Fred Fiedler Leadership Style

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Leadership is an action of guiding a group of people or an organization towards achievement of a particular goal or objective
Management is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives through effective and efficient use of resources available which includes planning, organizing, staffing, leading and taking control over an organization in attainment of the goal or target.
Traditional theories of leadership are theoretical beliefs or customs handed down from generation to generation concerning leadership ability.
Contemporary theories of leadership refer to theories that are on use for leadership in present times. Traditional theories of leadership and management
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Fiedler states this style to be a relatively fixed part of one’s personality and change is difficult. This brings his contingency views, which suggest that the key to leadership success is compatibility between the type of style of leadership and situation. If your score is 73 or above, Fiedler considers you to have leadership which is relationship motivated; Scoring 64 and below, he considers you a “task-motivated” leader. If your score is 65-72, Fiedler considers to be both relationship motivated and task motivated leader.

4. Leadership style.
Here are four leadership styles discussed as shown below.
System1: Exploitive Authoritative - management uses fear as well as threats; communication flow is from high position to low position. Accountability is in the hands of the people at the upper levels of the hierarchy. Subordinates are not trusted by superiors. The decisions are imposed on subordinates and no freedom at all for discussion of things about the job with their superior.
Challenge: Poor team work or communication and motivations associated with
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Transformational
Leadership is responsive Leadership is proactive
Works within the organizational culture Works to change the organizational culture by implementing new ideas
Employees achieve objectives through rewards and punishments set by leader Employees achieve objectives through higher ideals and moral values
Motivates followers by appealing to their own self-interest Motivates followers by encouraging them to put group interests first
Management-by-exception: maintain the status quo; stress correct actions to improve performance. Individualized consideration: Each behavior is directed to each individual to express consideration and support.
Intellectual stimulation: Promote creative and innovative ideas to solve problems.

4. Strategic Leadership is the ability of influencing others to voluntarily make decisions that enhance the prospects for the organization’s long-term success while maintaining long-term financial stability. While transformational leadership is built on personal qualities, strategic leadership is more impersonal, being concerned with relationships between the external environment and an organization’s mission as well as its implementation (Maghroori & Rolland 1997). Strategic leaders interpret external events to focus on threats and opportunities for influencing followers’
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