When Germany gained power again and resisted the obligations of Versailles, other European powers became alert and saw the need for new alliances. They all feared another war. Nationalist fascist leaders gained power in Germany, Italy, and Spain. These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany. It wanted to get rid of its financial obligations and restrictions of the treaty of Versailles.
1) Challenges against the newly-formed Third Republic, started right after its foundation. Although overwhelming defeat against Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War in 1880-81 was the Second Empire’s fault, peace deal signed between the Third Republic and Prussia. Republic, even from its very beginning, lost significant prestige and France’s “grandeur” (greatness) in the eyes of her rivals both inside and outside. On the one hand, monarchist, which hold the majority in parliament expects the humiliation of the Republic and republicans in order to proclaim a new system and the third empire, on the other hand, Unification of the German Empire created a vital threat not just the French influence in Europe also French sovereignty itself. In addition to that, the Republic had challenges in the system itself between making reforms to implement a fully democratic order and creating a secular republic which create “état laic”.
Not only was this a sign that the world did not cooperate with each other, but it was also another sign that explained why the nations did not meet frequently at the World Court, which was made to solve arguments. There were many arguments between key European nations, such as Britain, France, Russia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary. They eventually split into two groups. Germany was a major threat to the world, especially when World War II broke out, but this is discussed
“By purchasing the territory from France, the United States was directly antagonizing Spain”(3). The newly expanded borders of the U.S. were right along the area the Spanish owned, potentially resulting in war, which the American citizens certainly did not want. Along with the potential conflict with Spain, came the possibility of conflict with the Native Americans already inhabiting the land. Aside from these potential international problems, there were also internal conflicts. “Prior to the Louisiana Purchase, a geographical and political balance existed between slave and free states, with neither side possessing the population or political power to force an agenda upon rival states”(3), but the addition of new states would completely overthrow the
Slowly Bismarck’s Realpolitik changed to Wilhelm’s II Weltpolitik. Weltpolitik included aggressive diplomacy, overseas colonies and the development of large navy. So his foreign policy with Great Britain, France, Russia wasn’t successful, also with Austria-Hungary. In general Kaiser Willhelm II’s foreign policy on these countries leaded to the First World War.
They hated each other. So with the assassination of one of the Austrian royal member, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, This caused A-H to have a proper excuse to start a war. They actual had to start a conflict because if they ignore this assassination it would greatly injure their status and prestige as a great power. Prestige and status was important at the time, countries would want to compete each other, to be the most powerful nation in the European power. Because of its importance at the time, countries are forced to do action that was unnecessary and that would start conflict.
This was most important because different countries would not be involved if they weren’t allies. Before the war happened, Russia, France and Britain had formed an alliance- the Triple Entente. All three countries think that Germany would be a threat to them. Russia thinks that Germany’s army base is too big; UK thinks that Germany’s wealth and navy increased to threaten UK; The relationship between Germany and France had been sour as Germany stole a land from France, and had been in a long-standing feud with Germany from then. Then, Austria-Hungary and Germany formed an alliance with Belgium and the Ottoman Empire joining in.
Stalin’s death, the end of the Korean War, UK’s lukewarm support and France’s delays (as France was both occupied with decolonisation and was evermore begrudging towards German rearmament and towards having West Germany as an equal within the EDC) contributed to the EDC’s failure in August 1954. According to S.F. Goodman (1996), “the plan for a European Defence Community failed because the United Kingdom would not cooperate as a result of its commitment to the defence of its remaining empire.” Britain has often been criticized for not doing more for European unity and denying supranational authority to institutions such as the OEEC, the Council of Europe or the European Defence Community. “Bevin’s government was criticised for being anti-European; this was not the case – simply, his vision was more to foster intergovernmental cooperation more than integration via supranational bodies.”
Eventually, laying the foundations for the formation of the largest global empire in history. The desire for expansion within the British empire arose due to a culmination of heavy losses in terms of warfare, particularly with France at the end of the hundred years’ war, great envy toward their rivals, a longing for exotic commodities, but also a crippling debt in the monarchy was a key factor. In the 16th century, however, the state neglected to fully commit itself to help fund voyages of exploration, settlement, and colonisation, due to a lack of resources. T. O. Lloyd, in his book ‘The British Empire 1558-1983’, explains “The government certainly had no money to spare to help the colonies, and this introduced the general rule that English colonies had to cover their own costs.”
Germany, unfortunately was already demonstrating impressive military might in Spain. Initially Germany had rejected the leaders of the military uprising request to help the military uprising during the Spanish civil war in the 1930’s but eventually Hitler relented and gave Germany’s support. This battles gave the dictator an excuse to test-run his army and leave a bold impression on the world. In addition, Hitler’s interference brought Germany closer to Italy, who was also supporting the military uprising,, ultimately befriending the Italians and gain a potential ally for his struggle against the British and the French. This friendship didn’t go unnoticed in the eyes of the allies and weariness began to
Danielle Aldrett Friday only Founding Brothers Assignment Preface: Critics: Defenders: Its focus on giving the people so much power, means that the government may be more vulnerable to being overthrown and just not dependable. Does not focus on strong central nor local government, but on giving the people a voice in their country. They’d have issues developing a system of parties and would have people questioning the systems too much.
The anarchy that manifested from the imbalanced of power and liberty by the Articles of Confederation and the dysfunctional nature of the military caused mistrust between Americans and their Continental army. As a new country, the mistrust shed the light on how America, in the midst of a revolution, needed an adamant central government in the event that there is another war or national
With all this political uncertainty going on the united states had a division of its people, those that supported Britain and those that supported France parties because of all the political uncertainty. The federalist party that was led by alexander Hamilton did not support the revolution and wanted to continue relations with Great Britain. The leader of the French democratic-republican party was Thomas Jefferson that believed
Charles then appointed two catholic ministers to the Cabal, this issue was clearly one which could have been avoided had Charles been more shrewd. Charles did little to address the role of parliament and did nothing to solve the problems that had to led to war. The fears of Catholicism were reignited when James II took the throne; he was a political liability from the offset announcing he was a catholic, this lack of political awareness allowed him to be the brunt of suspicion. Consequently he was later removed from the throne as he posed a threat to the Protestant religion and the rule of law. James’ personality alienated the political nation; to such an extent that it was not divided over opinion, but completely rejected him.