Traditional Knowledge In Water Management

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Water has a strong tie to the physical and spiritual wellbeing of humankind (Pälsson, 1990). Regardless of the differences in religion, culture and social norm every person depends on water. Pagan, Christian, Buddha, Islam and other religions have strong connections with water as a spiritual component or means of cleanliness before their God (Abrams, et al., 2000; Groenfedt, 2006 and Chuvieco, 2012). However, through these diversities, and teachings of religions and traditional institutions have direct or indirect influence on perception of natural resources management. Every religion reflects the concept of dominion of man on natural resources – everything is created and given to serve man. Moreover, the ideology of stewardship to protect…show more content…
But the role of traditional knowledge should not be overlooked for the modern philosophies in the process of development as far as there is a community who have long experiences with traditional water management style and who have related it to their wellbeing. Since any endeavor that ignores the local condition unlikely to succeed. To enforce this idea, the international council for science was described local knowledge described as follows:
“Traditional knowledge is a cumulative body of knowledge, know-how, practices and representations maintained and developed by peoples with extended histories of interaction with the natural environment. These sophisticated set of understandings, interpretations and meanings are part and parcel of a cultural complex that encompasses language, naming and classification systems, resource use practices, spirituality and world-view.” (ICSU, 2002)
Naturally one size never fits all. Some management practice may be successful in one part of the world and it may not be true for the other part of the world, most importantly, because of cultural and religious differences (keeping in mind the climatic, technology and the education level of the receiving
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Qanat, the traditional water extracting and transporting technique, is very common in central and East Asia, morocco and Spain, has a long history. This system is believed to practice before a century (Beaumont, 1989 and Canavas, 2014). The drive of the practices traditional water managements is typically the water shortage. Arid regions where there is poor rainfall distribution have adopted Qanat as a means of survival and whereas dry-wet and semi-aridsregions which have relatively better rainfall in an intermittent way stick to rainwater harvesting practices either by constructing ponds, allowing the runoff percolate to a sand reservoir or other many techniques mentioned in (Akpinar Ferrand, 2014). In any of these cases, the driver is the environment. Those communities in the regions have practiced these for centuries before the modern technologies able to support them and almost it has become part of their

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