Tourism Motivation In Tourism

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2 Literature Review
2.1 Introduction
The purpose of this section is to review the existing literature on the theories of tourism motivation, how it relates to tourism experience, the concept of luxury and luxury shopping and how the hedonic factors in tourism motivations relates to the luxury tourism experience.

Conclusions are presented based on the reviewing parts and a conceptual framework to analyze the effect of hedonic motivations on the luxury tourism experience based on Goossens’s framework and experience theories.

This will help establish a base line in the literature review of these research areas and identify gaps in current literature, which justified the aims of this study.

2.2 Tourism motivation
2.2.1 Motivation
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However, inside the one motive theory, we could observe different constructs and dimensions. Crompton (1979) suggested nine push and pull motives. They are 1) escape from a perceived mundane environment 2) exploration and evaluation of self 3) relaxation 4) prestige 5) enhancement of kinship relationship 6) regression 7) facilitation of social interaction 8) novelty 9) education. McGehee et al. (1996) implied five push motives 1) sports and adventure 2) cultural experience 3) family and kinship 4) prestige 5) escape and six pull motives 1) heritage and culture 2) recreational activities 3) comfort and relaxation 4) outdoor resources outdoor resources 5) resort enclave and 6) budgetary…show more content…
Traditionally, special interest tourism includes adventure tourism, sport tourism and health tourism. There is also art and heritage tourism, education tourism and cultural tourism. It is also be predict that special interest travel would dominate the tourism industry in the next decade since it is more customized and targeted.

Wine tourism is a popular subject in recent year and there are many researches around wine tourism. Undoubtedly, wine tourism belongs to luxury tourism since wine is a typical luxury. To define a certain type of tourism in the context of special interest tourism, they are not legally defined and these tourism are defined from the perspective of tourists. Tourists who have special interest in sport and they could have a sport tourism and normally sport activity are the main experience in the travel.

The special interest tourism is also defined by the destination such as rural tourism. Special interest tourism is also defined from the experience. When there is a more detailed form of special interest form of tourism occurs, it would be classified into a big category due to the motivation. For example, Mueller and Lanz Kaufmann (2001) suggested that wellness tourism should be regarded as a subcategory of health tourism since it is pursued by “healthy” people, whose aim is preserving or promoting their

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