When the Cherokee nation tried to defend their land, they sued the state of Georgia for the protection of their lands. They even went to the Supreme Court after Georgia revoked legal state agreements that they had with the Cherokee’s, that had guaranteed rights of movement and jurisdiction of tribal law. Even the Supreme Court couldn’t help the Cherokee Nation because Georgia law does not apply to Georgia law. In 1838, President Martin van Buren used the New Echota Treaty and forcibly removed any Cherokee that was still on the land. “ Sixteen thousand Cherokee began the journey, but harsh weather, poor planning, and difficult travel resulted in between 3,000-4,000 deaths on what became known as the Trail of Tears” (yawp).
Trail of Tears Native Americans have lived in the United States much longer than anyone of different decent. Way before Columbus ever thought about sailing the ocean blue the Cherokee tribe and others vacated the Southeast part of this country and it was rightfully their home. However they were kicked out from their homeland, where multiple generations of their families have lived for hundreds of years. This obscene removal is now known as the Trail of Tears, and this paper will demonstrate the impact it had on the Cherokee. It will be told how they lived before they were forced out, advise what led up to their removal, tell about the extreme conditions and illness that they faced, and inform what has happened to the Cherokee after the Trail
After the British and French war, Peters’s family, hundred members of the Black Guides and Pioneers evacuated from New York to Nova Scotia. However, “in Nova Scotia the dream of life, liberty, and happiness became a nightmare. Some 3,000 ex-slaves found that they were segregated in impoverished villages, given small scraps of often untillable land, desprived of rights normally extended to British subjects, and reduced to peonage by a white population whose racism was as congealed as the frozen winter soil of Nova Scotia.” (Nash 7). At this new place, African Americans were treated really badly. The whites would call out African Americans by saying racist things and not accept them more than slaves.
On this day, the rain falls hard as if the sky was sobbing on the auction below. Other than the selling of Emma which disconnected her from her loving family, one major event was the escape of Emma and her friends away from their plantation, towards freedom. As you can see, this novel is heartbreaking and powerfully dramatic with a roller coaster of events. Setting Analysis: This book takes place in Georgia, Kentucky, and Philadelphia during the late 1850s and early 1860s. In the beginning of the story, the story takes place in Savannah, Georgia on the Butler plantation.
Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act. But the actions caused by that where very harsh and taken very badly for the Native Americans. Even all the people in the south were for it and it wasn’t even alright for the Native Americans. “The New Echta treaty was used to expel 1,700 Cherokee's from their Southern homelands. In the winter of 1838- 1839, 14,000 sauntered 1.200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into Indian land.
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma. While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”.
The long walk of the Navajo’s was the forced relocation of the Navajo nation in 1863 to 64. The reason for the forced relocation was to the deterioration of U.S. Native relations in the west as well as the continuing expansion into the west. More than 200 Navajos died in the march from exposure, starvation, and disease. The march was led by U.S. Army Cpt.
Due to the sustained threat of attack by Native Americans on the Cumberland, the Donelsons soon moved north to Harrodsburg, Kentucky. It was there in Harrodsburg that Rachel married Lewis Robards at the age of eighteen. By all accounts, it was a most unhappy marriage. By this time, Rachel’s father had died and her mother had returned to Nashville. After separating several
Private John G. Burnett accounted his military experiences in 1839 as follows:"I saw the helpless Cherokees arrested and dragged from their homes, and driven at the bayonet point into the stockades. And in the chill of a drizzling rain on an October morning I saw them loaded like cattle or sheep into six hundred and forty-five wagons and started toward the west.” A direct result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, this was the harsh reality for more than 20,000 Native Americans living in America’s southeast (“Cherokee Removal - The Trail Where They Cried”). In order to acquire more land for white settlers and farmers producing profitable crops in the south, President Andrew Jackson proposed a plan for removal in 1829 (Stewart, 37). This plan was signed into law in 1830 as the Indian Removal Act. The act only gave the president the power to negotiate relocation with southern tribes; however, when many Native Americans resisted, the government turned to much more damaging and harmful methods of expulsion (Stewart 38).
Authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the mississippi in exchange for lands west of the mississippi, in exchange land within state borders. During the winter of 1838 the cherokees were forced to move west by the United States government. Four thousand cherokees died on this walk, which is known as the “Trail of Tears”. This is why Andrew Jackson was a bad president, because of the cruel indian removal act.
Indian removal President andrew jackson signed a law on may 28, 1830. The law was called the Indian Removal. A few tribes went peacefully but some did not want to go and leave their home. In 1838-39 the cherokee were forcefully removed from their homes. 4,000 cherokee died on this trip which became known as “The trail of Tears”.
De’Arryona Harris 123 Walnut St Vicksburg, MS 39183 (123) 456-7890 firstname.lastname@example.org Jude Parker CEO, Parker Tech 74 Lincoln Green Lane Church Stoke, PA 194 Dec 11, 1838 Dear Mr. Parker, During the 1838 Congress passed a law called the Indian Removal homes from Georgia to Indian Territory. It was a long walk 4,000 thousand of us died from the terrible weather,illness, weakness. After the devastating journey, the Cherokee Indians tried to settle in their new "desert" home. In the new territory, problems developed with the new arrivals, and Cherokees who had already come here. These problems were quickly overcame.
Trail of Tears: The rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation Many know the“The Trail of Tears” to be the removal of Cherokee from one place to another. Yet this book tells more than just the Cherokees movement to the East of the Mississippi River. It is written by John Ehle who is “a sixth-generation North Carolinian, who grew up on land once used as hunting grounds by the Cherokee.”, and is currently 89 years old according to his biography. This book was chosen because even though the story about the Trail of Tears is known this book explained the story of Cherokee people living their life before they were ordered to move onto another location and re start their whole life. Also in the back of the book it states that the author had to go through
During the civil war of 1864 a military strategy known as Total War was introduced by the Union General, William Tecumseh Sherman. This strategy deeply impacted the south. Most southerners were asked to leave everything behind, including their homes, cities, and town dwellings (Overly). The destruction of millions of dollars worth of property caused a lot of hardship for the south (Overly). Many were left homeless, roaming the streets of their burnt town.
To begin with, in Source E, it shows the map of the Indian Territory in Oklahoma, and it describes what went on. It states "Tens of thousands of Native Americans previously living east of the Appalachian Mountains were removed from their homes and ancestral lands by the United States Army and were forced to walk hundreds of miles at gunpoint to 'Indian Territory." This goes against everything written on those two documents because they are literally forcing tribes from east of the Appalachian to all move into one state, because they want to claim all of the land for the American people. Firstly, not all of the tribes maintain peace with each other and now they being crammed into one state all together which probably would not turn out good. In addition, the Native Americans were living in the country, before any of the Americans were, yet they are being forced to move.