilities in terms of accessibility, accommodation, sanitation and security etc. Sustainable tourism activity in the rural area must harmonies well with host community. While benefiting the community economically it must stand with the social fabric and improve the quality of life in the
But it is being noted that considering the sustainability of the communities, the travel sector has to be sustainable, with minimal impact on the climate. Global climate change has huge consequences, the same tourism sector that benefited the locals can suffer a blow if auto-mobility is not controlled and maintained at sustainable levels. The local tourism sector is an asset to the local economy which in turn effectively contributes to the financial and economic exposure of the international tourism. International tourism is closely related to the roles of local and regional economy. If the local economy sees a notable growth, then it is obvious that the whole international tourism sector will benefit from it.
However two terms; pro poor tourism and sustainable tourism may overlap. Achieving social benefit is one of the aspect of sustainable tourism whereas it can be a means for pro poor tourism for poverty reduction. Advantages • It provides economic benefits; generates part time and full time employment through small and medium enterprises by selling to tourism business and tourists as well. • It generates other social benefits such as access to potable water, roads, improved access to markets, improved health facilities and educational opportunities etc. • It also creates opportunity for the poor to participate in decision making and helps to improve their livelihood by securing better access to tourists and tourism
Many national tourism policies are drafted and actions plans are adopted in this regard. Since the tourism industry provides a lot of benefits to the country, it is imperative for the public and private sectors to improve the satisfaction of the tourists and consequently survive in the competitive tourism industries. Based on the 2018 budget presented by the Prime Minister, Dato Seri Najib Razak, a sum of RM2 billion fund with interest subsidy of 2% is allocated for the Small and Medium Scale Enterprise (SME) tourism industry. It will be provided in term of soft loan to the tour operators. This initiative will create opportunity among youth to venture into the tour operator business, thus providing healthy competition in the tourism industry.