However, post-tourists avoid „must-see“ tourist spaces, having been fed-up with their media over-representation. Urry (1990) developed the concept by interpreting post-tourism as a quest for sensations pertaining to extraordinary life that is different from the everyday life. Extraordinary experiences might not neccessary involve a criterion of authenticity, sometimes all that it takes are pure fun and
This metaphor expresses the belief that their personal responsibility is minimal; resulting in apathy and seeing no need to help. In addition, people that are aware of the specific situation, might take for granted that someone else has already helped the victim or that help is about to arrive, so they see no reason to intervene. (Garcia, Weaver, Moskowitz & Darley, 2002). In the same vein, another contributing element to the fact that the victim is less likely to receive help when there are many bystanders is that the psychological expense one has when not offering help is often less when others are around due to personal responsibility reduction. Another issue, is that since an individual is harder to be recognized in a group and has a feeling of anonymity from being able to go unseen in a crowd, he is less likely to be judged personally for not helping and thus less likely to get involved (van Bommel, van Prooijen, Elffers & Van Lange, 2012).
4.0 The mix of Stakeholders involvements in the development of Tourism in Ghana Stakeholders are very important in the development of tourism in the country. The stake holders of Ghana tourism include Ghana Tourism Authority, Government, Ministry of Tourism, Traditional rulers, Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Ghana Investment Promotions center (GIPC) etc. these stakeholders has various functions and performs different roles to help in the development of tourism in the country. It is known that Government and the locals are the important stakeholders in tourism developments and sustainability in a country (William and Lawson, 2001). Freeman (2010) stated that an organization can be characterized by its relationship with the organization
internet and the characteristics that impact tourists’ behavior towards selecting a suitable destination to visit. It has also been acknowledged that tourists’ personal income as a household, prices on the destinations and alternative prices of other destinations and exchange rates (Ðeri, et al., 2007; Sirakaya E. W., 2005) affects tourists’ decision making process to visit specific tourism destinations. However the empirical studies failed to examine the gap on high or low income earners with potential tourism background wishing to visit destinations of their choice from developing countries to developed nations. The studies failed to measure how these differences between tourists with lower income levels can be affected and how tourists in
In China, one of the most urgent problems of the implementation of the concept of sustainable tourism development is its connection with the restriction of the potential economic benefits for the participants of the tourism business, which leads to a grudging acceptance. The view is shared by K. B. Ghimire, Z. Li (Ghimire, K. B., & Li, Z., 2011). Previous research has not always found that the main problem for foreign tourists is the lack of tourist information and other kinds of social ties between China and Eastern
De Kadt （1992） contended that the compulsory call for community control via alternative tourism often neglects the tendency of the local elite to adopt the organs of participation for its own benefits and of the possibilities that these communities will become dependent on outside experts owing to their lack of prior experience in tourism planning （as cited in Tosun, 2000）. Participation in tourism by different interest groups varies with differing groups’ power, objectives, and expectations from community participation, and these factors shape their attitudes towards forms of community participation（ Tosun, 2006）. In relation to the policy formulation and implementation of local tourism in a community, Cascante （2010） studied how a community agency, （i.e. a construction of local relationships with ingredients, such as strong social interaction, community-wide participation, open communication, tolerance etc.）, used to increase the adaptive capacity of local people in a small village of La Fortuna, Costa Rica and attained the sustainable social, economic and environmental goals of local social response mechanisms,
Refusing to ask for help One of the most common mistakes made by inexperienced PMs is the belief that asking for help will make them seem incompetent in the eyes of their peers and management. Refusing to seek out help can result in schedule slippages, and cost overruns. If the PM delays too long in seeking help, the number of options to correct the problem can diminish. Solution: The owner should encourage PMs to ask for help at the earliest possible time, but not to expect the owner to be the dumping ground for all problems that the PM cannot resolve. 18.
Internal constraints limiting tourist from sustained responsible behaviour come from the lack of knowledge on sustainable tourism, the ability to understand the negative impact caused by their acts and the belief that one person cannot make a difference (Shove & Warde, 2002, pp. 230-252; Mont, 2004, pp. 135-153). In order to steer tourist towards sustained responsibility, more knowledge and a better understanding about sustainable behaviour patterns is necessary. Budeanu (2007, pp.
Cultural tourism refers to forms of tourism that highlight the cultural, heritage or artistic aspects of a destination or experiences and activities for the tourist. It relies on living and built elements of culture and refers to the use of the tangible and intangible past as a tourism resource. Culture describes the total way of living built up by a group of human beings, which is transmitted from one generation to another. Therefore cultural tourism embraces both the meaning; it is experiential tourism involved in and stimulated by a great variety of things- the performing arts, visual arts, festivals, cuisines, history, experiencing nostalgia and other ways of
Municipalities have the national mandate to promote tourism development within their areas with an aim of bringing a positive social change, for example, job creation and infrastructural development. This notion of development is also advocated by the White Paper on Environmental Management (DEAT 1997), which sees development as the process of improving human well-being through a reallocation of resources that involves some modification of environment. Therefore the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality has the mandate to promote tourism development by using the assets that fall under its jurisdiction. Tourism continues to be a growing part of the economy and is currently the largest exporter and has surpassed gold as a foreign exchange