Amusing the Million by John F. Kasson uses Coney Island as a turning point in American history before World War I. Coney Island at the rise of a new mass culture during the twentieth century allowed society to be free from the ever so conformity that the government has bestowed upon them. Being free from the urban industrialized genteel control; the creation of Coney Island served a purpose to detach from the formal culture in which they were living in. This era has sparked cultural freedom with that gave society a thrilling new find in amusement parks which went against societal genteel norms. Coney Island was used as an escape from the industrialized life that wanted to establish civil order. Kasson explains the turn of the century that encompassed educators, critics, and genteel reformers who took charge in controlling the public.
The designers had an idea to escape from the eclectic and heavy past. Artist began drawing inspirations from organic forms in nature and played with true geometric shapes. Previous art movements saw art such as sculpting and painting as superior to the decorative art forms and this time around designers wanted to move away from that view. Art nouveau sought inspiration in modernisation and at this time industrial production was at its peak since its inception. Believing that the previous art movements were too frivolous in their decorations, they wanted to bring in form to function.
This milestone painting had wrecked all of the customary rubrics that artists followed, particularly the one which defines art as imitation instead of
With the invention of cameras and photography in the 19th century, one of the main functions of painting as a way of documentation is changed and lost with such availability in technology. Is it in my opinion, that the purposes of art and it 's capabilities were reconsidered and experimented by many artist from all over the world. The status of art had to be redefined in order to remain itself a prominent role in the development of artistic and social cultures. Realistic representation of subjects was no longer deemed important and necessary by many artists, and art needs to capture what photography is incapable of. In my essay, I will attempt to discuss two paintings: Pual Cezanne’s “bathers” and Adrien-Jean le Mayeur de Merpres’s ‘Temple festival in Bali’ and their relationship to the change and transformation in the Art practice of the late 19th century to 20th century.
Photography had been existing for many years, in which various photographers discovered / invented many types of different movements with their ability of being artistic, one such example is straight photography. Pure photography is another word for straight photography, and refers to photography that attempts to depict a scene or subject in sharp focus and detail, in accordance with the qualities that distinguish photography from other visual media, particularly painting. Pure and straight photography was a style in the 1900's to the 1930's that overlapped Pictorlialsm moving away from the pictorialism style. The pure and straight photography was basically that the photograph should look like a photograph and have the characteristics of a photograph. For example it needs to include, all the visual elements of Depth of Field, details in contrast, and no hand manipulations.
In the early 1900s the modernist believed that their art should show the true nature of society and the world that the Victorian society never allowed anyone to see. The extreme advancement of technology and medical science that was created during the industrial revolution sent the world into a massive shift to people going from having strict religious views, along with being taught how to act and dress. To have varying religious views and dressing and acting in ways that have never been seen before with new hairstyles and clothing that were considered to be offensive and horrible. This amount of change in such a short period of time considering that humans aren 't inherently good at handling change lead to that feeling of being alone in a world where you don 't feel like you belong. This shift hit a massive turning point when World War 1 began and the world got its first view of what total chaos looks like.
By the late 1800’s, art in Europe had taken a very academic turn. In order for artists to be taken seriously they would have to attend one of the many arts academies that were around at the time. They had to commit to a detailed and long study of lines form texture with the main aim of creating paintings of idealistic figures and landscapes, etc. A lot of the people who did this thought academic art was not good and reacted to this. They believed art was not meant to be studied, but instead was meant to ‘flow through the soul’ and ‘twist through the consciousness’, and ‘decorates life with its beauty’.
According to G. Warren , the Art Nouveau style came around the beginning of the 20th century, it already existed before through the Arts and Crafts movement but definitely got its name at the “Exposition Universelle” in 1900. At this period a lot of people were welcoming the new possibilities brought by the second Industrial Revolution such as new materials, ways of production... Some designers believed that it was important to come back to the roots of the designing of a good and also tended to believe that art could not be taught like a science because it was something more spontaneous. Indeed, with mass production, they seemed to think that all the creations were copies of what was already existing art and machines were doing a great part of the work. Art Nouveau was then a way to go back to “craftsmanship, simplicity, and ‘nature’” .
It seemed like after Pollock nothing else could be done, it seemed as if he had come up with the last new invention and the art world was now saturated. To think about art in these terms is quite depressing. Yet we still managed to create more innovative art. The same way modern art was truly and deeply influenced by the innovations of the Industrial Revolution, which profoundly also affected culture and the socio-economical situation, the contemporary world is very much influenced by 3D printers, graphic design computer