Trends In Industrial Relations

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Industrial Relations are “Employer-employee relationships that are covered specifically under collective bargaining and industrial relation laws” (Business Dictionary). Since the complexity and variety of industrial relations, the paper presents the results of a research project focused on trade unions. This paper aims at analyzing trade unions in Austria, Italy and Russia, in order to find (1) How does the trade union movement differ in Austria, Italy and Russia and (2) in which context does this influence the society in these countries? First of all, in order to develop the above-mentioned questions, an overview of Liberal Market Economies and Coordinated market economies is presented. After that, the contemplated countries are classified…show more content…
Due to the wide-ranging topic of industrial relations, the following paper draws the attention to trade unions. The trend of declining power of trade unions and the development of alternative forms of worker representation are challenges for the field of industrial relations. This includes a rethinking of the future implications for this field of research (Tapia, Ibsen & Kochan, 2015). These factors can be indicators for the failure of unions and collective bargaining and created an intellectual crisis for industrial relation studies (Müller-Jentsch, 2008). In this context there comes up the following research question for this paper: How does the trade union movement differ in Austria, Italy and Russia and in which context does this influence the society in these countries? 2…show more content…
Austria, in Europe, is one of the few countries where trade union’s background is composed of a central body, with seven sub-unions. The sub-unions of ÖGB are not independent; consequently, the central body has the power in term of finance and negotiations over each of the seven unions (Blaschke, 2005). Moreover, a peculiarity of ÖGB is that it does not identify itself with a political party, but it has established close contact with the parties. This is feasible thanks to the political groupings’ structure, which have formal rights inside the union structure (Fluton,
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