12. Through the wide range of services needed to satisfy its requirements, tourism creates new activities of considerable importance which are a source of new employment. In this respect, tourism constitutes a positive element for social development in all the countries where it is practised irrespective of their level of development. 13. With respect to international relations and the search for peace, based on justice and respect of individual and national aspirations, tourism stands out as a positive and ever-present factor in promoting mutual knowledge and understanding and as a basis for reaching a greater level of respect and confidence among all the peoples of the world.
Introduction to tourism Tourism is a very broad and wide industry that involves a range of businesses, organisations and government agencies which come together and delivers different levels of product and services to complete the tourism experience. Every party in this industry contributes to an overall holiday experience for the customer – starting from destination marketing to the ground level experience. This industry tries to provide the best of the best product and services for their customers and not compromise on the quality of products and services. "Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries which deliver a travel experience comprising transportation, accommodation, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops
Tourism is go for diversion, relaxation, religious, family or business purposes, normally for a constrained span. Tourism is usually connected with global travel, however might likewise allude to go to somewhere else inside of the same nation. The World Tourism Organization characterizes voyagers as individuals "setting out to and staying in spots outside their standard surroundings for not more than one successive year for relaxation, business and other purposes". Tourism has turn into a famous worldwide recreation movement. Tourism can be local or global, and worldwide tourism has both approaching and active ramifications on a nation's parity of installments.
According to Beech and Chadwick (2006), Goeldner and Ritchie (2009), Hunziker and Kraph (1942) and Feuler (1905), tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries which deliver a travel experience comprising transportation, accommodation, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home. 2.2.2 Tourist A tourist
ICOMOS (International Scientific Committee on Cultural Tourism) 1997 Cultural tourism can be defined as that activity which enables people to experience the different ways of life of other people, thereby gaining at first hand an understanding of their customs, traditions, the physical environment, the intellectual ideas and those places of architectural, historic, archaeological or other cultural significance which remain from earlier times. Cultural tourism differs from recreational tourism in that it seeks to gain an understanding or appreciation of the nature of the place being visited. UNWTO (World Tourism Organization) 2004 (Cultural tourism) represent movements of people motivated by cultural intents such as study tours, performing arts, festivals, cultural events, visits to sites and monuments, as well as travel for pilgrimages… it is also about immersion in and enjoyment of the lifestyle of the local people, the local area and what constitutes its identity and
Tourism is an industry which had started from long time ago. It can be traced back to Ancient Roman Empire time where people start moving out of their usual environment. As time passed, tourism industry had greatly expanded. Nowadays, many types of tourism had existed and the responds are overwhelming by the consumers. Different types of tourism had been created in order to find for the niche market.
Their perceptions are crucial to the development for the definition of tourism. Therefore, tourism may be defined as the activities, processes and outcomes by the relationship and interaction among the tourist, government, suppliers of the tourism, the host communities and the environment that surrounding the destination which involved in attracting and accommodating of the visitors (Goeldner & Ritchie, 2009). According to Goelner & Ritchie (2009), there are four different perspectives of tourism can be identified from the tourist, business operator who providing goods and services, government of the host destination area and the local community. The first group is the tourists or visitors. They are the group who search for various travel experiences and satisfaction physically and psychologically.
Tourism is viewed as an environmentally friendly way to revitalize distressed rural communities and economies (Sekhar, 2003). Tourism has emerged as the largest global industry of the 20th century and is projected to grow even faster in the 21st century. Recently, academicians have paid attention to the changing patterns of tourism as an embodiment of broader societal changes and the shift towards post-modernism. It is said that leisure related activities have become increasingly commoditized, reflecting a global “culture of consumption” (Gupta, 2011). Tourism is one of the world’s most rapidly growing industries and it has emerged as a fast growing sector in terms of employment and income generation.
Tourism is presently one of the main monetary exercises on the planet adding to financial, social and political advancement of different locales and Krippendorf (1989) contends that we should be mindful to the development of this movement. The hotel industry is one of the main sub-sectors of tourism and Cunha (2003) believes that the hotel industry was one of the in the principal motives for the development and growth of tourism, which has led to increased number of establishments hoteliers, respective size and organizational complexity (Quintas, 1998). Also the national hotel accompanied the growth of international hospitality thus becoming in the activity with the highest weight among all activities covered by the national tourism. Lima (2003)
Tourism, strictly speaking, `is travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family or business purposes, usually for a limited duration.’ This definition covers most areas if tourism however not all because nowadays people travel for different reasons. I don 't look down on tourism. I live in Hawaii where we have 7 million visitors a year. If they weren 't there, there would be no economy. So I understand why a tourist economy is necessary.