Traditional Model Of Public Administration

2855 Words12 Pages
The administrative and governance system in India has been constantly struggling to transform itself since the last two decades. Moving away from the traditional model of public administration which was left back by the colonial masters has been a challenging task for India. Traditional model of public administration was the theoretical foundation of governance in a number of countries around the world in the post industrial revolution era. The underpinning relationship of this model of public administration was command and hierarchy which translated into the domination and control of certain groups over number of individuals. The central assumption of the classical approach to public administration was that hierarchy involves direct control,…show more content…
Citizen participation is the most valuable element of democratic citizenship and democratic decision making. The classical approach had reflected an indifferent and impersonal attitude towards the people who constituted the organization. The mechanical nature of the administrative set up proposed ignored the humane aspects and devalued the participation of the people in the decision making process. The participative management came as a critique of this model of…show more content…
The choice of model of development to be adopted for the independent country sparked a debate between the Nehruvian model of development which focused on centralised planning along with industrialization and improved contribution of science and technology and the Gandhian model of development which focused on decentralization with each village being a little republic, self-sufficient in its vital wants, organically and non-hierarchically linked with the larger spatial bodies and enjoying the maximum freedom of deciding the affairs of the locality. Political realities led to the dominance of the Nehruvian model of development and India rushed on to a path of industrial development. However, Gandhian ideas found place in the revered Constitution of India as the Directive Principles of State Policy. The DPSP symbolized the policy actions of the state in the democratic framework which heavily depended on the equality of all human beings, their right to participate in social and political transformation and the right to development and to live in dignity. Gandhi wanted political power to be distributed among the villages in India. Gandhi preferred the term ‘Swaraj’ to describe what he called true democracy. This democracy is based upon freedom. Individual freedom in Gandhi’s view could be maintained only in autonomous, self-reliant communities

More about Traditional Model Of Public Administration

Open Document