The advantages brought by the colonial era to the African continent abound. According to the author, one of the most important benefit of the colonialism is formal education, modern way of curing diseases and environmental sanitation. It was however argued that the purpose of colonialism was not meant for the benefit of the African people. In case of disarticulating affairs related to government and political structure the author has indicated that––the boundaries of the countries themselves were mostly totally artificial, they had been created at the European politicians with little or no regard for African’ multitude of pre-colonial nation-state and small-scale village communities. Since, the African Nationalist said that independence given to African is false because true freedom comes with economic independence and the author calls this kind of practice as Neo-colonialism.
Mbiti has taken a step forward in trying to Christianity and Islam must be considered indigenous and traditional religions in Africa, because of their deep historical roots of the continent (223). So powerful is the argument may seem, it is worth noting that the view has not gained acceptance by many researchers. Some researchers, for example, E. Bolaji Intogou, Christopher J. Opuku Ejizu Kofi Asare and others want to keep and use the "traditional" word for the initial experience of the sacred is grown from the African people and the expression of this practical experience through various different ecological and socio-historical. What should be stressed, however, that the term "traditional" does not mean that African religion is static or unchanging from one season to another. According to the original meaning in Latin, trader, the term implies that the life experience and expression are delivered from one generation to another.
2.1. Achebe; Life under the British Colonial Rule Chinua Achebe, who died in March 2013, proclaimed as the father of African literature, was and is still considered the most renowned African novelist of the post-colonial era. He was born in the traditional
He spent His 40-year ministry in prison and in exile. In spite of great hardships and the opposition of the most powerful people in the Islamic world, Baha'u'llah persisted in spreading His message of unity and peace, authored the equivalent of 100 volumes (which form the core of the Baha’i Holy Writings) and called on the world's leaders to reconcile their differences and establish true justice in the world. (A short summary by author) 2. Abdu'l-Baha (1844-1921): The name by which Baha'u'llah's son and appointed successor,
It is evidently visible that many people stereotypically view Africa as a country that is primitive and uncultured. However, some novels that have been distributed over western society introduce the fact that Africa in reality does have established civilizations and is filled with culture just like any other country. Chinua Achebe, author of Things Fall Apart, exemplifies this idea by demonstrating the rituals performed, the government structure, and other aspects of the Igbo tribe. Achebe believes most people are ignorant to African culture and clearly indicates this view to his audience. His main character, Okonkwo, is a wealthy Igbo member who struggles with the missionaries’ arrival to Umuofia.
'Methods for seeing' made Berger a major name and his feedback of western social feel was basically valued. In 1972, Berger's another book "G." got distributed, which was a sentimental sarcastic fiction, set in Europe in the nineteenth century. It earned him the James Tait Black Memorial Prize and Booker Prize around the same time. For the most part all through 70s, Berger worked together with the Swiss chief Alain Tanner and co-composed many scripts for motion pictures like, 'La Salamandre (1971), 'The Middle of the World (1974)', and 'Jonah will's identity 25 in the year 2000 (1976)'. Berger's major unreliable work amid the 1980s had been a
If Things Fall Apart had been written is a different time, how and why might it differ? Chinua Achebe, the author of the post-colonial novel Things Fall Apart, founded a Nigerian literary movement which wrote about the traditional oral culture of its indigenous peoples in the 1950’s. Achebe sought to convey understanding of this culture in response to novels, such as Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, which portray native Africans as primitive, socially backward and language-less. In his novel, Achebe shatters the stereotypical European litera-ture in which Africans are described as primitive and mindless savages. "The writer cannot be excused from the task of re-education and regeneration that must be done.
When African writers cannot adequately express African socio-cultural reality in a European language, they resort to the use of indigenous words and expressions.”(1996) Chinua Achebe expresses his concern about his failure in expressing his African experience through the use of pure English. He prefers a new variety of English – ‘still in communion with its ancestral home but altered to suit its new surroundings.’ (1965, 62) Vassanji has extensively used native words and expressions to substantiate the characters’ authentic ethnicity and cultural
Abstract: Chinua Achebe, the recipient of Man Booker International Prize,2007, has one interest which is to be responsible to the fate or destiny of his people and society. Achebe as an African writer, his writing especially novels portray the various colors and texture of the post-colonial African reality. Observations such as socio-psychological impacts influence the author and so the literature. Hence, the post-colonial literature is described in The Empire Writes Back, as "what each of these literatures has in common beyond their special and distinctive regional characteristics is that they emerged in their present form out of the experience of colonization and asserted themselves by foregrounding the tension with the imperial power and by emphasizing their difference from the assumptions of the imperial center. It is this which makes them distinctively post-colonial".
INTRODUCTION Things Fall Apart is a historical novel it set in Africa during the era of colonialism. In this novel, Achebe has developed the Theme of “traditional verses change” and offered a powerful presentation of beauty, strength, and validity of traditional life and values and the disruptiveness of change. Even so, the author does not appeal for a return to the ways of the part. While deploring the imperialist’s brutality and condescension, Achebe seems to suggest that change is inevitable and wise men…. reconcile themselves to an accommodating change.