Once the British realized the detrimental effects of the slave trade a ubiquitous effort began on the behalf Africa. The three main directions that these efforts took were the establishment of colonies of freed slaves, the faltering of the slave trade, and finally the missionary endeavors in Africa. Booth states that all three of these resulted in the large participation of blacks in establishing Christianity in west Africa. One of the main arguments used to support the colonization was that Africans can best evangelize Africa. This claim was supported by the European’s difficulty in surviving from malaria, resulted in a place for blacks in the early days of missionaries in Africa.
To be commended are also some anthropologists such as Mercel, Griaule, Victor Turner, Edward E. Evans-Pritchard and others. Going back to JS Bolaji Intogou and E Mbiti, as Christians, sought to deny the alleged inferiority of African missionary religion and even argue that traditional religions are the foundation upon which Christianity was entrenched in Africa. For these theologians, the Africans had known God before the missionaries came. Refusing to swallow Western arrogance, Mbiti made clear, the missionaries who brought the Gospel in Africa over the past 2 centuries did not bring God in our continent. Instead, they were God led.
“But apart from the church, the white men had also brought a government.” This is a quote from the text “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe thats shows the first months of European colonization of Africa. Colonization is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. This is what occurred when the Europeans invaded Africa and took control of the African people and implemented different government systems and religions. Overall colonization occurred because European powers wanted to gain more economic power which caused the people of Africa to be stripped of their freedom and forced to adopt a whole new way of living. Prior to European colonization, Africa consisted of many different cultures and ethnicities.
EFFECTS OF SLAVE TRADE ON CHRISTIAN MISSION, A CASE STUDY OF YORUBA LAND/BADAGRY INTRODUCTION The history of introducing Christianity into West African coast is tied to other developments which affect the West African people either negatively or positively. The same people who came with the gospel came in with other things including slave trade, which have effects on the West Africans especially the Yoruba tribe. While differentiating between slavery and slave trade, Janneh opines that the term slavery and Slave Trade are often confused with each other though there are differences between them. Slavery had been in existence before the slave trade introduced by the European. To a European, a slave was regarded as the personal property of his
The first Muslims in the country settled in the Cape peninsula as slaves around the 1600, under apartheid in the 1940s Muslims were restricted to different spatial localities characterized by race (South African History Online). In this period, much of their investments in religious amenities were either abandoned or destroyed due to the notorious Group Areas Act which sought to keep races apart (South African History Online). In spite of this setback, Muslims were able to reconstruct their religious identity by rebuilding their places of worship and religious amenities through a system of charity known as Zakaat a considerable number of mosques, cultural amenities religious schools and were established to preserve their religious identity and way of life. With Westernization, there was increasing fear that the next generation of youth will lose their sense of religious identity, an effort was made to help youth to preserve their identity in schools through compulsory religious education through vernacular
Africa has one of the most greatest cultures it was even said that “The earliest stages of human evolution began in Africa about seven million years ago.” Early African culture had many great cities and empires like the Kushite/Meroe empire (800B.C.E.-400C.E.). Even though this empire was influenced by Egypt, it developed its own culture, with unique art practices and a writing system. African groups had made contact with other cultures of course and because of this those cultures had influenced the African culture. The Axum empire (100-400 C.E.) had began when Arabic cultures infiltrated Ethiopia in northeast Africa by the seventh century B.C.E., the first Christians arrived from Syria in the fourth century C.E.
For example “Christian prayers have been added, and Jesus has replaced Obasi as the central deity” (Abani 2004: 291). This shows the roots of the culture are there but they have truly been distorted. The growth of western culture is creeping in like a weed slowly smothering African culture until Western culture is the only survivor. This consistently becomes more prevalent when you see the increase in African missionaries instead of just white or Anglo-Saxon
Following from Taylor, a lot of studies worked on assumptions, after he had branded and formulated a class of African religious beliefs, beginning with animism and then progressive to ancestor worship, polytheism, and finally monotheism. When the missionaries arrived, the move was already strong opposed to ATR. At home, in Europe, and North America, opinions were fixed, so that missionaries arrived in Africa with their minds set against a religion which was perceived as satanic and vain. ATR had no chance proving its legitimacy. When colonial governments were established in Africa, they worked with the understanding that ATR was
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra-”land of the Afri” for the northern part of the continent. Africa was discovered by Henry the Navigator during the Age of Discovery in the 15th century. Africa before the Iron Age, the earliest indigenous people, the San, were nomadic and they survived by hunting and gathering. “Many scientists think they preferred the lives of the nomads because there was more food, resources and because their low numbers protected them from invasions and migrations “.The Bantu-speaking people were the first African people to farm with both planting crops and animals.
Edmonds and Michelle A. Gonzalez the late colonial era in the Caribbean was marked by an explosion of religious traditions that both drew from and challenged the normativity of Christianity. Large numbers of Africans that were imported for slave labour on the plantation introduced a variety of ethnic groups and their cultural heritages to the Caribbean. They attempted to negotiate their own diversity and their contact with Europeans by creating religious traditions such as Santería, Palo Monte, Abakuá, and Voodoo, with devotees that crossed ethnic lines. The religious-philosophical system of Espiritismo, who were among Spanish colonists, became an alternative for Catholics who were indeed becoming alienated from the institutional Catholic Church. Santeria The most apperceived designation for the religious practices of Yoruba scions in Cuba is Santeria.