Trail of Tears Native Americans experienced a dramatic change in the 1830s. Nearly 125,000 Native Americans who lived on inherited land from ancestors of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Florida were all cast out by the end of the decade. The federal government forced the natives to leave because white settlers wanted an area to grow their cotton. Andrew Jackson (President of the U.S. during this time) signed into law, the Indian Removal Act, authorizing him to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi River in return for native lands within state borders. As a result of Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act during the years of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokee nation was enforced to give up land east of the Mississippi River …show more content…
During the many days of traveling, the Cherokee faced severe weather conditions such as heat and a prolonged drought. During the long march, thousands of Cherokee children, women, and men died. Diseases were spread quickly. The sanitation was horrible, that was some of the ways you could get diseases, and another way you could get diseases was from bug bites. Over four thousand people died from diseases on the way to the settlement. One disease that was spread was typhus. Typhus is a type of rash and a type of disease that was spread quickly. Many of the Cherokee tribal people died of typhus and other diseases. For example, small pox was spread quickly. small pox was one of the deadliest diseases on the trail. Most of the Native Americans died of small pox. That is how deadly small pox was. Since the Native Americans journey was so long the diseases were spread everywhere. Native Americans also caught fevers. Fevers were super high. For example, some fevers went up to 106 degrees. The fever was caused usually by bad sanitation. As you probably know, the sanitation was not that great …show more content…
A group of Cherokee departed from Tennessee during the summer months in 1838; they were considered the first group and travelled by boat (History.com). On this journey, they travelled the Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Ohio rivers. The prolonged drought made it difficult for people to keep travelling by boat. They gave away with water routes and thousands had to walk during the fall and winter months from Tennessee to present-day Oklahoma. The route followed by the most Cherokees, approximately twelve thousand or more, was the northern route through Kentucky, Illinois, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, and into Indian Territory. According to Nix, author of history.com, the Cherokees all did not leave the Southeast. Because of the 1819 agreement or just hiding in the mountains from U.S. soldiers, some Cherokee were able to maintain land in some parts of North Carolina. Also, people managed to walk back from the Indian Territory, this group of people were known as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The group remain today and live in the west of North Carolina on Qualla Boundary
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”. These Native Americans were not how white settlement described them. Many of the tribes adopted Euro-american practices and created their own communities with schools and churches, even developed their own languages and created bilingual newspapers.
Could you imagine being moved from your home and march hundreds of miles at gunpoint! It sounds like a nightmare but it was a reality for many innocent people they were forced to move to a whole different place and try to survive. In 1820 the treaty of doak 's stand was one of the very first removal of native and land. Andrew jackson gave a talk /speech to the choctaw proposed land exchange for land in the mississippi for land in arkansas but the choctaw nation did not want to sign the treaty but jackson forced the natives to sign jackson was not yet president.
Hundreds and thousands of Native Americans, occupied many acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Florida, and many more tribes were removed from their homes and marched along the thousand mile trail to what is now present-day
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
They either moved west to new lands, which were called Indian Territory, where their independence would be respected or they would have to live under Georgia laws, meaning many of their human rights such as voting would be taken away from them. This decision was completely unfair to the tribe since the region was home to them and the new lands were unfamiliar and not at all valuable to them. Jackson soon passed the bill, forcing the Cherokees to march from their homelands all the way west to a portion of the Louisiana Purchase. This march was known as the Trail of Tears where thousands of Cherokees passed away on the journey. This demonstrates how Jackson’s view of the common people was only placed on his white Americans, rather than the natives who were always in the United
With them came smallpox, measles, chicken pox, influenza, and many other diseases. “Before the arrival of Columbus, Native American disease wasn’t dominant in the land. Due to the lack of exposure of disease in their younger years, Native Americans were vulnerable to the European diseases that would come with the Columbian Exchange. The diseases would soon destroy many societies of the ancient Aztec, Maya, and Inca. Through many estimates it is foreseen that alien diseases caused over 50% deaths of the Native American population.
In the autumn of 1838, the U.S. government, now under Van Buren, commanded the vigorous removal of the Cherokees from Georgia to the Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Of the 18,000 that began the 1,000 miles, 116-day trek, 4,000 perished on the way of illness, cold, starvation, and depletion. For this reason, the journey is known as the Trail of Tears. Regardless of who was responsible, however, the circumstances of suffering and death remain a tragic chapter in American history. In all, between 1831 and 1839 about 46,000 Indian people were relocated across the Mississippi River.
The dispersing of the Indians, particularly the five civilized tribes of the southwest: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole fairly began before the approval of the Indian Removal Act. As the European-Americans were progressing the procedure of passing the Act was bound to happen. They were once a secluded society and now forced to a loss of war. The Indian Removal Act was signed on 1830 by President Andrew Jackson. The act allowed President Andrew Jackson to provide the states with federal funds to remove the civilized tribes and reject the Indians from letting them to be part of the European-American society.
so they left. In June through December 1838 the Cherokees started to face many hardships which included diseases which killed as many as 2,000 Cherokees, hunger and exposure to the elements that killed them. At the end of the trail the Cherokee called it the trail where they cried. It was a very rough time for the Native
xIs it wrong to kick someone out of their own home when they didn’t do anything wrong? The Cherokee was in that same situation. The Cherokees’ situation was just like taking a cell phone ,which is dear to a human, away. They were kicked off their own land. They had done nothing too bad, but the Georgians wanted them to leave.
In fact, “Native Americans died in appalling numbers, in many cases up to 90 percent of the population.” The diseases were at its worst in the Aztec and Inca Empires since the people lived close together. However, in the old world, disease related deaths were not nearly as prevalent as in the Americas. The reason for this difference is that the Native Americans had no domesticated animals (except llamas), which resulted in no acquired immunities to old world diseases.
The European conquerors had built up an immunity to certain diseases that were common in Europe. Some of the diseases that decimated the Indian population included the following: smallpox, measles, influenza, typhus, and the bubonic plague. Centuries of living near livestock had basically inoculated the European settlers against these diseases. However the Indians were not used to such diseases, resulting in a dramatic decline in the Native American population. According to Diamond, smallpox was a major role in the domination of the Americas by the Europeans.
On July 17, 1830, the Cherokee nation published an appeal to all of the American people. United States government paid little thought to the Native Americans’ previous letters of their concerns. It came to the point where they turned to the everyday people to help them. They were desperate. Their withdrawal of their homeland was being caused by Andrew Jackson signing the Indian Removal Act into law on May 28, 1830.
The Indian Removal Act was signed in 1830 by President Andrew Jackson to remove the Cherokee Indians from their homes and force them to settle west of the Mississippi River. The act was passed in hopes to gain agrarian land that would replenish the cotton industry which had plummeted after the Panic of 1819. Andrew Jackson believed that effectively forcing the Cherokees to become more civilized and to christianize them would be beneficial to them. Therefore, he thought the journey westward was necessary. In late 1838, the Cherokees were removed from their homes and forced into a brutal journey westward in the bitter cold.
Disease played a major role in the destruction of Indian life. Early settlers brought a plethora of diseases that attacked and easily destroyed the unadapted immune systems of the Native Americans. These diseases killed many Native Americans and had severe impacts on their population. An example can be observed in the article when it describes how the Caddoan population lost around ninety-six percent of its population due to disease. Another example of how disease devastated the natives can be seen in the article when it describes how a single Spanish soldier that suffered from smallpox spread the disease to the Incas which eliminated half of their population.