Traditional Art Vs Modern Art

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During the 20th Century many artists turned against the traditional art media of painting and sculpture. At the beginning of the 1900’s the industrial revolution caused a huge influx of technological advances and with the invention of the camera, painting and sculpture were no longer needed as a form of documentation. This meant art was purely created for art sake. This opened up great freedom to artists and allowed them to truly experiment with their practice. In turn a mass of 20th century art movements exploded on the scene. In particular the 1960’s saw the rise of conceptual art. This meant art was no longer about true depiction but more about the idea or concept behind the work. A shift toward non-visual components began, where the idea, not necessarily the made object, was seen as the art. Artists grew impatient of the institution and waiting for their work to be accepted into a canon before it went on display to the public. They wanted their art to be seen immediately and rejected typical methods of display. This led to a turn against traditional art media such as painting and sculpture and toward much more experimental practice such as the readymade, installation and performance. Lucy Lippard characterises this period as the “Dematerialisation of the Art Object” a reference which I will draw on throughout this essay. (Lippard, 1973) Art began to breakdown into its simplest forms with movements such as “Minimalism” and “Abstract Expression”. Traditional art media

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