Congestion: A Threat to the Economy. Traffic congestion is a nightmare. Congestion is a situation on road where it slows down operation, increase vehicular cost and cause longer trips. It is a common problem for many cities and countries. And it is a severe problem in the Philippines.
For the duration of the century in which the automobile industry has been located and apparent in Los Angeles, numerous political controversies have taken place, influencing the population into having divisions and ‘taking sides’ for the topic. However, the three main ones are the debate around jaywalking, the death of public transportation and the safety and well being of drivers and pedestrians put into question. 1.1
As demand approaches the capacity of a road (or of the intersections along the road), extreme traffic congestion sets in. When vehicles are fully stopped for periods of time, it is colloquially known as a traffic jam or traffic snarl-up. Traffic congestion can lead to drivers becoming frustrated and engaging in road rage. Causes of traffic congestion include factors such as the country’s public transport infrastructure, which is failing to keep up with the rapidly growing developments in the cities that require people to travel in and out on a daily basis. There is an estimated one lakh of vehicles travelling on roads per day; this includes mixed traffic such as cars, trucks, two-wheelers, and pedestrians.
Traffic congestion is a situation on road networks that happens as use increase, and its characteristics are slower speeds, longer trip time along with increased vehicular queueing and it occurs when the demand of traffic is great enough leading to the intersection between vehicles slows the speed of the traffic stream (Wikipedia 2014). Nowadays, with the development of our modern life, traffic congestion is getting worse than ever and it soon becomes one of the biggest concern of the world in the twenty-first century. According to ‘Traffic Congestion and Reliability: Linking Solutions to Problems’ 2013, since 1982, the levels of traffic jams have increased in cities of all sizes leading to many negative impacts on our environment and economy.
The majority of road accidents are causing because of the lacking of people awareness. According to World health organization there were 1.25 million road traffic deaths globally in per 2013 , with millions more sustaining serious injuries and living with long-term adverse health consequences. There are several reasons behind the road accidents, among these one reason is ‘unfamiliar with the accident prone areas’ and another reason is ‘sleeping during travelling’. It will be helpful if somehow travelers are warned about the danger zones identified as accident prone areas. Accident prone areas refers to these areas where the percentage of road accidents is much high like Dhaka-Chittagong highway.
An act prohibiting modification of mufflers to increase noise emitted from exhaust systems. The noise level in our cities is rapidly increasing. This is due to heavier traffic and more powerful engines. On top of that there is a growing number of vehicles which are much louder due to the fact that their owners install or modify mufflers which can be heard from a kilometer away. Vehicles with modified mufflers are highly distracting in traffic and can cause accidents since they mask sound and agitate drivers.
There is also inadequacy of public transport. During peak hours, density creates discomfort for users as the system copes with a temporary surge in demand. For example, long queues are formed for buses going to outskirt locations such as Gabane, Mmopane, Kopong, Bokaa, Ramotswa,
Would you take part in doing one little but effective thing, if that one thing can make your country traffic better? The number of people using private vehicles in Phnom Penh has increased surprisingly in recent years. Traffic has always been a concern in Phnom Penh. The traffic situation is getting worse and worse day by day, but it seems like there are not many people seem to pay attention to this. According to Urban Voice Cambodia (2015), small roads and many vehicles are the root causes of the bad traffic.
The condition of pavement in the cities is a major problem in the road transportation. It creates discomfort to the users, increase operational cost, increase travel time and also affect the safety of road user. Overall it affects the road transportation system. This paper presents the qualities of pavement that should
Increasing traffic delays have brought down travel speeds. Air pollution causes many serious diseases and accounts for thousands of deaths. These problems are compounded by the fact that in many cities there is a lack of funds to finance the maintenance and development of urban transport and road systems. Some adverse effects of the motor car are: Road damage costs - Road damaging is basically caused by heavy vehicles as the damage to the road pavement increases to the fourth power of the axle load. Therefore road damage costs should be proportional to the damaging power so almost all costs should be paid by heavy trucks.