Strategic planning plays an important role for an organization. It is a discipline and process to guide decisions, actions and shape what and why the organization is and does. Strategic planning and long-term planning cover several years. However, strategic planning requires organizations to check what it is and its working environment (Christine, 2015). Strategic planning also assists the organization to focus its attention on those key issues and challenges.
CONCEPT 3: THE RELEVANCE OF STRATEGIC PLANNING IN NURSING PRACTICE This concept is taken from Block 2, Module 3 which is entitled as ‘Elements and Process of Administration-1’. Strategy can be defined as plan of action designed to accomplish or fulfill a certain task. Planning is the act of making course of action or formulating plans. Margaret Rouse defined Strategic planning as a review and planning process that is undertaken to make thoughtful decisions about an organization’s future in order to ensure its success. 3.1 Personal context Strategic planning is an important planning process that is of great help to the organization.
It is pointed out by Ansoff that firms in fast-paced, competitive environments who use a systematic process for strategic planning very often go on to dominate their marketplace. Their logical, analytical approach allows them to devise predictive and pre-emptive strategies from which they can meet new opportunities head on. What's more, this approach makes it possible to organise complex activities and exercise a greater degree of control over different business
Strategic planning gives a clear framework with criteria for us to make day-to-day decisions. It also helps to identify fragmentary and unaligned choices and personal value judgments. This strategic planning encourages the commitment of the entire HO in order to achieve the planned results and this is why it is an important element in institutional cohesion. An organization that has better strategic planning and applies it consistently can help to raise up corporate reputation. A strategic plan is the systematic way that describes how your company applies the chosen strategy.
It can thus be seen as “a process by which managers discover where they are, where they want to go, how they believe they might get there, if they are getting there, and, as they proceed, if they still want to get there”. To do this efficiently and effectively, planning must take into account both the company’s complexity and its relevant environment. It does so in many ways, which include forming different levels of planning. Effectiveness of anticipation: The starting point for strategic planning is anticipating an action. The results of this process are plans (outcome-based instructions).
Intensive economic development and industrial expansion in relation to different nations has been focused by the classical approach to organisational design. Moreover, various techniques related to production have been focused by the classical approach. While on the other hand, contingency approach to organisation design is diverse because it is diverse in relation to formal schools of management. Moreover, the one best way management principles has been identified by the contingency approach, which is applied to all the organisations. While on the other hand, the experienced managers recognise that all the situations and people must be handled identically.
Strategic management as a term and concept is not new. The term was first used in the 1970s, and it meant that a staff of strategic planners more or less thought up strategic programs and then tried to sell them to decision makers. In the 1990s, the view of strategic planning and strategic management is much different. Goodstein, Nolan, and Pfeiffer’s definition of strategic planning takes us away from the notion that strategic planning is a staff job and focuses us more on a process that requires the senior leaders of an organization to set its strategic direction. It is defined as the process by which the guiding members of an organization envision its future and develop the necessary procedures and operations to achieve that future .
Strategic approach is trying to point out all the possibility in the negotiation and try to find the option which can meet the need for all the people. The method of negotiating strategy in mathematics, decision theory and rational choice theory causes, also benefited from a significant contribution to economics, biology and conflict analysis aspect. This approach were seen as making them aware of the substitute who calculated these options will maximize its purpose is "proceeds", often described as the "return" to guide rational choice makers. Actor "Selections" to select from the possible actions to try and achieve the desired results.This kind of negotiation can consider in all the stakeholders’ strategies and find out the selection without conflict. The basic concept and goal of this approach is cooperation.
The author states the importance of ‘syntheses, drawing together various sources of information to create this direction. He further writes that Formal planning is always dependent on the conservation and reorganisation of established categories and the established types of products, overlaid on the current units of structure. But real strategic change requires not merely rearranging the established categories, but inventing new
Far from simple strategy, understanding the strategy allows us to understand and work with its complications through the theory to understand its logic. A strategy theory provides the basic terminology and definitions, and explanations of the basic assumptions and premises, and the substantive proposals translated into testable hypotheses, and methods that can be used to test hypotheses and modify the theory, as appropriate. Why study the theory of strategy? This definition viewpoint is located in the "content" aspect of the strategy, which it states is strategic. In classic sees widespread strategy as a process of good long-term planning, vital to securing the future.