Thus, I would argue that Plato was simply defending Socrates from the ‘sophistic shadow’, by praising him as a philosopher. To first understand my interpretation of Plato’s defense, one must understand the development of the word ‘sophist’ and how it became a derogatory term. Before Plato the word ‘sophist’ was a well-respected title. However, as this definition changes, from here onwards ‘sophist’ will refer to a pre-Socratic sophist, a wise man. While a ‘neo-sophist’ shall hereafter refer to the men who use rhetoric and false arguments to sway others, something prominent during Plato’s time.
Socrates views on Justice and Injustice In Plato 's The Republic, he sets out to inform the readers the theories of Socrates based on the topic of justice. He explains of what Socrates believes to be justice and why should we be just. This philosopher points out that it is better to suffer injustice then to do injustice. However, others disagree with Socrates. Polemarchus believes in showing justice to friends but harming enemies.
What if every known thing in the world turned out to be misguided? What if people within the world learned ways of life and adapted to environments only to find out that it was all a lie? In "The Allegory of the Cave" from Plato's "The Republic", the same questions were considered and analyzed by Socrates, the speaker of the story. The Philosopher Socrates explicates his allegory of great curiosity to Glaucon, a man of whom Socrates shares his wealth of wisdom with. Socrates' purpose in expressing the allegory is to show how the human race may not always see the truth but rather convince themselves that what they see is the truth.
Glaucon believes humans are restrained by consequences and human’s happiness comes from being an unjust person rather than Socrates’ belief of being just truly leads to happiness. The passage written by Plato goes in to great detail of how Socrates defends his position and how Glaucon defends his position as well but then leaves the reader to formulate his own opinion. With both Socrates’ position and as well as Glaucons, it is clear to see that Glaucon has the more rational reasoning within the debate of who’s happier, the just or unjust person. In Plato’s writing, The Republic, Glaucon challenge Socrates to describe justice and to give reasoning to why acting justly should be believed to be in anyone's self-interest. Glaucon claims that all goods can be distributed into three classes:
Socrates expresses that, “[they] want the guardians of [their] city to think that it’s shameful to be easily provoked into hating one another,” so they, “mustn’t allow any stories about gods warring, fighting, or plotting against one another” (378b-c). This passage further illustrates that censored stories will only be used in the education of the guardian class to cultivate in them morality and perfection. Socrates does not care if the general populace exhibits these specific traits, only that the guardians do, thus making the oppressive tactic of censorship only necessary for a small portion of the populace. Later on, in Book III, Socrates further expresses that this censorship is only for the guardians in stating
His father is a man of good and, since he despises everything his father loves and stands for, okonkwo uses anger to teach his son a lesson. If unoka was a man of fists and anger, along with okonkwo hating what his father stands for then perhaps the out would have been different. Perhaps okonkwo would be an actual good person and not abusive towards his family. In the end it shows that okonkwo is actually a sympathetic character. He just uses his fists to get his point a cros than actual words some just don 't see it and think he is an unsympathetic character.
Oedipus lived back in the times of Greek Gods where tragedy came from their curses towards the people who did something wrong. While Arthur Miller’s theory of tragedy is that “the common man is as apt a subject for tragedy in its highest sense as kings were”. He knew that tragedy is also something that occurs in modern times just as in Greek times. The common man could be anyone that decides to create his own free will. Miller believed that “the flaw…is really nothing and be nothing, but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status” meaning that a flaw does not really exist but it is the will of a man to fail.
For this, Alcibiades admires Socrates. Socrates speech cannot leave him unmoved; conversely, he realizes that the life he lives is not worth living. Even though perception of this hurts him and he tries to avoid hearing Socrates’ teaching, he still cannot deny that Socrates does his job as nobody else. He feels ashamed and “embarrassed” (216c). Nevertheless, why?
The authors note that Learning specialist Grant Wiggins describes Meno as a "conventionally successful student … [whose currency is] thoughtless mastery” (84); the authors elaborate on this description to say that Meno is “incapable of original thought, totally dependent upon the ideas of others” (84). Alternatively, the prevailing scholarship holds Socrates to be “the wisest of men and the greatest of teachers” (84). Thus, Meno is historically left with to blame for the outcome of Plato’s “Meno”. The first reason as to why the authors deem Socrates a bad teacher is his lack of communication of his expectations. In the dialogue Socrates makes no clear objective for Meno to strive for.
After speaking with Cephalus about justice, Socrates moves on to speak with his son, Polemarchus. Initially, Polemarchus’ definition is similar to that of his father’s. Polemarchus believes that justice means that you should help friends, and harm enemies. Knowing Socrates, he clearly was not going to willingly accept this definition; there are always exceptions. According to Socrates, depending on the occupation of an individual, there are multitude of ways to “help friends” and “harm enemies”.
To better elaborate, Euthyphro was trying to explain to Socrates, what his belief on piety (the quality of being religious or reverent) and impiety (lack of piety or reverence, especially for a god) were. This was brought up due to the topic of Euthyphro thoughts of murdering his father. Proceeding onward, Socrates thirst for knowledge and comprehend made him pose the questions of what piety and impiety really mean. Euthyphro did
In Plato’s Apology, Socrates defended his charges of corrupting the youth by saying he was only providing service to the god that acknowledged him of being wiser than anyone else. However, Socrates was eventually sentenced to death and his thoughts regarding death soon followed. He argues that death is not a bad thing – it is either relocation to a pleasant afterlife or the end of existence. One could easily reason that relocation to any form of heaven is considered good. On the other hand, it would be very reasonable to assume that death being the complete end of existence is an extremely bad thing.
Socrates’ trial is still debatable to this day. Some people believe that Socrates should have been let out but others believe that Socrates deserved to be punished . In the Greeks perspective who was right? Telling by Greeks history, their opinion, Socrates punishment had the right to be Justified. Socrates corrupted youth/ made them believe something different, and made them believe in something different.