Travel And Tourism Case Study

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Introduction
Ghana abounds in several tourism attractions of historical and ecological importance. These sites play host to a large number of tourists from around the world predominantly Europeans for example Mole National Park, Kakum National Park and the Cape Coast Castle and West Africa Historical Museum. This research will involve case studies from three selected tourism destinations in Ghana namely the Laribanga Eco village, the Daboya Cultural Village and the Salaga Slave Heritage Site all in the Northern region of Ghana. In this study, I will focus on tourists' attitudes towards hosts to help understand the quality of the tourism experience of visitors. This is important to know because tourist satisfaction is assumed to be heavily
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Two very useful models for determining residents attitudes and support for tourism development in an area – the Doxey’s Irridex index (1975) and the Butler’s destination life cycle model (1980) – predicts a change in residents attitude and involvement in tourism over time. Differences in residents’ attitudes have been reported to vary in space. Thus depending on the geographical location of the community, residents will exhibit varying attitudes towards tourism and tourists in general (Faulkner and Tideswell, 1997). Therefore an understanding of resident attitudes across different regions or locations certainly would broaden knowledge on the number of factors (behaviours) – with the potential to influence tourists and host perceptions – which could further increase the explanatory power of behavioural models in tourism studies. This paper again contends that tourists’ towards residents at a destination would vary with respect to the nationality or geographical region of the…show more content…
McElroy (2003, as cited in MacElroy et al., 2007) posited that there are varying interpretations to what one may consider as harassing or not thus what is good marketing to the hawker especially in a developing country may be considered as harassing behaviour to the tourist or visitor”. In most developing countries, “tourist harassment” is not seen or considered a crime and hence not studied to provide empirical figures that could draw attention by governments and policy developers in tourism (MaElroy et al., 2007). This explains one of the reasons for a deficiency in literature on the harassment of tourists at destinations. Another challenge to the study of harassment according to literature is the difficulty in objective quantification of the experience since it is a subject one. In other cases, visitors are short stay occupants and may not feel the occurrence is worth the irritation of reporting or because of anomie, and may be ignorant of what to do when confronted with harassment at a destination (McElroy et al., 2007). Usually, the lack of physical evidence and information on the nature, degree and location of the happening, experts in charge of the destination have their hands

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